BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                    AB 2505


                                                                    Page  1





          Date of Hearing:  April 13, 2016


                        ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS


                               Lorena Gonzalez, Chair


          AB  
          2505 (Quirk) - As Introduced February 19, 2016


           ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
          |Policy       |Public Safety                  |Vote:|7 - 0        |
          |Committee:   |                               |     |             |
          |             |                               |     |             |
          |             |                               |     |             |
          |-------------+-------------------------------+-----+-------------|
          |             |                               |     |             |
          |             |                               |     |             |
          |             |                               |     |             |
           ----------------------------------------------------------------- 


          Urgency:  No  State Mandated Local Program:  YesReimbursable:   
          No


          SUMMARY:


          This bill prohibits the use of carbon dioxide to euthanize an  
          animal.  

          FISCAL EFFECT:


          This bill creates a new misdemeanor.  Local costs for  








                                                                    AB 2505


                                                                    Page  2





          incarceration are nonreimbursable, but are offset to a degree by  
          fee revenue. 


          COMMENTS:


          1)Background.  Current law, prohibits the killing of any animal  
            by using: a) carbon monoxide gas, or b) an intracardiac  
            injection of a euthanasia agent on a conscious animal, unless  
            the animal is heavily sedated or anesthetized in a humane  
            manner, or comatose, or unless, in light of all the relevant  
            circumstances, the procedure is justifiable.  Furthermore,  
            with respect to the killing of any dog or cat, no person,  
            peace officer, officer of a humane society, or officer of a  
            pound or animal regulation department of a public agency is  
            also prohibited from using: a) high-altitude decompression  
            chamber, or b) nitrogen gas.

          2)Purpose.  According to the author, "The use of carbon dioxide  
            (CO2) to euthanize dogs and cats is cost prohibitive,  
            inhumane, dangerous, and unnecessary. However, due to a  
            loophole in existing law, it is still legal to continue this  
            practice.  AB 2505 will close the loophole in current law and  
            prohibit the use of CO2 when euthanizing dogs and cats in  
            California.

          3)Support:  According to The Humane Society of the United  
            States, "AB 2505 is necessary to close that loophole and  
            ensure no one in California uses carbon dioxide to kill dogs  
            and cats. "Recent evidence suggests that carbon dioxide causes  
            even more pain and distress than carbon monoxide; humans  
            describe the effects of carbon dioxide exposure as  
            excruciating. In fact, carbon dioxide exposure is so painful  
            and distressing that starving laboratory animals will actually  
            forgo food when offered in a chamber containing the gas."

          4)Prior Legislation:  
          AB 1426 (Liu), Chapter 652, Statutes of 2006, prohibited the  








                                                                    AB 2505


                                                                    Page  3





            killing any animal by means of an intracardiac injection of a  
            euthanasia agent on a conscious animal, unless the animal is  
            heavily sedated or anesthetized in a humane manner, or  
            comatose, or unless, in light of all the relevant  
            circumstances, the procedure is justifiable. 

          Analysis Prepared by:Pedro Reyes / APPR. / (916)  
          319-2081