BILL NUMBER: SBX2 6	INTRODUCED
	BILL TEXT


INTRODUCED BY   Senator Monning

                        JULY 16, 2015

   An act to amend Section 6404.5 of the Labor Code, relating to
employment.



	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   SB 6, as introduced, Monning. Smoking in the workplace.
   Existing law prohibits smoking of tobacco products inside an
enclosed space, as defined, at a place of employment. The violation
of the prohibition against smoking in enclosed spaces of places of
employment is an infraction punishable by a specified fine.
   This bill would expand the prohibition on smoking in a place of
employment to include an owner-operated business, as defined.
   This bill would also eliminate most of the specified exemptions
that permit smoking in certain work environments, such as hotel
lobbies, bars and taverns, tobacco shops, banquet rooms, warehouse
facilities, and employee break rooms.
   By expanding the scope of an infraction, this bill would impose a
state-mandated local program.
   The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local
agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the
state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that
reimbursement.
   This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this
act for a specified reason.
   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes.
State-mandated local program: yes.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  Section 6404.5 of the Labor Code is amended to read:
   6404.5.  (a) The Legislature finds and declares that regulation of
smoking in the workplace is a matter of statewide interest and
concern. It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this section
to prohibit the smoking of tobacco products in all (100 percent of)
enclosed places of employment in this state, as covered by this
section, thereby eliminating the need of local governments to enact
workplace smoking restrictions within their respective jurisdictions.
It is further the intent of the Legislature to create a uniform
statewide standard to restrict and prohibit the smoking of tobacco
products in enclosed places of employment, as specified in this
section, in order to reduce employee exposure to environmental
tobacco smoke to a level that will prevent anything other than
insignificantly harmful effects to exposed employees, and also to
eliminate the confusion and hardship that can result from enactment
or enforcement of disparate local workplace smoking restrictions.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, it is the intent
of the Legislature that any area not defined as a "place of
employment" pursuant to subdivision  (d) or in which the
smoking of tobacco products is not regulated pursuant to subdivision
 (e) shall be subject to local regulation of smoking of
tobacco products. 
   (b) For purposes of this section, an "owner-operated business"
shall mean a business having no employees, independent contractors,
or volunteers, in which the owner-operator of the business is the
only worker. "Enclosed space" includes covered parking lots, lobbies,
lounges, waiting areas, elevators, stairwells, and restrooms that
are a structural part of the building and not specifically defined in
subdivision (e).  
   (b) 
    (c)  No employer  or owner-operated business 
shall knowingly or intentionally permit, and no person shall engage
in, the smoking of tobacco products  in an enclosed space
 at a place of  employment or in an enclosed space.
  "Enclosed space" includes lobbies, lounges, waiting
areas, elevators, stairwells, and restrooms that are a structural
part of the building and not specifically defined in subdivision (d).
 
   (c) 
    (d)  For purposes of this section, an employer  or
owner-operated business  who permits any nonemployee access to
his or her place of employment  or owner-operated business 
on a regular basis has not acted knowingly or intentionally in
violation of this section if he or she has taken the following
reasonable steps to prevent smoking by a nonemployee:
   (1) Posted clear and prominent signs, as follows:
   (A) Where smoking is prohibited throughout the building or
structure, a sign stating "No smoking" shall be posted at each
entrance to the building or structure.
   (B) Where smoking is permitted in designated areas of the building
or structure, a sign stating "Smoking is prohibited except in
designated areas" shall be posted at each entrance to the building or
structure.
   (2) Has requested, when appropriate, that a nonemployee who is
smoking refrain from smoking in the enclosed  workplace.
  workplace or owner-operated business. 
   For purposes of this subdivision, "reasonable steps" does not
include (A) the physical ejection of a nonemployee from the place of
employment or (B) any requirement for making a request to a
nonemployee to refrain from smoking, under circumstances involving a
risk of physical harm to the employer or any  employee.
  employee or owner-operator.  
   (d) 
    (e)  For purposes of this section, "place of employment"
does not include any of the following:
   (1)  Sixty-five   Twenty  percent of the
guestroom accommodations in a hotel, motel, or similar transient
lodging establishment. 
   (2) Areas of the lobby in a hotel, motel, or other similar
transient lodging establishment designated for smoking by the
establishment. An establishment may permit smoking in a designated
lobby area that does not exceed 25 percent of the total floor area of
the lobby or, if the total area of the lobby is 2,000 square feet or
less, that does not exceed 50 percent of the total floor area of the
lobby. For purposes of this paragraph, "lobby" means the common
public area of an establishment in which registration and other
similar or related transactions, or both, are conducted and in which
the establishment's guests and members of the public typically
congregate.  
   (3) Meeting and banquet rooms in a hotel, motel, other transient
lodging establishment similar to a hotel or motel, restaurant, or
public convention center, except while food or beverage functions are
taking place, including setup, service, and cleanup activities, or
when the room is being used for exhibit purposes. At times when
smoking is not permitted in a meeting or banquet room pursuant to
this paragraph, the establishment may permit smoking in corridors and
prefunction areas adjacent to and serving the meeting or banquet
room if no employee is stationed in that corridor or area on other
than a passing basis.  
   (4) Retail or wholesale tobacco shops and private smokers'
lounges. For purposes of this paragraph:  
   (A) "Private smokers' lounge" means any enclosed area in or
attached to a retail or wholesale tobacco shop that is dedicated to
the use of tobacco products, including, but not limited to, cigars
and pipes.  
   (B) "Retail or wholesale tobacco shop" means any business
establishment the main purpose of which is the sale of tobacco
products, including, but not limited to, cigars, pipe tobacco, and
smoking accessories.  
   (5) 
    (2)  Cabs of motortrucks, as defined in Section 410 of
the Vehicle Code, or truck tractors, as defined in Section 655 of the
Vehicle Code, if no nonsmoking employees are present. 
   (6) Warehouse facilities. For purposes of this paragraph,
"warehouse facility" means a warehouse facility with more than
100,000 square feet of total floorspace, and 20 or fewer full-time
employees working at the facility, but does not include any area
within a facility that is utilized as office space. 

   (7) Gaming clubs, in which smoking is permitted by subdivision
(f). For purposes of this paragraph, "gaming club" means any gaming
club, as defined in Section 19802 of the Business and Professions
Code, or bingo facility, as defined in Section 326.5 of the Penal
Code, that restricts access to minors under 18 years of age.
 
   (8) Bars and taverns, in which smoking is permitted by subdivision
(f). For purposes of this paragraph, "bar" or "tavern" means a
facility primarily devoted to the serving of alcoholic beverages for
consumption by guests on the premises, in which the serving of food
is incidental. "Bar or tavern" includes those facilities located
within a hotel, motel, or other similar transient occupancy
establishment. However, when located within a building in conjunction
with another use, including a restaurant, "bar" or "tavern" includes
only those areas used primarily for the sale and service of
alcoholic beverages. "Bar" or "tavern" does not include the dining
areas of a restaurant, regardless of whether alcoholic beverages are
served therein.  
   (9) 
    (3)  Theatrical production sites, if smoking is an
integral part of the story in the theatrical production. 
   (10) 
    (4)  Medical research or treatment sites, if smoking is
integral to the research and treatment being conducted. 
   (11) 
    (5)  Private residences, except for private residences
licensed as family day care homes, where smoking is prohibited
pursuant to Section 1596.795 of the Health and Safety Code. 
   (12) 
    (6)  Patient smoking areas in long-term health care
facilities, as defined in Section 1418 of the Health and Safety Code.

   (13) Breakrooms designated by employers for smoking, provided that
all of the following conditions are met:  
   (A) Air from the smoking room shall be exhausted directly to the
outside by an exhaust fan. Air from the smoking room shall not be
recirculated to other parts of the building.  
   (B) The employer shall comply with any ventilation standard or
other standard utilizing appropriate technology, including, but not
limited to, mechanical, electronic, and biotechnical systems, adopted
by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board or the federal
Environmental Protection Agency. If both adopt inconsistent
standards, the ventilation standards of the Occupational Safety and
Health Standards Board shall be no less stringent than the standards
adopted by the federal Environmental Protection Agency. 

   (C) The smoking room shall be located in a nonwork area where no
one, as part of his or her work responsibilities, is required to
enter. For purposes of this subparagraph, "work responsibilities"
does not include any custodial or maintenance work carried out in the
breakroom when it is unoccupied.  
   (D) There are sufficient nonsmoking breakrooms to accommodate
nonsmokers.  
   (14) Employers with a total of five or fewer employees, either
full time or part time, may permit smoking where all of the following
conditions are met:  
   (A) The smoking area is not accessible to minors. 

   (B) All employees who enter the smoking area consent to permit
smoking. No one, as part of his or her work responsibilities, shall
be required to work in an area where smoking is permitted. An
employer who is determined by the division to have used coercion to
obtain consent or who has required an employee to work in the smoking
area shall be subject to the penalty provisions of Section 6427.
 
   (C) Air from the smoking area shall be exhausted directly to the
outside by an exhaust fan. Air from the smoking area shall not be
recirculated to other parts of the building.  
   (D) The employer shall comply with any ventilation standard or
other standard utilizing appropriate technology, including, but not
limited to, mechanical, electronic, and biotechnical systems, adopted
by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board or the federal
Environmental Protection Agency. If both adopt inconsistent
standards, the ventilation standards of the Occupational Safety and
Health Standards Board shall be no less stringent than the standards
adopted by the federal Environmental Protection Agency. 

   This paragraph shall not be construed to (i) supersede or render
inapplicable any condition or limitation on smoking areas made
applicable to specific types of business establishments by any other
paragraph of this subdivision or (ii) apply in lieu of any otherwise
applicable paragraph of this subdivision that has become inoperative.
 
   (e) Paragraphs (13) and (14) of subdivision (d) shall not be
construed to require employers to provide reasonable accommodation to
smokers, or to provide breakrooms for smokers or nonsmokers.
 
   (f) (1) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, smoking
may be permitted in gaming clubs, as defined in paragraph (7) of
subdivision (d), and in bars and taverns, as defined in paragraph (8)
of subdivision (d), until the earlier of the following: 

   (A) January 1, 1998.  
   (B) The date of adoption of a regulation (i) by the Occupational
Safety and Health Standards Board reducing the permissible employee
exposure level to environmental tobacco smoke to a level that will
prevent anything other than insignificantly harmful effects to
exposed employees or (ii) by the federal Environmental Protection
Agency establishing a standard for reduction of permissible exposure
to environmental tobacco smoke to an exposure level that will prevent
anything other than insignificantly harmful effects to exposed
persons.  
   (2) If a regulation specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1)
is adopted on or before January 1, 1998, smoking may thereafter be
permitted in gaming clubs and in bars and taverns, subject to full
compliance with, or conformity to, the standard in the regulation
within two years following the date of adoption of the regulation. An
employer failing to achieve compliance with, or conformity to, the
regulation within this two-year period shall prohibit smoking in the
gaming club, bar, or tavern until compliance or conformity is
achieved. If the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board and
the federal Environmental Protection Agency both adopt regulations
specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) that are inconsistent,
the regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards
Board shall be no less stringent than the regulations of the federal
Environmental Protection Agency.  
   (3) If a regulation specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1)
is not adopted on or before January 1, 1998, the exemptions
specified in paragraphs (7) and (8) of subdivision (d) shall become
inoperative on and after January 1, 1998, until a regulation is
adopted. Upon adoption of such a regulation on or after January 1,
1998, smoking may thereafter be permitted in gaming clubs and in bars
and taverns, subject to full compliance with, or conformity to, the
standard in the regulation within two years following the date of
adoption of the regulation. An employer failing to achieve compliance
with, or conformity to, the regulation within this two-year period
shall prohibit smoking in the gaming club, bar, or tavern until
compliance or conformity is achieved. If the Occupational Safety and
Health Standards Board and the federal Environmental Protection
Agency both adopt regulations specified in subparagraph (B) of
paragraph (1) that are inconsistent, the regulations of the
Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall be no less
stringent than the regulations of the federal Environmental
Protection Agency.  
   (4) From January 1, 1997, to December 31, 1997, inclusive, smoking
may be permitted in gaming clubs, as defined in paragraph (7) of
subdivision (d), and in bars and taverns, as defined in paragraph (8)
of subdivision (d), subject to both of the following conditions:
 
   (A) If practicable, the gaming club or bar or tavern shall
establish a designated nonsmoking area.  
   (B) If feasible, no employee shall be required, in the performance
of ordinary work responsibilities, to enter any area in which
smoking is permitted.  
   (g) 
    (f)  The smoking prohibition set forth in this section
shall constitute a uniform statewide standard for regulating the
smoking of tobacco products in enclosed places of employment  and
owner-   operated businesses  and shall supersede and
render unnecessary the local enactment or enforcement of local
ordinances regulating the smoking of tobacco products in enclosed
places of  employment.   employment and owner-
  operated businesses.  Insofar as the smoking
prohibition set forth in this section is applicable to all
(100-percent) places of employment  and owner-  
operated businesses  within this state and, therefore, provides
the maximum degree of coverage, the practical effect of this section
is to eliminate the need of local governments to enact enclosed
workplace smoking restrictions within their respective jurisdictions.

   (h) 
    (g)  Nothing in this section shall prohibit an employer
 or owner-   operated business  from prohibiting
smoking in an enclosed place of employment  or owner-operated
business  for any reason. 
   (i) 
    (h)  The enactment of local regulation of smoking of
tobacco products in enclosed places of employment  or
owner-operated businesses  by local governments shall be
suspended only for as long as, and to the extent that, the
(100-percent) smoking prohibition provided for in this section
remains in effect. In the event this section is repealed or modified
by subsequent legislative or judicial action so that the
(100-percent) smoking prohibition is no longer applicable to all
enclosed places of employment  and owner-operated businesses
 in California, local governments shall have the full right and
authority to enforce previously enacted, and to enact and enforce
new, restrictions on the smoking of tobacco products in enclosed
places of employment  and owner-operated businesses  within
their jurisdictions, including a complete prohibition of smoking.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any area not
defined as a "place of employment" or in which smoking is not
regulated pursuant to subdivision (d) or  (e), shall
be subject to local regulation of smoking of tobacco products.

   (j) 
    (i)  Any violation of the prohibition set forth in
subdivision  (b)   (c)  is an infraction,
punishable by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100) for a
first violation, two hundred dollars ($200) for a second violation
within one year, and five hundred dollars ($500) for a third and for
each subsequent violation within one year. This subdivision shall be
enforced by local law enforcement agencies, including, but not
limited to, local health departments, as determined by the local
governing body. 
   (k) 
    (j)  Notwithstanding Section 6309, the division 
shall not be   is not  required to respond to any
complaint regarding the smoking of tobacco products in an enclosed
space at a place of employment, unless the employer has been found
guilty pursuant to subdivision  (j)   (i) 
of a third violation of subdivision  (b)   (c)
 within the previous year. 
   (  l  )
    (k)  If any provision of this  act 
 section  or the application thereof to any person or
circumstances is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other
provisions or applications of the  act  
section  that can be given effect without the invalid provision
or application, and to this end the provisions of this  act
  section  are severable.
  SEC. 2.  No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to
Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because
the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school
district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or
infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty
for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the
Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the
meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California
Constitution.