Senate Concurrent ResolutionNo. 127


Introduced by Senators Lara and Pan

April 5, 2016


Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 127—Relative to the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander community.

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

SCR 127, as introduced, Lara. Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander community.

This resolution would recognize the role that Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders have played in the development of California throughout the state’s history and encourage all federal, state, and local organizations to promote the preservation of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander history and culture.

Fiscal committee: no.

P1    1WHEREAS, Making up more than 347,000 community
2members, the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI)
3community in California has one of the largest NHPI populations
4in the United States. In addition, the NHPI population increased
5by 29 percent between 2000 and 2010; and

6WHEREAS, The NHPI community makes up an incredibly
7diverse group comprised of a number of different ethnicities,
8including, but not limited to, Guamanian or Chamorro, Native
9Hawaiian, Marshallese, Fijian, Samoan, and Tongan. Outside of
10Hawaii, California has the largest population of Native Hawaiians,
11numbering 74,932. The second largest NHPI group is Samoan
12with a population of 60,876. Guamanian or Chamorro is the next
13largest NHPI group in California, with a population of 44,425.
14The largest Fijian and Tongan populations in the United States are
P2    1also found in California, with populations of 24,059 and 22,893,
2respectively; and

3WHEREAS, As a result of the Spanish-American War in 1898,
4the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893, and the
5German-American conflict in Samoa in 1899, the United States
6came to assume formal government control of Guam, Hawaii, and
7American Samoa. Because of this, the Chamorros of Guam, the
8Hawaiians of Hawaii, and the Samoans of American Samoa became
9part of the United States. Many Pacific Islander migrants were
10men enlisted in the United States Armed Forces, and others worked
11in various plantation and entertainment industries. Today, these
12Pacific Islanders are American citizens or American nationals; and

13WHEREAS, An influx of NHPIs arrived in California in the
141950s after World War II. Post World War II, military service
15brought Pacific Islanders from the United States territories of
16American Samoa and Guam to California. Ten percent of Native
17Hawaiians and 12 percent of Guamanian or Chamorro Americans
18are veterans, compared to the statewide average of 8 percent.
19Native Hawaiians and Tongans came to California seeking
20economic opportunities, with many Tongans migrating to
21California via American Samoa. Mormon church activities also
22brought Tongan students and other NHPI immigrants to California.
23Many NHPIs initially settled in southern California cities such as
24Carson, Los Angeles, Long Beach, Oceanside, and San Diego,
25while others settled in Sacramento and San Francisco. Most NHPI
26Californians today reside in the greater Sacramento, San Francisco,
27and Los Angeles areas; and

28WHEREAS, The 2010 Census Bureau data shows that NHPIs
29are continuing to become a growing part of our nation’s economy.
30California has the greatest number of NHPI-owned businesses in
31the continental United States. Between 2002 and 2007, the number
32of NHPI-owned businesses increased 30 percent, while the number
33of United States businesses overall increased only 18 percent.
34During that same period, NHPI-owned businesses also saw a
3548-percent increase in revenue, while total business receipts for
36United States businesses increased only 33 percent. Data show
37that about 56 percent of all Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific
38Islander businesses were owned by people of Native Hawaiian
39origin in 2007; Guamanian-owned or Chamorro-owned businesses
40accounted for 10 percent, Samoan-owned businesses accounted
P3    1for 8 percent, and businesses owned by people of Other Pacific
2Islander descent accounted for 25 percent; and

3WHEREAS, The NHPI community faces unique challenges as
4a result of its distinct history and community experience. As a
5result, the NHPI community organized and helped institute an
6update to the federal Office of Management and Budget’s
7Statistical Policy Directive No. 15 in 1997 to establish a specific
8Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander category relative to the
9collection of data; and

10WHEREAS, The Legislature recognized the importance of
11requiring state agencies, boards, or commissions collecting and
12reporting demographic data on major Pacific Islander groups,
13including Hawaiian, Guamanian, Samoan, Tongan, and Fijian in
14Sections 8310.5 and 8310.7 of the Government Code; and

15WHEREAS, While NHPIs represent diverse ethnic, religious,
16and political backgrounds, they all also share similar cultural values
17and norms. These values include a respect and deference for elders,
18appreciation for reciprocal labor and time, and an understanding
19of communal and intergenerational authority; and

20WHEREAS, Preserving our Native Hawaiian and Pacific
21Islander communities throughout California is critical to our state
22history and for the preservation of Native Hawaiian and Pacific
23Islander culture, history, traditions, and other elements of their
24heritage; now, therefore, be it

25Resolved by the Senate of the State of California, the Assembly
26thereof concurring,
That the Legislature recognizes the role that
27Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders have played in the social,
28economic, and political development of California throughout the
29state’s history; and be it further

30Resolved, That the Legislature encourages all federal, state, and
31local organizations to promote the preservation of Native Hawaiian
32and Pacific Islander history and culture, including the preservation
33of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities; and be it
34further

35Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate transmit copies of
36this resolution to the author for appropriate distribution.



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