BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                    AB 2491


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          Date of Hearing:  April 18, 2016


                        ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION


                                 Jim Frazier, Chair


          AB 2491  
          (Nazarian) - As Introduced February 19, 2016


          SUBJECT:  Vehicles:  stopping, standing, and parking


          SUMMARY:  Adds police stations, ambulance companies, and general  
          acute care hospitals to the list of facilities for which vehicle  
          parking, stopping, or standing within 15 feet of the driveway is  
          prohibited.  Specifically, this bill:  


          1)Prohibits parking within 15 feet of a driveway entrance of a  
            police station, ambulance company, or acute care hospital  
            unless, as specified, the vehicle is owned and operated by the  
            facility and is clearly marked.


          2)Provides that a local authority may provide appropriate curb  
            markings and post signs that delineate the area within 15 feet  
            of a driveway entrance of a police station, ambulance company,  
            or acute care hospital as a no parking, stopping, or standing  
            zone.


          3)Makes related, clarifying amendments.


          EXISTING LAW:  








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          1)Prohibits, with certain exceptions, persons from stopping,  
            parking, or leaving a vehicle standing within 15 feet of a  
            fire station driveway unless the vehicle is owned or operated  
            by the fire station entities and is clearly marked, as  
            specified.


          2)Authorizes a local jurisdiction to provide appropriate curb  
            markings and to post signs delineating the zone 15 feet zone  
            adjacent to the fire station driveway entrance, as specified.


          FISCAL EFFECT:  Unknown, this bill is keyed non-fiscal by the  
          Legislative Counsel.


          COMMENTS:  According to the author, emergency service vehicles  
          entering or exiting driveways of police stations, ambulance  
          service providers, and general acute care hospitals are often  
          blocked by cars that are parked around the driveway entrance or  
          stopped in front of it.  He notes that when emergency vehicles  
          cannot enter or exit their facilities, critical response time is  
          lost and important services are delayed.  





          The author points to statistics provided by the Los Angeles  
          County Department of Health Services that approximately 295,000  
          patients are transported to emergency rooms each year and that  
          over 2.2 million people received ambulatory care visits in Los  
          Angeles County alone.  The author also points out that, in  
          particular, ambulance transport companies, who respond to  
          millions of calls across the state annually, report frequently  
          experiencing problems entering and exiting their facilities on  
          emergency response calls.  Unlike fire stations, there is no  
          prohibition against vehicles stopping or standing in close  
          proximity or in front of driveways of the emergency response  







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          providers identified in AB 2491.   





          To address this issue, the author introduced this bill, which  
          would additionally prohibit a person from stopping, parking, or  
          leaving a vehicle standing within 15 feet of a driveway to a  
          police station, ambulance company, or general acute care  
          hospital.  AB 2491 specifies that a violation of the provision  
          would be enforced as a stopping or parking violation rather than  
          a moving violation.  This bill also provides local jurisdictions  
          with the authority to post appropriate signs and curb marking to  
          delineate the areas.  





          Proposed amendments:  While well intended, AB 2491 was drafted  
          in such a way that that all driveway entrances to police  
          stations, ambulance companies and acute care hospitals across  
          the state would be subject to the prohibition.  Additionally, by  
          broadly designating these areas as no parking zones and simply  
          authorizing the local jurisdiction to erect signage or identify  
          the areas with curb markings, this bill could create a situation  
          whereby citations can be issued to persons who, unknowingly,  
          violate these provisions.  To address this concern, the author  
          has proposed to take amendments in committee that would:





          1)Require that local jurisdictions adopt an ordinance  
            designating the prohibition against stopping, parking, or  
            leaving a vehicle standing within 15 feet of a driveway that  
            is used by emergency vehicles owned or operated by a police  
            department, general acute care hospital, or ambulance service  







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            provider; 



          2)Provide that the prohibition not apply to vehicles owned by a  
            police department, general acute care hospital, or ambulance  
            service provider provided that the vehicle is clearly marked,  
            as specified; and, 



          3)Require that the local jurisdiction, upon the passage of an  
            ordinance prohibiting parking, stopping or standing within 15  
            feet of a driveway owned or operated by a police department,  
            general acute care hospital, or ambulance service provider,  
            that appropriate curb markings and signs be installed  
            delineating the areas to alert the motorists of the  
            restriction.



          With the amendments, local jurisdictions would be authorized to  
          restrict parking, stopping, and standing of vehicles at driveway  
          entrances to these facilities that are used by emergency  
          vehicles and that motorists are duly notified of the prohibition  
          using signs and curb markings.     





          Writing in support of AB 2491, the California Sheriffs'  
          Association asserts that existing law rightly prohibits the  
          stopping, parking, or standing of any vehicle within 15 feet of  
          a fire station driveway entrance.  They contend that it stands  
          to reason that this prohibition be expanded to other facilities,  
          such as police stations and hospitals, where clear access is  
          needed to ensure timely response of emergency vehicles. 









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          REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION:




          Support


          California Sheriffs' Association


          Peace Officers Research Association of California


          South Robertson Neighborhood Council




          Opposition


          None on file




          Analysis Prepared by:Victoria Alvarez / TRANS. / (916) 319-2093
















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