BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    ”



                                                                    AB 2000


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          ASSEMBLY THIRD READING


          AB  
          2000 (Campos)


          As Amended  May 31, 2016


          Majority vote


           ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
          |Committee       |Votes|Ayes                  |Noes                |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |----------------+-----+----------------------+--------------------|
          |Judiciary       |9-1  |Mark Stone, Wagner,   |Gallagher           |
          |                |     |Alejo, Chau, Chiu,    |                    |
          |                |     |Cristina Garcia,      |                    |
          |                |     |Holden, Maienschein,  |                    |
          |                |     |Ting                  |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |----------------+-----+----------------------+--------------------|
          |Appropriations  |17-2 |Gonzalez, Bloom,      |Bigelow, Gallagher  |
          |                |     |Bonilla, Bonta,       |                    |
          |                |     |Calderon, Chang,      |                    |
          |                |     |Daly, Eggman, Eduardo |                    |
          |                |     |Garcia, Roger         |                    |
          |                |     |HernŠndez, Holden,    |                    |
          |                |     |Obernolte, Quirk,     |                    |
          |                |     |Santiago, Wagner,     |                    |
          |                |     |Weber, Wood           |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
           ------------------------------------------------------------------ 









                                                                    AB 2000


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          SUMMARY:  Requires the juvenile court to conduct a hearing when  
          terminating jurisdiction over a ward who is 17 years of age or  
          older, other than a nonminor dependent, and to ensure that  
          certain information, documents, and services are provided to the  
          ward in conjunction with termination of the court's  
          jurisdiction.  Specifically, this bill:


          1)Prohibits the juvenile court from terminating its jurisdiction  
            over a ward who is 17 years of age or older and not a nonminor  
            dependent until a hearing is conducted pursuant to this bill  
            and the court finds that one of the following is true:


             a)   Specified information, documents, and services have been  
               provided to the ward.


             b)   In any case where the information, document, or service  
               is unavailable or cannot be provided, that the probation  
               officer has made reasonable efforts to provide, specified  
               information, documents, or services to the ward.


          1)Requires the following information to be provided to the ward:
             a)   Written information concerning the ward's case,  
               including any known information regarding the ward's Indian  
               heritage or tribal connections, if applicable, directions  
               on how to access the documents the ward is entitled to  
               inspect under Welfare and Institutions Code (WIC) Section  
               827, and the date on which the jurisdiction of the juvenile  
               court would be terminated.
             b)   Written information regarding any psychotropic or other  
               medications that the ward is taking.


          1)Requires the following documents to be provided to the ward:
             a)   A social security card, or a photocopy thereof.








                                                                    AB 2000


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             b)   A certified copy of his or her birth certificate.


             c)   A health and education summary, if applicable.


             d)   A driver's license, or identification card.


             e)   A letter prepared by the probation department that  
               includes the following information: i) The ward's name and  
               date of birth, and ii) The dates during which the ward was  
               within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.


             f)   If applicable, the death certificate of the parent or  
               parents.


             g)   An advance health care directive form.


          1)Requires the probation department to provide the ward with the  
            following services or information:
             a)   Assistance with completing an application for Medi-Cal  
               or assistance with obtaining other health insurance, unless  
               the minor or nonminor has health insurance.
             b)   Referrals to transitional housing, if available, or  
               referrals to assistance with securing other housing, unless  
               the minor or nonminor has housing.


             c)   Referrals for assistance with obtaining employment or  
               other financial support.


             d)   Referrals for assistance in applying for admission to  
               college or to a vocational training program or other  
               educational institution and in obtaining financial aid,  








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               where appropriate.


             e)   If the ward has been in out-of-home placement for 90  
               days or longer, contact information in the ward's file for  
               individuals who are important to the ward, based on the  
               ward's best interests.


             f)   Information about the sealing of juvenile records as  
               required by WIC Section 781(h) and including information on  
               the sealing provisions of WIC Section 786 and any other  
               applicable provision regarding the sealing of juvenile  
               records.


             g)   If the ward has applied for Special Immigrant Juvenile  
               Status or otherwise applied for legal residency, and the  
               application is being processed, information on the status  
               of the application and whether an active juvenile court  
               case is required for approval of the application.


          1)Allows a Juvenile Court, in its discretion, to make the  
            information, documents, services, and referrals for service  
            described above to a ward who is under the age of 17 years.
          2)Allows a ward, after having the opportunity to confer with  
            counsel, the right to waive receipt of the information,  
            documents, services, and referrals for service described  
            above.




          FISCAL EFFECT:  According to the Assembly Appropriations  
          analysis:


          1)Unknown, but likely in the tens of thousands of dollars,  








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            reimbursable mandate costs for county probation departments to  
            provide the required information, documents, and services and  
            to participate in hearings when necessary.


          2)Minor and absorbable costs to the courts.


          COMMENTS:  Current law (WIC Section 391(e)) ensures that foster  
          youth who age out of the dependency system when they become  
          adults (or 21 years of age for "nonminor dependents") are  
          provided with a number of documents and resources when leaving  
          the dependency system.  Prior to termination of the juvenile  
          court's jurisdiction, the county welfare department is required  
          to do a number of things to help the nonminor transition to  
          living without the support of the juvenile court and the county  
          welfare department.


          Adolescents leaving incarceration and juvenile probation  
          supervision are also in critical need of such assistance.   
          Research shows that youth who have been in the juvenile justice  
          system are as much in need of information to assist in  
          transitioning to adulthood as youth in the dependency system.   
          In many instances juvenile justice wards were previously foster  
          youth and even if not, come from unstable homes and families  
          that are unable to support the transitioning youth back into  
          society.  Research shows that juvenile justice youth who leave  
          probation supervision do not finish high school, suffer high  
          rates of unemployment, pregnancy, and adult incarceration.  Like  
          foster youth, juvenile justice youth all too often leave the  
          juvenile justice system unconnected to family and community.


          To increase the opportunity for success for probation youth,  
          this bill requires that a number of those same services and  
          items of information to be provided to probation youth (or  
          "wards") prior to the juvenile delinquency court terminating its  
          jurisdiction over the youth.  But in order not to punish the  








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          youth, the bill prohibits a probation youth from being detained  
          in confinement while the youth is awaiting those services and  
          items of information.  Instead of requiring the county welfare  
          department to provide those services, documents and information,  
          this bill sensibly requires the county probation department to  
          provide similar services, documents, and information to the  
          ward.  Because not all of the services and information specified  
          in WIC Section 391(e) that are required to be provided to foster  
          youth are necessary or appropriate for probation youth, some of  
          the requirements have been modified or eliminated.  Therefore,  
          this bill requires probation officers to provide certain basic  
          documentation to youth similar to, but not as extensive as what  
          is required for welfare departments to provide to foster youth  
          in WIC Section 391(e).  As modified, the documentation should be  
          readily available to the probation department, if not already  
          included in the youth's file.


          In addition, some services and information are needed and  
          appropriate for minors and nonminors in the delinquency system  
          but not needed by those in the foster care system, so they have  
          been added to the bill.  For example, minors who have records of  
          juvenile adjudications may have difficulty obtaining employment  
          because they are required to disclose information about their  
          juvenile records on employment applications or to qualify for  
          other programs and services, including for entry into the  
          military, for example.  Therefore, this bill sensibly requires  
          information about the sealing of juvenile records to be provided  
          to the ward.  Also, to ensure that a ward is not detained in  
          confinement in order for a hearing to occur, the bill prohibits  
          the ward from being held in confinement under those  
          circumstances, which is fair and appropriate.  Finally, to avoid  
          interference with a ward's application for Special Immigrant  
          Juvenile Status, the bill requires the ward (and the court) to  
          be alerted to the fact that an application for such status has  
          been filed and whether an active juvenile court case is required  
          for approval of the ward's application.










                                                                    AB 2000


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          Analysis Prepared by:                                             
                          Alison Merrilees / JUD. / (916) 319-2334  FN:  
          0003147