Senate BillNo. 170

Introduced by Senator Gaines

February 5, 2015

An act to amend Section 46 of the Civil Code, relating to civil law.


SB 170, as introduced, Gaines. Personal rights.

Existing law defines “slander” as a false and unprivileged publication, communicated orally or by radio, mechanical, or other means, which causes specified damages.

This bill would make technical, nonsubstantive changes to this provision.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: no. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P1    1


Section 46 of the Civil Code is amended to read:



Slander is a false and unprivilegedbegin delete publication, orally
3uttered, and also communications by radio or any mechanicalend delete

4begin insert publication communicated orally, or by radio, mechanical,end insert or other
5begin delete meansend deletebegin insert means,end insert whichbegin insert does any of the followingend insert:

begin delete


end delete

7begin insert(a)end insert Chargesbegin delete anyend deletebegin insert aend insert person withbegin insert aend insert crime, or with having been
8indicted, convicted, or punished forbegin delete crime;end deletebegin insert a crime.end insert

begin delete


end delete

10begin insert(b)end insert Imputes in himbegin insert or herend insert the present existence of an infectious,
11contagious, or loathsomebegin delete disease;end deletebegin insert disease.end insert

begin delete


end delete

P2    1begin insert(c)end insert Tends directly to injure himbegin insert or herend insert in respect to hisbegin insert or herend insert
2 office, profession, trade or business, either by imputing to himbegin insert or
3herend insert
general disqualification in those respects which the office or
4other occupation peculiarly requires, or by imputing something
5with reference to hisbegin insert or herend insert office, profession, trade, or business
6that has a natural tendency to lessen itsbegin delete profits;end deletebegin insert profits.end insert

begin delete


end delete

8begin insert(d)end insert Imputes to himbegin insert or herend insert impotence or a want ofbegin delete chastity; orend delete
9begin insert chastity.end insert

begin delete

105. Which, by

end delete

11begin insert(e)end insertbegin insertend insertbegin insertByend insert naturalbegin delete consequence,end deletebegin insert consequenceend insert causes actual damage.