BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



          SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION
                              Senator Carol Liu, Chair
                                2015 - 2016  Regular 

          Bill No:             AB 2063            
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          |Author:    |Gallagher                                            |
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          |Version:   |April 13, 2016                             Hearing   |
          |           |Date:     June 8, 2016                               |
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          |Urgency:   |No                     |Fiscal:     |Yes             |
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          |Consultant:|Lynn Lorber                                          |
          |           |                                                     |
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          Subject:  Work-based learning opportunities:  work experience  
          education and job shadowing


            SUMMARY
          
          This bill establishes an additional option by which a student  
          who is at least 14 years old may participate in work experience  
          education, and increases the time a student may participate in  
          job shadowing from 25 to 40 hours per semester if certain  
          conditions are met.  

            BACKGROUND
          
          Existing law:

          1)   Provides for various career technical education programs  
               for the purpose of integrating academic and vocational  
               education and motivating students to stay in school and  
               graduate with the skills necessary to advance into  
               postsecondary education, advanced workforce training, or  
               the workforce.  
          (Education Code  54690, et seq. and  52300, et seq.)

          2)   Authorizes the governing board of school districts  
               maintaining a high school to establish work-based learning  
               or work experience education programs for the purpose of  
               providing students with instruction in skills, attitudes,  
               and understandings necessary for employment success,  
               including providing guidance and supervision, arranging  







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               credit for work experience education courses, and  
               authorizing the district to purchase liability insurance  
               for students enrolled in programs of study involving work  
               experience or vocational education at locations off school  
               grounds.  (EC  51760)

          3)   Requires the governing board of any school district  
               offering work experience education to grant credit to  
               students satisfactorily completing a work experience  
               education program, in an amount not to exceed a total of 40  
               semester credits, of which no more than 10 credits may be  
               conferred in any one semester, provided the student meets  
               all of the following requirements:

               a)        At the time of enrollment, the student is at  
                    least 16 years of age.




               b)        During the course of the student's enrollment,  
                    the student receives as a minimum the equivalent of  
                    one instructional period per week of classroom  
                    instruction or counseling by a certificated employee.

               c)        The work experience education program meets all  
                    of the requirements of law governing these programs.   
                    (EC  51760.3)

          4)   Authorizes students under the age of 16 years to receive  
               credit for work experience education under the following  
               conditions:

               a)        The student is in grade 11 or higher.

               b)        The principal of the school certifies that the  
                    student is in need of immediate work experience in  
                    order to pursue employment opportunities.

               c)        The principal of the school certifies that there  
                    is a probability that the student will no longer be  
                    enrolled as a full-time student without being provided  
                    the opportunity to enroll in a work experience  
                    education program.








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               d)        The student's individualized education program  
                    prescribes the type of training for which  
                    participation in work experience education is deemed  
                    appropriate.  (EC  51760.3)

          5)   Provides that the school district, county superintendent of  
               schools, or any school administered by the California  
               Department of Education, under whose supervision work  
               experience education, cooperative vocational education,  
               community classrooms, a job shadowing experience, or  
               student apprenticeship programs, to be considered the  
               employer of students receiving this training unless the  
               student is being paid a cash wage or salary by a private  
               employer (except in the case of registered student  
               apprentices, as specified).  
          (EC  51769)

          6)   Defines a "job shadowing experience" as a visit to a  
               workplace for the purpose of career exploration for no less  
               than three hours and no more than 25 hours in one semester,  
               intersession, or summer school session.  (EC  51769)

          Existing regulations require work experience education to  
          consist of one or more of the following paid and unpaid types of  
          on-the-job experiences which the school district may offer  
          through a formal training agreement with each employer:  career  
          technical work experience education, general work experience  
          education, and exploratory work experience education.   
          (California Code of Regulations, Title 5,  10071)

            ANALYSIS
          
          This bill establishes an additional option by which a student  
          who is at least 14 years old may participate in work experience  
          education, and increases the time a student may participate in  
          job shadowing from 25 to 40 hours per semester, as specified.   
          Specifically, this bill:

          1)   Authorizes a student to receive credit for work experience  
               education if the student is at least 14 years of age and  
               the principal of the school in which the student is  
               enrolled certifies that it is necessary for the student's  
               participation in a career technical education program.








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          2)   Notwithstands the existing cap of 25 hours per semester for  
               participation in job shadowing to authorize a student to  
               participate in a job shadowing experience for up to 40  
               hours in one semester, intersession, or summer school  
               session if the principal of the school in which the student  
               is enrolled certifies that it is necessary for the  
               student's participation in a career technical education  
               program.

          STAFF COMMENTS
          
          1)   Need for the bill.  According to the author, "Work  
               experience education programs teach valuable life skills  
               like financial literacy, business operations, and time  
               management.  Moreover, these programs help students choose  
               a career path based on their skills and interests.   
               Expanding access to these programs will help California  
               close the predicted 1.5 million worker gap and could also  
               help lower dropout rates.  Exposing students to career  
               technical education at a younger age is crucial."

          2)   Work experience education.  According to the California  
               Department of Education's website, work experience  
               education is a course of study that may be established by a  
               governing board of any local educational agency to provide  
               paid or unpaid on-the-job experiences for high school  
               students through training agreements with employers.  Work  
               experience education programs combine an on-the-job  
               component with related classroom instruction designed to  
               maximize the value of the on-the-job experiences.  Local  
               educational agencies may offer any one or more of the  
               following types of work experience education programs:

               a)        Exploratory Work Experience Education:  The goal  
                    of this program is to provide career guidance and  
                    ascertain their interests and aptitudes for specific  
                    careers through opportunities to observe and sample a  
                    variety of conditions of work.  Exploratory work  
                    experience education includes a combination of job  
                    observations and related classroom instruction in work  
                    experience education.  Students enrolled in this  
                    program may be as young as 12 years of age.  









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               b)        General Work Experience Education:  The purpose  
                    of this program is to provide students with  
                    opportunities for applying the basic skills of  
                    reading, writing, and computation through a  
                    combination of supervised paid employment in any  
                    occupational field and related classroom instruction. 

               c)        Career Technical Work Experience Education: The  
                    purpose of this program is to reinforce and extend  
                    vocational learning opportunities for students through  
                    a combination of related classroom instruction and  
                    supervised paid employment in the occupation for which  
                    their career technical course prepares the student.  

          3)   Age of students participating in work experience education.  
                Existing law authorizes students under the age of 16 years  
               to receive credit for work experience education if:

               a)        The student is enrolled in grade 11 or higher.

               b)        The school principal certifies that the student  
                    needs to participate to pursue employment or that the  
                    student would otherwise not be enrolled in school  
                    full-time.

               c)        The student's individualized education program  
                    specifies that type of training.  

               This bill establishes an additional option for  
               participation by a student who is at least 14 years old if  
               the school principal certifies that it is necessary for the  
               student's participation in a career technical education  
               program.  This option recognizes the modern nature of work  
               experience by referencing career technical education. 

          4)   Fiscal impact.  According to the Assembly Appropriations  
               Committee analysis, this bill would have no significant  
               state fiscal impacts, as expansion of work experience  
               education to 14 year olds is permissive.

            SUPPORT
          
          California School Boards Association
          Kern County Superintendent of Schools








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          Los Angeles County Office of Education

            OPPOSITION
           
           None received.

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