BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                       AB 2009|
          |Office of Senate Floor Analyses   |                              |
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                                   THIRD READING 

          Bill No:  AB 2009
          Author:   Lopez (D) 
          Amended:  5/31/16 in Assembly
          Vote:     21 

           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE:  8-1, 6/22/16
           AYES:  Liu, Block, Hancock, Leyva, Mendoza, Monning, Pan, Vidak
           NOES:  Huff

           AYES:  Lara, Beall, Hill, McGuire, Mendoza
           NOES:  Bates, Nielsen

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  57-18, 6/2/16 - See last page for vote

           SUBJECT:   Student support services:  Dream Resource Liaisons

          SOURCE:    Author

          DIGEST:   This bill requires the California Community Colleges  
          (CCC) and the California State University (CSU) and requests the  
          University of California (UC) to designate a Dream Resource  
          Liaison at each of their respective campuses and authorizes the  
          governing boards of the segments to accept private funds to  
          establish and operate a Dream Resource Center.


          Existing law:


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                                                                    Page  2

          1)Provides that a student who attended high school in California  
            for three (or equivalency) or more years, graduated (or  
            equivalency) from a California high school, enrolled at an  
            accredited institution of higher education in California not  
            earlier than the fall semester or quarter of 2001-02, and  
            files an affidavit with the institution of higher education  
            stating that the student has filed an application to legalize  
            his or her immigration status or will file an application,  
            eligible for lower resident fee/tuition payments at the CCC,  
            CSU, and UC. These students are often referred to as "AB 540  
            students".  (Education Code § 68130.5)

          2)Provides that, beginning January 1, 2013, AB 540 students are  
            eligible to apply for, and participate in, any student  
            financial aid program administered by the State of California  
            to the full extent permitted by federal law. The California  
            Student Aid Commission is required to establish procedures and  
            forms that enable AB 540 students to apply for, and  
            participate in, all student financial aid programs  
            administered by the State of California to the full extent  
            permitted by federal law. Existing law prohibits AB 540  
            students from being eligible for Competitive Cal Grant A and B  
            Awards unless specified conditions are met. (EC § 69508.5)

          3)Provides that a student attending the CSU, the CCC, or the UC  
            who is exempt from paying nonresident tuition under the  
            provisions of AB 540 is eligible to receive a scholarship  
            derived from non-state funds received, for the purpose of  
            scholarships by the segment at which he or she is a student.   
            (EC § 66021.7)

          4)Requires the Trustees of the CSU and the Board of Governors of  
            the CCC, and requests the UC Regents, to establish procedures  
            and forms that enable AB 540 students to apply for, and  
            participate in, all student aid programs administered by these  
            segments to the full extent permitted by federal law. (EC §  

          5)Establishes the California Dream Loan Program intended to  


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                                                                    Page  3

            provide low interest loans to Dream Act students who are  
            accessing the Cal Grant program and attending UC and CSU.  
            These students are not eligible for federal student loans,  
            making it difficult for some to cover the total costs of  
            college. The law requires the state and UC and CSU to split  
            the costs of launching the Program. The state would need to  
            provide about $4.7 million General Fund to begin the Program.  
            In 2014, the Governor signed SB 1210 (Lara, Chapter 754), but  
            does not provide funding in the 2015-16 Budget for the  
            Program.  (EC § 70030-70039) 

          This bill:

          1)Requires the CCC and the CSU and request the UC to designate a  
            Dream Resource Liaison on of their respective campuses to  
            assist students meeting the requirements of AB 540 (Firebaugh,  
            Chapter 814, Statutes of 2001) who is knowledgeable in  
            available financial aid, services, and academic opportunities  
            for all students including undocumented students.

          2)Encourages the CCC to place the Dream Resource Liaison in the  
            campus' extended opportunity programs and services office or  
            financial aid office and the CSU and UC to place the Liaison  
            in the campus' educational opportunity programs office or  
            financial aid office. 

          3)Encourages the CCC, CSU and UC to establish Dream Resource  
            Centers that:

             a)   May offer support services, including, financial aid  
               assistance, academic counseling, peer support services,  
               psychological counseling, referral services and legal  

             b)   May be housed within existing student services or  
               academic centers and, the space in which a Dream Resource  
               Liaison is located may be deemed a Dream Resource Center.


                                                                    AB 2009  
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          4)Prohibits anything in the bill's provisions from being  
            construed to encourage the construction of new or separate  
            space for Dream Resource Centers.

          5)Authorizes the governing boards of each segment to accept  
            private funds to establish and operate Centers.

          6)Makes various findings and declarations relative to  
            California's leadership in enacting bold laws to provide  
            opportunities for undocumented youth, the need to make  
            families and youth more aware of recent policy changes and the  
            number of campuses that have acknowledged challenges of these  
            students by creating Dream Resource Centers. 

          7)Establishes if the Commission on State Mandates determines  
            that this act contains costs mandated by the state, the state  
            will reimburse applicable entities.

          8)Sunsets the bill's provisions on July 1, 2022.


          1)Need for the bill.   According to the author, "since the  
            passage of AB 540, California Dream Act, Deferred Action for  
            Childhood Arrivals (DACA), and other pieces of meaningful  
            legislation, college affordability has become more attainable  
            for undocumented students in California. However, undocumented  
            still face many obstacles and adverse barriers due to their  
            unique situation."  In 2009, the UC Los Angeles created the  
            first resource center to serve undocumented students in the  
            state followed by the UC Berkeley opening the Robert D. Haas  
            Dream Resource Center in Fall of 2012. Both Centers were  
            established after research was conducted from their respective  
            campuses that supported improving campus climates for  
            undocumented students. 


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            A study conducted by the Undocuscholar Project at the  
            University of California, Los Angeles found that the lack of  
            knowledge at campuses regarding policies and services  
            available for undocumented students and there is a need with  
            in the higher education community for informed admissions and  
            outreach, financial aid, transition programs, student support  
            services, retention programs, and efforts to assist students  
            with pursuing graduate school or careers. This bill seeks to  
            ensure that AB 540 students attending California public  
            postsecondary institutions are not unintentionally misguided  
            and have adequate support to achieve educational goals.  

          2)Existing services offered at UC, CSU and CCC campuses. Support  
            for AB 540 students on each campus varies and services can  
            range from having a designated center that is independent or  
            share a space and/or having a point of contact.  As part of  
            the President's Initiative on Undocumented Students, each UC  
            campus has a designated physical space where knowledgeable  
            staff is housed.  Among the 23 CSUs, a handful of campuses  
            have independent spaces that are specifically designated for  
            AB 540 students but most CSU campuses provide information to  
            these students through a number existing support programs. 

            For the most part community colleges do not have space or  
            staff specifically dedicated to offering services to AB 540  
            students.  However, some campuses may focus on this student  
            population through the campus Student Equity Plan. The Equity  
            plans are developed by each CCC campus in effort to close  
            achievement gaps in access and success for underrepresented  
            student groups. 

            This bill provides a standard for serving this student  
            population by requiring that each public postsecondary  
            institution designate a single point of contact (Dream  
            Resource Liaison) to assist students meeting the requirements  
            of AB 540. Under the provisions of this bill, the Liaison is  
            required to be knowledgeable in financial aid, services, and  
            academic opportunities for all students including undocumented  


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          Related Legislation

          AB 1366 (Lopez, 2015), nearly identical to this bill, encourages  
          schools that maintain grades 9 through 12, the CCCs and the CSU  
          and the UC to designate a Dream Resource Liaison on each of  
          their campuses.  AB 1366 is in the inactive file on the Senate  
          Floor and was approved by the Senate Education Committee 8-1.

          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:YesLocal:   Yes

          According to the Senate Appropriations Committee:

           State reimbursable mandate costs of $100,000 per campus ($11.3  
            million statewide) for each CCC campus to designate a Dream  
            Resource Liaison.  To the extent a campus already has a Dream  
            Resource Center or Liaison, the state would still be required  
            to reimburse the college for the new state mandated activity.   
            (Proposition 98)

           The CCC Chancellor's Office indicates the need for one  
            part-time position and $60,000 to support oversight of Dream  
            Resource Centers. (General Fund)

           CSU indicates that costs would range among campuses depending  
            upon how they choose meet the requirements of this bill which  
            would be based upon things such as staff workload and the  
            number of AB 540 students on the campus.  It is unknown how  
            many campuses would designate a Liaison from within existing  
            staff or need to hire a new position.  To the extent the 19  
            CSU campuses that currently do not have a Dream Resource  
            Center hire new part-time or full-time staff, costs could  
            range between $665,000 and $1.3 million, respectively,  
            systemwide to designate a Liaison.  (General Fund)  

           No costs to the UC as each campus has a dedicated space and  


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            individual responsible for assisting students as described in  
            this bill.  

          SUPPORT:   (Verified8/11/16)

          California Dream Network
          California Faculty Association 
          California Immigrant Policy Center 
          California Labor Federation 
          California State Student Association 
          Channel Islands Dreamers
          Coalition for Human Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles 
          Espírtu de Nuestro Futuro 
          L.E.A.D Sacramento State 
          Student Advocates for Higher Education at San Jose State  
          University of California 

          OPPOSITION:   (Verified8/11/16)

          None received

          ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  57-18, 6/2/16
          AYES:  Achadjian, Alejo, Arambula, Atkins, Baker, Bloom,  
            Bonilla, Bonta, Brown, Burke, Calderon, Campos, Chau, Chávez,  
            Chiu, Chu, Cooley, Cooper, Dababneh, Daly, Dodd, Eggman,  
            Frazier, Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, Gatto, Gipson,  
            Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gray, Roger Hernández, Holden, Irwin,  
            Jones-Sawyer, Lackey, Levine, Linder, Lopez, Low, McCarty,  
            Medina, Mullin, Nazarian, O'Donnell, Quirk, Ridley-Thomas,  
            Rodriguez, Salas, Santiago, Mark Stone, Thurmond, Ting, Weber,  
            Williams, Wood, Rendon
          NOES:  Travis Allen, Brough, Chang, Dahle, Gallagher, Grove,  
            Harper, Jones, Kim, Mathis, Mayes, Melendez, Obernolte,  
            Patterson, Steinorth, Wagner, Waldron, Wilk


                                                                    AB 2009  
                                                                    Page  8

          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Bigelow, Beth Gaines, Hadley, Maienschein,  

          Prepared by:Olgalilia Ramirez / ED. / (916) 651-4105
          8/15/16 20:27:02

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