BILL NUMBER: AB 2828	INTRODUCED
	BILL TEXT


INTRODUCED BY   Assembly Member Chau

                        FEBRUARY 19, 2016

   An act to amend Sections 1798.29 and 1798.82 of the Civil Code,
relating to personal information.


	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   AB 2828, as introduced, Chau. Personal information: privacy:
breach.
   Existing law requires a person or business conducting business in
California and any agency, as defined, that owns or licenses
computerized data that includes personal information, as defined, to
disclose a breach in the security of the data to a resident of
California whose unencrypted personal information was, or is
reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized person
in the most expedient time possible and without unreasonable delay,
as specified.
   This bill would also require a person or business conducting
business in California, and any agency, that owns or licenses
computerized data that includes personal information to disclose a
breach of the security of the data to a resident of California whose
encrypted personal information was, or is reasonably believed to have
been, acquired by an unauthorized person if the encryption key or
security credential, as defined, has, or is reasonably believed to
have been, acquired by an unauthorized person at any time before or
after the breach of security of the data.
   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes.
State-mandated local program: no.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  Section 1798.29 of the Civil Code is amended to read:
   1798.29.  (a) Any agency that owns or licenses computerized data
that includes personal information shall disclose any breach of the
security of the system following discovery or notification of the
breach in the security of the data to any resident of California
whose unencrypted personal information was, or is reasonably believed
to have been, acquired by an unauthorized  person. 
 person, or, if the encryption key or security credential has,
or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized
person at any time before or after the breach of security of the
data, to a resident of California whose encrypted personal
information was, or is reasonably believed   to have been,
acquired by an unauthorized person.  The disclosure shall be
made in the most expedient time possible and without unreasonable
delay, consistent with the legitimate needs of law enforcement, as
provided in subdivision (c), or any measures necessary to determine
the scope of the breach and restore the reasonable integrity of the
data system.
   (b) Any agency that maintains computerized data that includes
personal information that the agency does not own shall notify the
owner or licensee of the information of any breach of the security of
the data immediately following discovery, if the personal
information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by
an unauthorized person.
   (c) The notification required by this section may be delayed if a
law enforcement agency determines that the notification will impede a
criminal investigation. The notification required by this section
shall be made after the law enforcement agency determines that it
will not compromise the investigation.
   (d) Any agency that is required to issue a security breach
notification pursuant to this section shall meet all of the following
requirements:
   (1) The security breach notification shall be written in plain
language, shall be titled "Notice of Data Breach," and shall present
the information described in paragraph (2) under the following
headings: "What Happened," "What Information Was Involved," "What We
Are Doing," "What You Can Do," and "For More Information." Additional
information may be provided as a supplement to the notice.
   (A) The format of the notice shall be designed to call attention
to the nature and significance of the information it contains.
   (B) The title and headings in the notice shall be clearly and
conspicuously displayed.
   (C) The text of the notice and any other notice provided pursuant
to this section shall be no smaller than 10-point type.
   (D) For a written notice described in paragraph (1) of subdivision
(i), use of the model security breach notification form prescribed
below or use of the headings described in this paragraph with the
information described in paragraph (2), written in plain language,
shall be deemed to be in compliance with this subdivision.
+---------------------------------------------------+
|(NAME OF INSTITUTION / LOGO)    Date: (insert date)|
|                                                   |
+---------------------------------------------------+
|               NOTICE OF DATA BREACH               |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|     What    |                                     |
|  Happened?  |                                     |
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|     What    |                                     |
| Information |                                     |
|Was Involved?|                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|             |                                     |
| What We Are |                                     |
|    Doing.   |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
| What You Can|                                     |
|     Do.     |                                     |
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|Other Important Information.                       |
|(insert other important information)               |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
|For More     |Call (telephone number) or go to     |
|Information. |(Internet Web site)                  |
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+



   (E) For an electronic notice described in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (i), use of the headings described in this paragraph with
the information described in paragraph (2), written in plain
language, shall be deemed to be in compliance with this subdivision.
   (2) The security breach notification described in paragraph (1)
shall include, at a minimum, the following information:
   (A) The name and contact information of the reporting agency
subject to this section.
   (B) A list of the types of personal information that were or are
reasonably believed to have been the subject of a breach.
   (C) If the information is possible to determine at the time the
notice is provided, then any of the following: (i) the date of the
breach, (ii) the estimated date of the breach, or (iii) the date
range within which the breach occurred. The notification shall also
include the date of the notice.
   (D) Whether the notification was delayed as a result of a law
enforcement investigation, if that information is possible to
determine at the time the notice is provided.
   (E) A general description of the breach incident, if that
information is possible to determine at the time the notice is
provided.
   (F) The toll-free telephone numbers and addresses of the major
credit reporting agencies, if the breach exposed a social security
number or a driver's license or California identification card
number.
   (3) At the discretion of the agency, the security breach
notification may also include any of the following:
   (A) Information about what the agency has done to protect
individuals whose information has been breached.
   (B) Advice on steps that the person whose information has been
breached may take to protect himself or herself.
   (e) Any agency that is required to issue a security breach
notification pursuant to this section to more than 500 California
residents as a result of a single breach of the security system shall
electronically submit a single sample copy of that security breach
notification, excluding any personally identifiable information, to
the Attorney General. A single sample copy of a security breach
notification shall not be deemed to be within subdivision (f) of
Section 6254 of the Government Code.
   (f) For purposes of this section, "breach of the security of the
system" means unauthorized acquisition of computerized data that
compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of personal
information maintained by the agency. Good faith acquisition of
personal information by an employee or agent of the agency for the
purposes of the agency is not a breach of the security of the system,
provided that the personal information is not used or subject to
further unauthorized disclosure.
   (g) For purposes of this section, "personal information" means
either of the following:
   (1) An individual's first name or first initial and last name in
combination with any one or more of the following data elements, when
either the name or the data elements are not encrypted:
   (A) Social security number.
   (B) Driver's license number or California identification card
number.
   (C) Account number, credit or debit card number, in combination
with any required security code, access code, or password that would
permit access to an individual's financial account.
   (D) Medical information.
   (E) Health insurance information.
   (F) Information or data collected through the use or operation of
an automated license plate recognition system, as defined in Section
1798.90.5.
   (2) A user name or email address, in combination with a password
or security question and answer that would permit access to an online
account.
   (h) (1) For purposes of this section, "personal information" does
not include publicly available information that is lawfully made
available to the general public from federal, state, or local
government records.
   (2) For purposes of this section, "medical information" means any
information regarding an individual's medical history, mental or
physical condition, or medical treatment or diagnosis by a health
care professional.
   (3) For purposes of this section, "health insurance information"
means an individual's health insurance policy number or subscriber
identification number, any unique identifier used by a health insurer
to identify the individual, or any information in an individual's
application and claims history, including any appeals records.
   (4) For purposes of this section, "encrypted" means rendered
unusable, unreadable, or indecipherable to an unauthorized person
through a security technology or methodology generally accepted in
the field of information security.
   (i) For purposes of this section, "notice" may be provided by one
of the following methods:
   (1) Written notice.
   (2) Electronic notice, if the notice provided is consistent with
the provisions regarding electronic records and signatures set forth
in Section 7001 of Title 15 of the United States Code.
   (3) Substitute notice, if the agency demonstrates that the cost of
providing notice would exceed two hundred fifty thousand dollars
($250,000), or that the affected class of subject persons to be
notified exceeds 500,000, or the agency does not have sufficient
contact information. Substitute notice shall consist of all of the
following:
   (A) Email notice when the agency has an email address for the
subject persons.
   (B) Conspicuous posting, for a minimum of 30 days, of the notice
on the agency's Internet Web site page, if the agency maintains one.
For purposes of this subparagraph, conspicuous posting on the agency'
s Internet Web site means providing a link to the notice on the home
page or first significant page after entering the Internet Web site
that is in larger type than the surrounding text, or in contrasting
type, font, or color to the surrounding text of the same size, or set
off from the surrounding text of the same size by symbols or other
marks that call attention to the link.
   (C) Notification to major statewide media and the Office of
Information Security within the Department of Technology.
   (4) In the case of a breach of the security of the system
involving personal information defined in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (g) for an online account, and no other personal
information defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (g), the agency
may comply with this section by providing the security breach
notification in electronic or other form that directs the person
whose personal information has been breached to promptly change his
or her password and security question or answer, as applicable, or to
take other steps appropriate to protect the online account with the
agency and all other online accounts for which the person uses the
same user name or email address and password or security question or
answer.
   (5) In the case of a breach of the security of the system
involving personal information defined in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (g) for login credentials of an email account furnished
by the agency, the agency shall not comply with this section by
providing the security breach notification to that email address, but
may, instead, comply with this section by providing notice by
another method described in this subdivision or by clear and
conspicuous notice delivered to the resident online when the resident
is connected to the online account from an Internet Protocol address
or online location from which the agency knows the resident
customarily accesses the account.
   (j) Notwithstanding subdivision (i), an agency that maintains its
own notification procedures as part of an information security policy
for the treatment of personal information and is otherwise
consistent with the timing requirements of this part shall be deemed
to be in compliance with the notification requirements of this
section if it notifies subject persons in accordance with its
policies in the event of a breach of security of the system.
   (k) Notwithstanding the exception specified in paragraph (4) of
subdivision (b) of Section 1798.3, for purposes of this section,
"agency" includes a local agency, as defined in subdivision (a) of
Section 6252 of the Government Code. 
   (l) For purposes of this section, "encryption key" and "security
credential" mean any information that could be used by an
unauthorized person to access or decrypt encrypted personal
information contained in a data system. 
  SEC. 2.  Section 1798.82 of the Civil Code is amended to read:
   1798.82.  (a) A person or business that conducts business in
California, and that owns or licenses computerized data that includes
personal information, shall disclose a breach of the security of the
system following discovery or notification of the breach in the
security of the data to a resident of California whose unencrypted
personal information was, or is reasonably believed to have been,
acquired by an unauthorized  person.   person,
or, if the encryption key or security credential has, or is
reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized person
at any time before or after the breach of security of the data, to a
resident of California whose encrypted   personal
information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by
an unauthorized person.  The disclosure shall be made in the
most expedient time possible and without unreasonable delay,
consistent with the legitimate needs of law enforcement, as provided
in subdivision (c), or any measures necessary to determine the scope
of the breach and restore the reasonable integrity of the data
system.
   (b) A person or business that maintains computerized data that
includes personal information that the person or business does not
own shall notify the owner or licensee of the information of the
breach of the security of the data immediately following discovery,
if the personal information was, or is reasonably believed to have
been, acquired by an unauthorized person.
   (c) The notification required by this section may be delayed if a
law enforcement agency determines that the notification will impede a
criminal investigation. The notification required by this section
shall be made promptly after the law enforcement agency determines
that it will not compromise the investigation.
   (d) A person or business that is required to issue a security
breach notification pursuant to this section shall meet all of the
following requirements:
   (1) The security breach notification shall be written in plain
language, shall be titled "Notice of Data Breach," and shall present
the information described in paragraph (2) under the following
headings: "What Happened," "What Information Was Involved," "What We
Are Doing," "What You Can Do," and "For More Information." Additional
information may be provided as a supplement to the notice.
   (A) The format of the notice shall be designed to call attention
to the nature and significance of the information it contains.
   (B) The title and headings in the notice shall be clearly and
conspicuously displayed.
   (C) The text of the notice and any other notice provided pursuant
to this section shall be no smaller than 10-point type.
   (D) For a written notice described in paragraph (1) of subdivision
(j), use of the model security breach notification form prescribed
below or use of the headings described in this paragraph with the
information described in paragraph (2), written in plain language,
shall be deemed to be in compliance with this subdivision.
+---------------------------------------------------+
|(NAME OF INSTITUTION / LOGO)    Date: (insert date)|
|                                                   |
+---------------------------------------------------+
|               NOTICE OF DATA BREACH               |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|     What    |                                     |
|  Happened?  |                                     |
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|     What    |                                     |
| Information |                                     |
|Was Involved?|                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|             |                                     |
| What We Are |                                     |
|    Doing.   |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
| What You Can|                                     |
|     Do.     |                                     |
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|Other Important Information.                       |
|(insert other important information)               |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
|                                                   |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
|For More     |Call (telephone number) or go to     |
|Information. |(Internet Web site)                  |
|             |                                     |
|             |                                     |
+-------------+-------------------------------------+



   (E) For an electronic notice described in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (j), use of the headings described in this paragraph with
the information described in paragraph (2), written in plain
language, shall be deemed to be in compliance with this subdivision.
   (2) The security breach notification described in paragraph (1)
shall include, at a minimum, the following information:
   (A) The name and contact information of the reporting person or
business subject to this section.
   (B) A list of the types of personal information that were or are
reasonably believed to have been the subject of a breach.
   (C) If the information is possible to determine at the time the
notice is provided, then any of the following: (i) the date of the
breach, (ii) the estimated date of the breach, or (iii) the date
range within which the breach occurred. The notification shall also
include the date of the notice.
   (D) Whether notification was delayed as a result of a law
enforcement investigation, if that information is possible to
determine at the time the notice is provided.
   (E) A general description of the breach incident, if that
information is possible to determine at the time the notice is
provided.
   (F) The toll-free telephone numbers and addresses of the major
credit reporting agencies if the breach exposed a social security
number or a driver's license or California identification card
number.
   (G) If the person or business providing the notification was the
source of the breach, an offer to provide appropriate identity theft
prevention and mitigation services, if any, shall be provided at no
cost to the affected person for not less than 12 months along with
all information necessary to take advantage of the offer to any
person whose information was or may have been breached if the breach
exposed or may have exposed personal information defined in
subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (h).
   (3) At the discretion of the person or business, the security
breach notification may also include any of the following:
   (A) Information about what the person or business has done to
protect individuals whose information has been breached.
   (B) Advice on steps that the person whose information has been
breached may take to protect himself or herself.
   (e) A covered entity under the federal Health Insurance
Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1320d et
seq.) will be deemed to have complied with the notice requirements in
subdivision (d) if it has complied completely with Section 13402(f)
of the federal Health Information Technology for Economic and
Clinical Health Act (Public Law 111-5). However, nothing in this
subdivision shall be construed to exempt a covered entity from any
other provision of this section.
   (f) A person or business that is required to issue a security
breach notification pursuant to this section to more than 500
California residents as a result of a single breach of the security
system shall electronically submit a single sample copy of that
security breach notification, excluding any personally identifiable
information, to the Attorney General. A single sample copy of a
security breach notification shall not be deemed to be within
subdivision (f) of Section 6254 of the Government Code.
   (g) For purposes of this section, "breach of the security of the
system" means unauthorized acquisition of computerized data that
compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of personal
information maintained by the person or business. Good faith
acquisition of personal information by an employee or agent of the
person or business for the purposes of the person or business is not
a breach of the security of the system, provided that the personal
information is not used or subject to further unauthorized
disclosure.
   (h) For purposes of this section, "personal information" means
either of the following:
   (1) An individual's first name or first initial and last name in
combination with any one or more of the following data elements, when
either the name or the data elements are not encrypted:
   (A) Social security number.
   (B) Driver's license number or California identification card
number.
   (C) Account number, credit or debit card number, in combination
with any required security code, access code, or password that would
permit access to an individual's financial account.
   (D) Medical information.
   (E) Health insurance information.
   (F) Information or data collected through the use or operation of
an automated license plate recognition system, as defined in Section
1798.90.5.
   (2) A user name or email address, in combination with a password
or security question and answer that would permit access to an online
account.
   (i) (1) For purposes of this section, "personal information" does
not include publicly available information that is lawfully made
available to the general public from federal, state, or local
government records.
   (2) For purposes of this section, "medical information" means any
information regarding an individual's medical history, mental or
physical condition, or medical treatment or diagnosis by a health
care professional.
   (3) For purposes of this section, "health insurance information"
means an individual's health insurance policy number or subscriber
identification number, any unique identifier used by a health insurer
to identify the individual, or any information in an individual's
application and claims history, including any appeals records.
   (4) For purposes of this section, "encrypted" means rendered
unusable, unreadable, or indecipherable to an unauthorized person
through a security technology or methodology generally accepted in
the field of information security.
   (j) For purposes of this section, "notice" may be provided by one
of the following methods:
   (1) Written notice.
   (2) Electronic notice, if the notice provided is consistent with
the provisions regarding electronic records and signatures set forth
in Section 7001 of Title 15 of the United States Code.
   (3) Substitute notice, if the person or business demonstrates that
the cost of providing notice would exceed two hundred fifty thousand
dollars ($250,000), or that the affected class of subject persons to
be notified exceeds 500,000, or the person or business does not have
sufficient contact information. Substitute notice shall consist of
all of the following:
   (A) Email notice when the person or business has an email address
for the subject persons.
   (B) Conspicuous posting, for a minimum of 30 days, of the notice
on the Internet Web site page of the person or business, if the
person or business maintains one. For purposes of this subparagraph,
conspicuous posting on the person's or business's Internet Web site
means providing a link to the notice on the home page or first
significant page after entering the Internet Web
                      site that is in larger type than the
surrounding text, or in contrasting type, font, or color to the
surrounding text of the same size, or set off from the surrounding
text of the same size by symbols or other marks that call attention
to the link.
   (C) Notification to major statewide media.
   (4) In the case of a breach of the security of the system
involving personal information defined in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (h) for an online account, and no other personal
information defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (h), the person
or business may comply with this section by providing the security
breach notification in electronic or other form that directs the
person whose personal information has been breached promptly to
change his or her password and security question or answer, as
applicable, or to take other steps appropriate to protect the online
account with the person or business and all other online accounts for
which the person whose personal information has been breached uses
the same user name or email address and password or security question
or answer.
   (5) In the case of a breach of the security of the system
involving personal information defined in paragraph (2) of
subdivision (h) for login credentials of an email account furnished
by the person or business, the person or business shall not comply
with this section by providing the security breach notification to
that email address, but may, instead, comply with this section by
providing notice by another method described in this subdivision or
by clear and conspicuous notice delivered to the resident online when
the resident is connected to the online account from an Internet
Protocol address or online location from which the person or business
knows the resident customarily accesses the account. 
   (k) For purposes of this section, "encryption key" and "security
credential" mean any information that could be used by an
unauthorized person to access or decrypt encrypted personal
information contained in a data system.  
   (k)
    (l)  Notwithstanding subdivision (j), a person or
business that maintains its own notification procedures as part of an
information security policy for the treatment of personal
information and is otherwise consistent with the timing requirements
of this part, shall be deemed to be in compliance with the
notification requirements of this section if the person or business
notifies subject persons in accordance with its policies in the event
of a breach of security of the system.