BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                       AB 2063|
          |Office of Senate Floor Analyses   |                              |
          |(916) 651-1520    Fax: (916)      |                              |
          |327-4478                          |                              |


          Bill No:  AB 2063
          Author:   Gallagher (R) 
          Amended:  4/13/16 in Assembly
          Vote:     21 

           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE:  9-0, 6/8/16
           AYES:  Liu, Block, Hancock, Huff, Leyva, Mendoza, Monning, Pan,  


           ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  79-0, 5/5/16 (Consent) - See last page for  

           SUBJECT:   Work-based learning opportunities:  work experience  
                     education and job shadowing

          SOURCE:    Author

          DIGEST:  This bill establishes an additional option by which a  
          student who is at least 14 years old may participate in work  
          experience education, and increases the time a student may  
          participate in job shadowing from 25 to 40 hours per semester if  
          certain conditions are met.


          Existing law:

          1)Provides for various career technical education programs for  
            the purpose of integrating academic and vocational education  
            and motivating students to stay in school and graduate with  
            the skills necessary to advance into postsecondary education,  


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            advanced workforce training, or the workforce.  (Education  
            Code § 54690, et seq. and § 52300, et seq.)

          2)Authorizes the governing board of school districts maintaining  
            a high school to establish work-based learning or work  
            experience education programs for the purpose of providing  
            students with instruction in skills, attitudes, and  
            understandings necessary for employment success, including  
            providing guidance and supervision, arranging credit for work  
            experience education courses, and authorizing the district to  
            purchase liability insurance for students enrolled in programs  
            of study involving work experience or vocational education at  
            locations off school grounds.  (EC § 51760)

          3)Requires the governing board of any school district offering  
            work experience education to grant credit to students  
            satisfactorily completing a work experience education program,  
            in an amount not to exceed a total of 40 semester credits, of  
            which no more than 10 credits may be conferred in any one  
            semester, provided the student meets all of the following  

             a)   At the time of enrollment, the student is at least 16  
               years of age.

             b)   During the course of the student's enrollment, the  
               student receives as a minimum the equivalent of one  
               instructional period per week of classroom instruction or  
               counseling by a certificated employee.

             c)   The work experience education program meets all of the  
               requirements of law governing these programs.  (EC §  

          4)Authorizes students under the age of 16 years to receive  
            credit for work experience education under the following  

             a)   The student is in grade 11 or higher.

             b)   The principal of the school certifies that the student  
               is in need of immediate work experience in order to pursue  


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               employment opportunities.

             c)   The principal of the school certifies that there is a  
               probability that the student will no longer be enrolled as  
               a full-time student without being provided the opportunity  
               to enroll in a work experience education program.

             d)   The student's individualized education program  
               prescribes the type of training for which participation in  
               work experience education is deemed appropriate.  (EC §  

          5)Provides that the school district, county superintendent of  
            schools, or any school administered by the California  
            Department of Education, under whose supervision work  
            experience education, cooperative vocational education,  
            community classrooms, a job shadowing experience, or student  
            apprenticeship programs, to be considered the employer of  
            students receiving this training unless the student is being  
            paid a cash wage or salary by a private employer (except in  
            the case of registered student apprentices, as specified).   
            (EC § 51769)

          6)Defines a "job shadowing experience" as a visit to a workplace  
            for the purpose of career exploration for no less than three  
            hours and no more than 25 hours in one semester, intersession,  
            or summer school session.  (EC § 51769)

          Existing regulations require work experience education to  
          consist of one or more of the following paid and unpaid types of  
          on-the-job experiences which the school district may offer  
          through a formal training agreement with each employer:  career  
          technical work experience education, general work experience  
          education, and exploratory work experience education.   
          (California Code of Regulations, Title 5, § 10071)

          This bill:

          1)Authorizes a student to receive credit for work experience  
            education if the student is at least 14 years of age and the  
            principal of the school in which the student is enrolled  
            certifies that it is necessary for the student's participation  


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            in a career technical education program.

          2)Notwithstands the existing cap of 25 hours per semester for  
            participation in job shadowing to authorize a student to  
            participate in a job shadowing experience for up to 40 hours  
            in one semester, intersession, or summer school session if the  
            principal of the school in which the student is enrolled  
            certifies that it is necessary for the student's participation  
            in a career technical education program.


          Work experience education.  According to the California  
          Department of Education's Web site, work experience education is  
          a course of study that may be established by a governing board  
          of any local educational agency to provide paid or unpaid  
          on-the-job experiences for high school students through training  
          agreements with employers.  Work experience education programs  
          combine an on-the-job component with related classroom  
          instruction designed to maximize the value of the on-the-job  
          experiences.  Local educational agencies may offer any one or  
          more of the following types of work experience education  

          1)Exploratory Work Experience Education:  The goal of this  
            program is to provide career guidance and ascertain their  
            interests and aptitudes for specific careers through  
            opportunities to observe and sample a variety of conditions of  
            work.  Exploratory work experience education includes a  
            combination of job observations and related classroom  
            instruction in work experience education.  Students enrolled  
            in this program may be as young as 12 years of age.  

          2)General Work Experience Education:  The purpose of this  
            program is to provide students with opportunities for applying  
            the basic skills of reading, writing, and computation through  
            a combination of supervised paid employment in any  
            occupational field and related classroom instruction. 

          3)Career Technical Work Experience Education:  The purpose of  
            this program is to reinforce and extend vocational learning  
            opportunities for students through a combination of related  


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            classroom instruction and supervised paid employment in the  
            occupation for which their career technical course prepares  
            the student.  

          Age of students participating in work experience education.   
          Existing law authorizes students under the age of 16 years to  
          receive credit for work experience education if:

          1)The student is enrolled in grade 11 or higher.

          2)The school principal certifies that the student needs to  
            participate to pursue employment or that the student would  
            otherwise not be enrolled in school full-time.

          3)The student's individualized education program specifies that  
            type of training.  

          This bill provides an option that recognizes the modern nature  
          of work experience by referencing career technical education.

          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:YesLocal:   No

          SUPPORT:   (Verified6/20/16)

          California School Boards Association
          Kern County Superintendent of Schools
          Los Angeles County Office of Education

          OPPOSITION:   (Verified6/20/16)

          None received

          ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  79-0, 5/5/16
          AYES:  Achadjian, Alejo, Travis Allen, Arambula, Atkins, Baker,  
            Bigelow, Bloom, Bonilla, Bonta, Brough, Brown, Burke,  
            Calderon, Campos, Chang, Chau, Chávez, Chiu, Chu, Cooley,  


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                                                                    Page  6

            Cooper, Dababneh, Dahle, Daly, Dodd, Eggman, Frazier,  
            Gallagher, Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, Gatto, Gipson,  
            Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gray, Grove, Hadley, Harper, Roger  
            Hernández, Holden, Irwin, Jones, Jones-Sawyer, Kim, Lackey,  
            Levine, Linder, Lopez, Low, Maienschein, Mathis, Mayes,  
            McCarty, Medina, Melendez, Mullin, Nazarian, Obernolte,  
            O'Donnell, Olsen, Patterson, Quirk, Ridley-Thomas, Rodriguez,  
            Salas, Santiago, Steinorth, Mark Stone, Thurmond, Ting,  
            Wagner, Waldron, Weber, Wilk, Williams, Wood, Rendon
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Beth Gaines

          Prepared by:Lynn Lorber / ED. / (916) 651-4105
          6/22/16 15:15:01

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