BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    ”



                                                                    AB 2288


                                                                    Page  1





          Date of Hearing:  April 6, 2016


                     ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT


                               Roger HernŠndez, Chair


          AB 2288  
          (Burke) - As Introduced February 18, 2016


          SUBJECT:  Apprenticeship programs:  building and construction  
          trades


          SUMMARY:  Enacts provisions related to pre-apprenticeship  
          programs in the building and construction trades.  Specifically,  
          this bill:  


          1)Requires the California Workforce Development Board (Board)  
            and each local board to ensure, to the maximum extent  
            feasible, that programs and services funded by the federal  
            Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014 (WIOA) and  
            directed to apprenticeable occupations in the building and  
            construction trades, including pre-apprenticeship training,  
            include plans for outreach and retention to increase the  
            percentage of women in the building and construction trades.


          2)Require the Board and each local board to also ensure, to the  
            maximum extent feasible, that pre-apprenticeship training in  
            the building and construction trades follows the Multi-Craft  
            Core Curriculum developed by the Department of Education for  
            its pilot project with California Partnership Academies. 










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          EXISTING LAW:  


          1)Provides that the Board is responsible for assisting the  
            Governor in the development, oversight, and continuous  
            improvement of California's workforce investment system.


          2)Requires that the Board and each local workforce development  
            board ensure that programs and services funded by WIOA and  
            directed to apprenticeable occupations are conducted in  
            coordination with apprenticeship programs approved by the  
            Division of Apprenticeship Standards, as specified. 


          3)Requires the Board and each local workforce development board  
            to develop a policy of fostering collaboration between  
            community colleges and approved apprenticeship programs in the  
            geographic area.


          FISCAL EFFECT:  Unknown


          COMMENTS:  This bill is sponsored by the State Building and  
          Construction Trades Council of California and would require  
          pre-apprenticeship programs in the building and construction  
          trades to include a plan for outreach, recruitment, and  
          retention of women and require the use of the Multi-Craft Core  
          Curriculum developed for the purpose of preparing students and  
          pre-apprenticeship participants for labor-management  
          apprenticeship programs.


          Women in the Trades


          According to the sponsor, recruiting women into non-traditional  
          careers like the construction trades has been a full time effort  








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          for the State Building and Construction Trades Council.  They  
          note that the state and its unions invest a great amount of time  
          and resources working on ways to encourage women to consider a  
          career in construction.  The sponsor founded and has held the  
          "Women in the Building Trades Conference" for over 14 years.   
          The conference attracts over 1,000 women each year from all over  
          the nation and other countries. 


          They contend that, historically, a construction career has not  
          been a traditional choice for women when deciding what type of  
          career to pursue after high school, and exposure to different  
          career options like those in the building and construction  
          trades can be critical in opening the door to new choices and  
          solid, living wage jobs.


          Therefore, this bill helps promote women in the trades by  
          requiring programs and services funded by the WIOA and directed  
          to apprenticeable occupations in the building and construction  
          trades to include plans to increase the percentage of women in  
          those trades.


          Pre-Apprenticeship and the Multi-Core Craft Curriculum


          According to information provided by the sponsor, the  
          Multi-Craft Core Curriculum (MC3) was developed in 2007 by the  
          leaders of National Building Trades to identify common elements  
          in all building and construction trades' apprenticeship programs  
          and combine them together in one curriculum encompassing 120  
          hours of training.


           


          The curriculum includes general orientation to apprenticeships,  








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          cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first aid, an Occupational  
          Safety and Health Administration 10-hour certification course,  
          blue print reading, applied mathematics for the building and  
          construction trades, and the history of the construction  
          industry and the heritage of the American worker.  It also  
          exposes students to the tools of the various trades, the safe  
          handling of those tools, the structure of the construction  
          industry, the construction process, and an orientation to  
          apprenticeship itself.


           


          Currently, as part of State Superintendent of Public Instruction  
          Tom Torlakson's Career Readiness Campaign, nine California  
          Partnership Academy high schools from across the state have  
          implemented this curriculum to ensure students are engaged in  
          their educational experience and also to prepare them for a  
          successful career outside of the classroom.  An August 2014  
          press release from the California Department of Education  
          states:






            "Staff from the California Department of Education worked with  
            members of the California Labor Federation, North America's  
            Building Trades Unions, and the State Building & Construction  
            Trades Council of California to create the MC3 program in  
            California Partnership Academies (CPA). A CPA is three-year  
            high school program structured as a school-within-a-school.  
            Academies integrate academic and career technical education,  
            business partnerships, mentoring, and internships designed to  
            give students hands-on learning experiences. CPAs serve  
            students at risk of dropping out, whose schools rank below  
            average on the state's Academic Performance Index. The  








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            successful program has resulted in a 95 percent graduation  
            rate among CPA students.



            Nine career technical education teachers in the pilot project  
            CPAs have received training from their partner industry  
            professionals and earned certifications to teach the MC3  
            program. Teachers will now design lessons to assure students  
            are prepared for each succeeding step, ultimately building up  
            to a "capstone" course. The capstone course prepares students  
            for a pre-apprenticeship position in the construction trade  
            industries or for further training in college or certification  
            programs.



            Students are recruited to participate in CPAs in ninth grade  
            and begin this coursework in tenth grade. In each year,  
            students will learn their regular rigorous coursework, such as  
            social studies, and English language arts and mathematics  
            aligned with the Common Core State Standards and the Career  
            Technical Education Model Curriculum Standards, as well as a  
            career technical education course aligned with the MC3. The  
            coursework will be designed to help students understand the  
            connection between what they learn in school and what they  
            will need to know for careers. The coursework will also meet  
            the "A-G" requirements for entry into college. Successful  
            students will receive a Certificate of Completion from the  
            North America's Building Trades Unions, which is a national  
            industry certification."


          The sponsor argues that the MC3 provides a gateway to  
          postsecondary education and careers in any of the building and  
          construction trades from high school or community college to  
          joint industry registered apprenticeships.  Therefore, this bill  
          requires the Board and each local board to ensure that  
          pre-apprenticeship training in the building and construction  








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          trades use the MC3.


          ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT:


          Supporters argue that this bill will expand on current efforts  
          to support women in the trades by requiring pre-apprenticeship  
          programs funded by WIOA dollars to create a plan for outreach,  
          recruitment and retention of women seeking a career in the  
          building trades.  In addition, because pre-apprenticeship is a  
          useful tool to prepare prospective construction worker  
          apprentices for an apprenticeship program, this bill creates  
          uniform rules for success in pre-apprenticeship training.  They  
          argue that the two parts of this bill each in different ways  
          help ensure that the building and construction trades are as  
          representative of society as possible.


          REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION:




          Support


          California Chapters of the National Electrical Contractors  
          Association


          California Legislative Council of the Plumbing, Heating and  
          Piping Industry


          Northern California Allied Trades and the Wall and Ceiling  
          Alliance










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          State Building and Construction Trades Council of California  
          (sponsor)


          United Contractors




          Opposition


          None on file.




          Analysis Prepared by:Ben Ebbink / L. & E. / (916) 319-2091