SB 27, as introduced, Hill. Livestock: use of antibiotics.
Existing law regulates the distribution and use of livestock drugs, as defined, by the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. Existing law also requires a person to obtain a license from the secretary to manufacture, sell, distribute, or store commercial feed, including commercial feed containing drugs.
This bill would prohibit the administration of medically important antimicrobial drugs, as defined, to livestock unless prescribed by a veterinarian pursuant to a veterinarian-client-patient relationship, as specified. The bill would make it unlawful to administer a medically important antimicrobial drug to livestock solely to cause an increased rate of weight gain or improved feed efficiency. The bill would also require the Department of Food and Agriculture to develop a program to track the use of medically important antimicrobial drugs in livestock and to track antibiotic-resistant bacteria and patterns of emerging resistance, and would also require the department, until March 1, 2020, to submit an annual report summarizing that data to the Legislature. The bill would also require the department to adopt regulations to promote the judicious use of medically important antimicrobial drugs in livestock, as specified.
Because a violation of the bill’s provisions would be misdemeanor, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: yes.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 14400)
2is added to Division 7 of the Food and Agricultural Code, to read:
For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions
8(a) “Medically important antimicrobial drug” means an
9antimicrobial drug listed in Appendix A of the federal Food and
10Drug Administration’s Guidance for Industry #152, including
11critically important, highly important, and important antimicrobial
12drugs, as that appendix may be amended.
13(b) “Livestock” has the same meaning as in Section 14205.
A medically important antimicrobial drug shall not be
15administered to livestock unless prescribed by a veterinarian
16pursuant to a veterinarian-client-patient relationship that meets the
17requirements of Section 2032.1 of Title 16 of the California Code
It is unlawful to administer a medically important
20antimicrobial drug to livestock solely to cause an increased rate
21of weight gain or improved feed efficiency.
The department shall develop a program to track the
23use of medically important antimicrobial drugs in livestock and
24to track antibiotic-resistant bacteria and patterns of emerging
25resistance. The program shall include reporting on the
26administration of each medically important antimicrobial drug that
27includes all of the following:
28(a) The type of drug used.
29(b) The number of livestock on which the drug was used.
30(c) The species of the livestock.
P3 1(d) The duration of the administration of the drug.
2(e) The purpose for which the drug was administered.
3(f) The type of disease or infection that was treated.
(a) On or before March 1 of each year, the department
5shall submit a report to the Legislature that summarizes the data
6collected pursuant to Section 14403 for the prior year.
7(b) (1) A report submitted pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be
8submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government
10(2) Pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, this
11section is repealed on March 1, 2020.
(a) The department shall adopt regulations to promote
13the judicious use of medically important antimicrobial drugs in
14livestock to ensure that each animal gets the maximum benefit
15from the drug and help preserve the life-saving potential of the
16drugs in the future. The regulations shall include antibiotic
17stewardship guidelines that include rules on the proper use of
18medically important antimicrobial drugs for disease prevention.
19(b) For purposes of this section, “antibiotic stewardship” is a
20commitment to do both of the following:
21(1) To use medically important antimicrobial drugs only when
22necessary to treat, and, in some cases, prevent, disease.
23(2) To choose the appropriate medically important antimicrobial
24drug, and to administer the drug correctly each time.
A violation of the provisions of this chapter is a
26misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in county jail not
27exceeding six months, a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars
28($1,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment.
No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to
30Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because
31the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school
32district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or
33infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty
34for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of
35the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within
36the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California