BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                    AB 2732


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          GOVERNOR'S VETO


          AB  
          2732 (Chang and Low)


          As Enrolled  August 31, 2016


          2/3 vote


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          |ASSEMBLY:  |79-0  |(May 5, 2016)  |SENATE: |38-0  |(August 16,      |
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          |ASSEMBLY:  |79-0  |(August 23,    |        |      |                 |
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          Original Committee Reference:  HIGHER ED.


          SUMMARY:  Requires the California State University (CSU)  
          Trustees and requests the University of California (UC) Regents,  
          to provide, as part of established campus orientations,  
          educational and preventive information about cyberbullying to  
          students at all campuses of their respective segments.  









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          The Senate amendments make minor technical changes and add  
          co-authors.


          EXISTING LAW:  


          1)Stipulates the policy of the State of California, as  
            specified, that all persons, regardless of their sex, should  
            enjoy freedom from discrimination of any kind in the  
            postsecondary educational institution of the state; and, that  
            students shall be provided notification of the prohibition  
            against sexual harassment as a form of sexual discrimination  
            and to provided notification of available remedies (Education  
            Code Section (EDC) 66281.5).


          2)Requires the governing board of each community college  
            district and the CSU Trustees, and request the UC Regents to,  
            in collaboration with campus-based and community-based victim  
            advocacy organizations, provide, as part of established campus  
            orientations, educational and preventive information about  
            sexual violence to students at all campuses of their  
            respective segments; and, specifies that for a campus with an  
            existing on-campus orientation program, this information shall  
            be provided, in addition to the sexual harassment information  
            required to be provided, as specified, during the regular  
            orientation for incoming students (EDC 67385.7).


          FISCAL EFFECT:  According to the Senate Appropriations  
          Committee, pursuant to Senate Rule 28.8, negligible state costs.


          COMMENTS:  Background.  According to a February 2015 report, by  
          the National Center for Biotechnology Information, entitled,  
          "Cyberbullying, depression, and problem alcohol use in female  
          college students:  a multisite study," found that cyberbullying  








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          and its effects have been studied largely in middle and high  
          school students, but less is known about cyberbullying in  
          college students.  The researchers performed a cross-sectional  
          study investigating the relationship between involvement in  
          cyberbullying and depression or problem alcohol use among  
          college females.  The study found that college-age females are  
          just as likely to suffer the negative effects of cyberbullying  
          as younger adolescents.


          Additionally, based on information provided by the author, with  
          college confession pages and apps that allow anonymous posting,  
          cyberbullying is gaining momentum without people even realizing  
          it because it has been glorified; in certain contexts, it is  
          used as entertainment.  Furthermore, cyberbullying has been  
          linked to a markedly increased risk for depression and alcohol  
          use in college students.


          Need for the measure.  According to the author, cyberbullying  
          has been linked to suicide, alcoholism, and depression in  
          college students.  The author states, "Students are already  
          undergoing a tremendous transition as they have just entered  
          into adulthood, and many are away from home for the first time."  
           The author argues that college-aged students should receive  
          training on cyberbullying while they attend a UC or CSU.


          This measure will equip students with preventative information  
          should they find themselves in a harmful cyberbullying  
          situation.  Additionally, this measure provides that students  
          are aware of their options by including educational information  
          about cyberbullying during campus orientation.


          Current practices of the UC and CSU.  The UC and CSU continue to  
          provide in-depth orientation for students in sexual harassment  
          and assault, but presently, Committee staff understands that  
          most of the campuses do not currently provide information  








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          regarding cyberbullying during their orientation for students.  


          Efforts in other states.  The State of New Jersey has passed  
          legislation that adds cyberbullying to the definition of  
          harassment, intimidation or bullying and providing notice to  
          students at their postsecondary institutions of higher learning.


          Additionally, there is federal movement to provide more guidance  
          to college-aged students regarding cyberbullying and its  
          negative effects.


          GOVERNOR'S VETO MESSAGE:


               This bill would require the California State  
               University Trustees to provide educational and  
               preventative information about cyberbullying to  
               students, as part of campus orientations, and request  
               the Regents of the University of California to do the  
               same.


               There is little doubt that the proliferation of  
               technology has generated new concerns and new forms of  
               bullying and harassment.  State law, however, already  
               requires governing boards of public postsecondary  
               institutions to adopt and publish policies on  
               harassment and bullying.


               It is common sense for institutions to include the  
               most current and relevant issues in these policies and  
               educate students during orientation.  I believe that  
               cyberbullying and other pertinent issues can be  
               adequately covered without an additional specification  
               in law.








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          Analysis Prepared by:                                             
                          Jeanice Warden / HIGHER ED. / (916) 319-3960   
          FN: 0005084