BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                             Senator Ricardo Lara, Chair
                            2015 - 2016  Regular  Session

          AB 2009 (Lopez) - Student support services:  Dream Resource  
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          |Version: May 31, 2016           |Policy Vote: ED. 8 - 1          |
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          |Urgency: No                     |Mandate: Yes                    |
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          |Hearing Date: August 1, 2016    |Consultant: Jillian Kissee      |
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          This bill meets the criteria for referral to the Suspense File.

          Summary:  This bill requires the California Community Colleges  
          (CCC) and the California State University (CSU), and requests  
          the University of California (UC) to designate a Dream Resource  
          Liaison at each of their respective campuses and authorizes the  
          governing boards of the segments to accept private funds to  
          establish and operate a Dream Resource center.

           State reimbursable mandate costs of $100,000 per campus ($11.3  
            million statewide) for each CCC campus to designate a Dream  
            Resource Liaison.  To the extent a campus already has a Dream  
            Resource Center or liaison, the state would still be required  
            to reimburse the college for the new state mandated activity.   
            (Proposition 98)


          AB 2009 (Lopez)                                        Page 1 of  
           The CCC Chancellor's Office indicates the need for one  
            part-time position and $60,000 to support oversight of Dream  
            Resource Centers. (General Fund)

           CSU indicates that costs would range among campuses depending  
            upon how they choose meet the requirements of the bill which  
            would be based upon things such as staff workload and the  
            number of AB 540 students on the campus.  It is unknown how  
            many campuses would designate a liaison from within existing  
            staff or need to hire a new position.  To the extent the 19  
            CSU campuses that currently do not have a Dream Resource  
            Center hire new part-time or full-time staff, costs could  
            range between $665,000 and $1.3 million, respectively,  
            systemwide to designate a liaison.  (General Fund)  

           No costs to the UC as each campus has a dedicated space and  
            individual responsible for assisting students as described in  
            this bill.  

          Background:  AB 540 (Firebaugh, Chapter 814, Statutes of 2001) exempts  
          certain nonresident students, including undocumented students,  
          from paying nonresident tuition at CCC and CSU if certain  
          criteria are met.  The UC has adopted this policy as well.   
          Students must have: (1) attended a California high school for  
          three years or more or obtained an equivalent number of units  
          and attended at least three years in California elementary or  
          secondary schools; (2) graduated from a high school in  
          California; (3) registered at an accredited institution of  
          higher education in California; and (4) for a person without  
          lawful immigration status, filed an affidavit with the  
          institution stating that the student has filed an application to  
          legalize his or her immigration status.  These students are  
          often referred to as AB 540 students.  (Education Code   
          The California Dream Act allows undocumented and nonresident  
          documented students who meet certain provisions to apply for and  
          receive private scholarships funded through public universities,  
          state-administered financial aid, university grants, and  
          community college fee waivers.  Existing law also provides that  
          AB 540 students are eligible to apply for, and participate in,  
          any student financial aid program administered by the state to  
          the full extent permitted by federal law.  Current law prohibits  
          AB 540 students from being eligible for Competitive Cal Grant A  


          AB 2009 (Lopez)                                        Page 2 of  
          and B Awards unless specified conditions are met. (EC  69508.5)

          The California DREAM Loan Program is intended to provide low  
          interest loans to Dream Act students who are accessing the state  
          student financial aid program and attending UC and CSU.  The  
          California Dream Act Application is used by undocumented  
          students who meet the eligibility requirements of AB 540.  These  
          students are not eligible for federal student loans, making it  
          difficult for some to cover the total costs of college.  (EC   

          This bill seeks to ensure that AB 540 students attending  
          California public postsecondary institutions are not  
          unintentionally misguided and have adequate support to achieve  
          educational goals.

          Proposed Law:  
            This bill requires the CCC and the CSU, and requests the UC  
          to, designate a Dream Resource Liaison on each of their  
          respective campuses who is knowledgeable in available financial  
          aid, services, and academic opportunities for all students  
          meeting the AB 540 requirements, including undocumented  
          This bill also encourages the CCC, the CSU, and the UC to  
          establish Dream Resource Centers on each of their respective  
          campuses.  The centers may offer support services, such as state  
          and institutional financial aid assistance, academic counseling,  
          peer support services, psychological counseling, referral  
          services, and legal services.  The centers may be housed within  
          existing student service or academic centers and the space in  
          which the Dream Resource Liaison is located may be deemed a  
          Dream Resource Center.  The governing boards of each segment are  
          authorized to accept private funds to establish and operate  
          centers.  The requirements of this bill are scheduled to sunset  
          July 1, 2022.


          AB 2009 (Lopez)                                        Page 3 of  
          Legislation:  AB 1366 (Lopez, 2015) similar to this bill,  
          encourages schools that maintain grades 9 through 12, the CCC,  
          and the CSU, and requests the UC to designate a Dream Resource  
          Liaison on each of their campuses.  AB 1366 is in the inactive  
          file on the Senate Floor.

          Comments:  Support for AB 540 students on each campus varies and  
          services can range from having a designated center that is  
          independent or shares a space, to having a point of contact.   
          Each UC campus has a designated physical space where respective  
          designated contacts for undocumented students are housed.  Among  
          the 23 CSU campuses, some have a designated space on campus but  
          most provide information through existing student support  
          programs.  For the most part, community colleges do not have  
          space or staff specifically dedicated to offering services to AB  
          540 students.

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