BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

                              Senator Wieckowski, Chair
                                2015 - 2016  Regular 
          Bill No:            SB 350
          |Author:    |de León, Leno                                        |
          |Version:   |2/24/2015              |Hearing      |4/29/2015       |
          |           |                       |Date:        |                |
          |Urgency:   |No                     |Fiscal:      |Yes             |
          |Consultant:|Rebecca Newhouse                                     |
          |           |                                                     |
          SUBJECT:  Clean Energy and Pollution Reduction Act of 2015

          Existing law:  
          1. Provides the California Air Resources Board (ARB) with  
             primary responsibility for control of mobile source air  
             pollution, including adoption of rules for reducing vehicle  
             emissions and the specification of vehicular fuel  
             composition.  (Health and Safety Code §39000 et seq. and  
             §39500 et seq.)

          2. Provides that it is the policy of the state to establish a  
             state transportation energy policy that results in the least  
             environmental and economic cost to the state, and that in  
             pursuing that strategy, it is the policy of the state to  
             exploit all practicable and cost-effective conservation and  
             improvements in the efficiency of energy use and distribution  
             and to achieve energy security, diversity of supply sources,  
             and competitiveness of transportation energy markets based on  
             the least environmental and economic cost. (Public Resources  
             Code §25000.5)

          3. Directs ARB to implement motor vehicle emission standards,  
             in-use performance standards, and motor vehicle fuel  
             specifications for the control of air contaminants and  
             sources of air pollution that ARB finds to be necessary, cost  
             effective, and technologically feasible, unless preempted by  
             federal law. (HSC §43013 et seq.)


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          4. Under the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006,  
             requires ARB to determine the 1990 statewide greenhouse gas  
             (GHG) emissions level and approve a statewide GHG emissions  
             limit that is equivalent to that level, to be achieved by  
             2020, and to adopt GHG emissions reductions measures by  
             regulation.  ARB is authorized to include the use of  
             market-based mechanisms to comply with these regulations.   
             (HSC §38500 et seq.) 

          5. Requires the California Energy Resources Conservation and  
             Development Commission (CEC) to develop and implement a  
             comprehensive program to achieve greater energy savings in  
             the state's existing residential and nonresidential building  
             stock, and requires CEC to periodically update the criteria  
             and adopt any revision necessary to refine program  
             requirement after receiving public input.  (PRC §25943)

          6. Under the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) requires  
             investor-owned utilities (IOUs), publicly owned utilities  
             (POUs) and certain other retail sellers of electricity to  
             achieve 33% of their energy sales from an eligible renewable  
             electrical generation facility by December 31, 2020, and  
             establishes portfolio requirements and a timeline for  
             procurement quantities of three product categories.  (Public  
             Utilities Code §399.11 et seq.)

          This bill:  

          1. Directs the ARB to adopt and implement motor vehicle  
             emissions standards, in-use performance standards, and motor  
             vehicle fuel specifications in furtherance of achieving a 50%  
             reduction in petroleum use in motor vehicles by January 1,  

          2. Provides that in pursuing the least environmental and  
             economic cost strategy, it is the policy of the state to  
             exploit all practicable and cost-effective conservation and  
             improvements in the efficiency of energy use and distribution  
             and to achieve energy security, diversity of supply sources,  
             and competitiveness of transportation energy markets based on  
             the least environmental and economic cost and in furtherance  
             of reducing petroleum use in the transportation sector by 50%  
             by January 1, 2013.  


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          3. Directs CEC, by January 1, 2017, and at least once every  
             three years thereafter, to adopt an update to its  
             comprehensive program for achieving greater energy savings in  
             the state's existing residential and nonresidential building  
             stock in order to achieve a doubling of the energy efficiency  
             of existing buildings by January 1, 2030. 

          4. Directs PUC and CEC to implement the RPS to obtain the target  
             of generating 50% of total retail electricity sales from  
             renewable energy resources by December 31, 2030, and makes  
             other changes regarding RPS requirements and enforcement.


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          1. Climate Change. 

             The fifth assessment report from the Intergovernmental Panel  
             on Climate Change notes that atmospheric concentrations of  
             global warming pollutants have risen to levels unseen in the  
             past 800,000 years.  Carbon dioxide concentrations have  
             increased by 40% since pre-industrial times.  There is broad  
             scientific consensus that these global greenhouse gases  
             (GHGs) emission increases are leading to higher air and water  
             temperatures as well as rising sea levels, with serious  
             consequences for California. 

             2050 GHG goal.  In 2005, Governor Schwarzenegger issued  
             Executive Order S-3-05 and called for GHG emissions  
             reductions to 1990 levels by 2020 and 80% below 1990 levels  
             by 2050. According to the 2008 Scoping Plan, the 2020 goal  
             was designed to be an aggressive but attainable near-term  
             target, and the 2050 goal represented broad scientific  
             consensus of emissions reduction levels necessary for climate  

             ARB reports that studies show that a 45-55% petroleum  
             reduction in 2030 sets California on a path to meet the 2050  
             GHG goals. 

          2. Pollution from Petroleum.

             In addition to contributing to climate change, petroleum use  
             in the state is a major source of toxic and criteria air  
             pollutants.  ARB reports that in California the production,  
             refining, and use of petroleum accounts for 80% of  
             smog-forming pollution and over 95% of diesel particulate  

             Diesel exhaust is a complex mixture of thousands of gases and  
             fine particles (commonly known as soot) that contains more  
             than 40 toxic air contaminants. These include many known or  
             suspected cancer-causing substances, such as benzene, arsenic  
             and formaldehyde. It also contains other harmful pollutants,  
             including nitrogen oxides (a component of smog).


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             Diesel engines are a major source of fine-particle pollution  
             (also called particulate matter or PM).  The elderly and  
             people with emphysema, asthma, and chronic heart and lung  
             disease are especially sensitive to PM. Numerous studies have  
             linked elevated particle levels in the air to increased  
             hospital admissions, emergency room visits, asthma attacks  
             and premature deaths among those suffering from respiratory  
             problems.  Because children's lungs and respiratory systems  
             are still developing, they are also more susceptible than  
             healthy adults to fine particles.  Exposure to PM is  
             associated with increased frequency of childhood illnesses  
             and can also reduce lung function in children. 

             Diesel exhaust and many individual substances contained in it  
             have the potential to contribute to mutations in cells that  
             can lead to cancer.  In fact, long-term exposure to diesel  
             exhaust particles poses the highest cancer risk of any toxic  
             air contaminant evaluated by the Office of Environmental  
             Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA). 

             Smog is formed from the reaction of oxides of nitrogen with  
             volatile organic compounds to produce ground-level ozone, or  
             tropospheric ozone.  Ozone has a number of negative health  
             effects including irritated respiratory system, reduced lung  
             function, aggravated asthma and inflammation and damage of  
             the lining of the lung.  Active children are the group at  
             highest risk from ozone exposure.

             Under the federal Clean Air Act, the US Environmental  
             Protection Agency (US EPA) established National Ambient Air  
             Quality Standards (NAAQS) that apply for outdoor air  
             throughout the country.  These federal standards exist for  
             several air pollutants due to their negative impact on public  
             health above specified concentrations, including ozone,  
             particulate matter, oxides of nitrogen, and oxides of sulfur,  
             carbon monoxide, and lead.  Nonattainment areas are regions  
             that do not meet the national primary or secondary ambient  
             air quality standard for one of those pollutants.  There are  
             several nonattainment designations ranging from  
             concentrations slightly above the standard, termed marginal  
             nonattainment, to extreme nonattainment, where pollution  
             levels far exceed the national standard.  
             On November 25, 2014, the US EPA proposed to strengthen the  


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             current 2008 NAAQS for ground-level ozone, based on extensive  
             scientific evidence about ozone's effects on public health  
             and welfare. US EPA's proposal finds that the current level  
             of the standard, 75 parts per billion, is not adequate to  
             protect public health.

             The San Joaquin and South Coast air basins are both in  
             extreme nonattainment for the 2008 NAAQS for ozone.  States  
             with nonattainment areas would have until 2020 to late 2037  
             to meet the proposed health standard, with attainment dates  
             varying based on the ozone level in the area. 

             According to ARB, in order for the state to meet federal air  
             quality standards, petroleum use must be cut by 50% over the  
             next 15 years. 


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          3. Reducing Petroleum and Diversifying Fuel.

             As the evidence for man-made climate change has mounted over  
             the last few decades, the state has implemented a broad  
             climate portfolio to mitigate global warming impacts by  
             pursuing policies that reduce GHGs.  Because the  
             transportation sector is responsible for 38% of the state's  
             total GHG emissions, much of that portfolio targets GHG  
             emissions from that sector.  These policies include a range  
             of regulatory and incentive programs including reducing GHG  
             emissions through low-carbon fuels, increased fuel  
             efficiency, near-zero and zero-emission vehicles, transit  
             options, and sustainable, transit-oriented communities.   
             Additionally, since the transportation sector contributes 80%  
             of smog-forming gases each year, these policies also have  
             significant cobenefits regarding improved public health  
             outcomes and serve to help the state meet federal and state  
             air quality standards. 

             A.    AB 32: The California Global Warming Solutions Act of  

                In 2006, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32,  
                Núńez and Pavley, Chapter 488, Statutes of 2006)  
                established a statewide GHG emissions goal equivalent to  
                the 1990 level of GHG emissions, to be achieved by 2020.  

                AB 32 Scoping Plan: Major Transportation Measures.

                (1)        Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS).  The LCFS  
                     requires fuel suppliers in the state to meet certain  
                     average annual carbon limitations.  The program  
                     ultimately requires a 10% reduction in the carbon  
                     intensity of a particular fuel by 2020.  The carbon  
                     intensity measures the net carbon emissions of the  
                     entire life-cycle of the fuel, including carbon  
                     emitted during production, refining, and  
                     transportation, and conversion of the fuel to useable  
                     energy.  Fuel suppliers can meet the standard by  
                     reducing the carbon intensity of their fuels, or by  
                     purchasing credits from other suppliers of other  
                     fuels that have carbon intensities below state  


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                (2)        Advanced Clean Cars.  The Advanced Clean Cars  
                     program includes three regulatory mechanisms,  
                     including the Low Emission Vehicle regulations.   
                     These regulations include new GHG emission standards  
                     for cars and light trucks to reduce GHG emissions by  
                     34% from the 2016 standard during the 2017-25 model  
                     years, as well as regulations to reduce smog-forming  
                     emissions from vehicles.  The Advanced Clean Cars  
                     program also includes the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV)  
                     regulation, which requires that by 2025 about 15% of  
                     new car sales will be ZEVs. 

                (3)        SB 375 and Sustainable Communities Strategies.   
                     Under the Sustainable Communities and Climate  
                     Protection Act of 2008 (SB 375, Steinberg, Chapter  
                     728, Statutes of 2008), ARB sets regional targets for  
                     GHG emissions reductions from passenger vehicle use.   
                     The Act requires each of California's metropolitan  
                     planning organizations to prepare a sustainable  
                     communities strategy as an integral part of its  
                     regional transportation plan, which contains land  
                     use, housing, and transportation strategies that, if  
                     implemented, would allow the region to meet its GHG  
                     emission reduction targets.

                (4)        Cap-and-Trade Program.  Pursuant to AB 32, ARB  
                     adopted a cap-and-trade program that places a "cap"  
                     on aggregate GHG emissions from large GHG emitters  
                     (such as large industrial facilities, electricity  
                     suppliers, and transportation fuel suppliers), which  
                     are responsible for approximately 85% of the state's  
                     GHG emissions.  The cap declines over time,  
                     eventually reaching the target emission level in  

                     Beginning January 1, 2015, the cap-and-trade  
                     regulation requires transportation fuel and natural  
                     gas suppliers to obtain allowances for the GHG  
                     emissions associated with the combustion of the fuels  
                     they provide.  As fuels represent such a large source  
                     of greenhouse gases, the inclusion of transportation  
                     fuels approximately doubles the cap and size of the  


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             B.    Cap-and-Trade Auction Revenue Allocations.

                The Legislature has also allocated cap-and-trade funds to  
                several programs to reduce GHG emissions from the  
                transportation sector.

                (1)        High-Speed Rail Project.  The Legislature has  
                     allocated several hundred million dollars of  
                     cap-and-trade funds to construction of the state's  
                     High-Speed Rail Project.  The 2014-15 budget provides  
                     for a continuous appropriation of 25% of  
                     cap-and-trade funds to high-speed rail beginning in  

                (2)        Low Carbon Transit Operations Program.  The  
                     Legislature has also allocated cap-and-trade funds to  
                     the newly created Low Carbon Transit Operations  
                     Program.  This program provides operating and capital  
                     assistance to transit agencies to reduce GHG  
                     emissions and improve mobility, with a priority on  
                     serving disadvantaged communities.  Eligible projects  
                     include expanded, new, or enhanced transit services;  
                     conversion or retrofit of transit vehicles and  
                     equipment to zero-emission; expanded intermodal  
                     transit facilities; and infrastructure to support  
                     zero-emission or plug-in hybrid vehicles.  The  
                     2014-15 Budget provides for a continuous  
                     appropriation of 5% of cap-and-trade funds for this  
                     program beginning in 2015-16.  The state Department  
                     of Transportation and ARB are currently reviewing  

                (3)        Transit and Intercity Rail Capital Program.  In  
                     addition, the Legislature has allocated cap-and-trade  
                     funds to the newly created Transit and Intercity Rail  
                     Capital Program.  This program funds capital  
                     improvements that integrate state and local rail and  
                     other transit systems, including projects located in  
                     disadvantaged communities and projects that provide  
                     connectivity to the high-speed rail system.  The  
                     2014-15 Budget provided for a continuous  
                     appropriation of 10% of cap-and-trade funds to this  
                     program beginning in 2015-16.  


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                (4)        Clean Vehicle Rebate Program (CVRP).  CVRP,  
                     provides rebates of up to $2,500 for the purchase or  
                     lease of a new zero emission vehicle (ZEV) or plug-in  
                     hybrid electric vehicle.  CVRP is administered by ARB  
                     and its contractor, the California Center for  
                     Sustainable Energy. 

                (5)        Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher  
                     Incentive Project (HVIP).  HVIP is administered by  
                     ARB and its contractor, CALSTART.  HVIP provides  
                     vouchers to California fleet owners to help purchase  
                     hybrid and zero-emission trucks and buses.  

                (6)        Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Pilot Projects.  SB  
                     1204 (Lara), Chapter 524, Statutes of 2014, requires  
                     ARB to develop a new program, the California Clean  
                     Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment  
                     Technology Program.  This program, known as  
                     Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Pilot Projects, will fund  
                     development, demonstration, pre-commercial pilot, and  
                     early commercial deployment of zero- and  
                     near-zero-emission truck, bus, and off-road vehicle  
                     technologies, with prioritization of projects located  
                     in disadvantaged communities.  ARB is currently  
                     holding public workgroup meetings to solicit  
                     stakeholder input.  

                (7)        Advanced Technology Freight Demonstration  
                     Projects.  The Legislature has also allocated  
                     cap-and-trade funds to Advanced Technology Freight  
                     Demonstration Projects.  This program provides grants  
                     to local air districts and other public agencies to  
                     fund advanced technology vehicle, equipment, or  
                     emission-control projects that are not yet  

             C.    Other Transportation-Related Emission Reduction  

                (1)        Enhanced Fleet Modernization Program (EFMP).   
                     EFMP, administered by ARB and the Bureau of  
                     Automotive Repair (BAR), provides funds for the  
                     voluntary retirement of eligible passenger vehicles  


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                     and light- and medium-duty trucks that are high  
                     polluters.  The statewide component of this program,  
                     administered by ARB in consultation with BAR, offers  
                     a voucher to eligible vehicle owners to retire a  
                     high-polluting vehicle.  The local component of the  
                     program, administered by ARB and authorized only in  
                     the San Joaquin Air Pollution Control District and  
                     the South Coast Air Quality Management District,  
                     offers an additional voucher to eligible owners to  
                     replace a high-polluting vehicle.

                (2)        Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle  
                     Technology Program (ARFVTP).  ARFVTP, administered by  
                     the California Energy Commission, provides funding  
                     for the development and deployment of alternative and  
                     renewable fuels and advanced transportation  
                     technologies to help attain AB 32 goals.  Eligible  
                     projects include development, improvement, and  
                     production of alternative and renewable low-carbon  
                     fuels; improvement of light-, medium-, and heavy-duty  
                     vehicle technologies; and expansion of infrastructure  
                     connected with existing fleets, public transit, and  
                     transportation corridors.

                (3)        Active Transportation Program (ATP).  ATP was  
                     established by the 2013-14 Budget.  This program,  
                     administered by the state Department of  
                     Transportation, aims to encourage increased use of  
                     active modes of transportation such as bicycling and  
                     walking.  ATP consolidates various bicycle- and  
                     pedestrian-related programs into a single program to,  
                     among, other goals, advance the efforts of regional  
                     agencies to achieve their GHG reduction goals.


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          1. Purpose of Bill.  
             According to the author, "SB 350 implements new Golden State  
             Standards "50-50-50" benchmarks by raising California's  
             renewable portfolio standard from 33% to 50%, striving for a  
             50% reduction in petroleum use, and increasing energy  
             efficiency in buildings by 50% by the year 2030.  SB 350  
             makes these standards permanent, trackable, and enforceable  
             by enacting them into law and building on the accountability  
             mechanisms already in existence to ensure they are fully  
             implemented.  Each of these standards are added to existing  
             clean air, clean energy, and climate related statutes that  
             have been implemented for years. 

             "The 50% renewable energy standard will be implemented by the  
             CA Public Utilities Commission for the private utilities and  
             by the CA Energy Commission for municipal utilities, as per  
             current law.  Each utility submits a procurement plan showing  
             it will purchase clean energy to displace other non-renewable  
             resources.  Each state agency then reviews the plan, ensures  
             it complies with the law and approves the plan.  California  
             has more than doubled renewable capacity installed in the  
             last four years (adding over 11,000 megawatts) and has more  
             than 21,000 megawatts online, which includes 2,300 megawatts  
             on 245,000 homes, businesses, and schools. 

             "The 50% reduction in petroleum use also will be implemented  
             using existing laws and financial resources.  Under current  
             law, the state air board must reduce pollution in order to  
             achieve state and federal ambient air standards.  Current law  
             (Health and Safety Code Section 42013) requires the board to  
             adopt standards for vehicles and fuels to achieve clean air.   
             This measure simply ensures those actions will achieve a 50%  
             reduction in petroleum by 2030. 

             "Finally, the 50% increase in energy efficiency in buildings  
             will be done through the use of existing energy efficiency  
             retrofit funding and regulatory tools already available to  
             state energy agencies under existing law.  The addition made  
             by this measure requires state energy agencies to plan for,  
             and implement those programs in a manner that achieves the  


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             energy efficiency target."

          2. New Goal, Same Tools. 

             To a large extent, the bill uses existing state programs to  
             reach the petroleum reduction, energy efficiency, and  
             renewable energy goals in the bill.  The latter two aims of  
             the bill concerning energy efficiency and RPS targets are the  
             jurisdiction of the Senate Energy, Utilities and  
             Communications Committee and were discussed in their hearing  
             on April 7, 2015, as well as in the staff analysis for that  

             Specifically for the petroleum goal, SB 350 builds off the  
             ARB's current authority to adopt and implement motor vehicle  
             emission standards, in-use performance standards, and fuel  
             specifications for the control of air pollution in the state  
             to reduce petroleum use by 50%.  Additionally, SB 350  
             includes the 50% petroleum reduction goal into CEC's state  
             transportation energy policy. 

             Presumably, however, the enabling provisions in SB 350 will  
             not be acting in isolation to achieve the requisite petroleum  
             reductions.  ARB has broad authority under AB 32 to regulate  
             transportation GHG emissions reductions, and currently does  
             so with a variety of programs, including the cap-and-trade  
             program and the LCFS.  Additionally, SB 32 (Pavley), which is  
             also being heard by this committee and is part of a package  
             of climate-related legislation along with SB 350 and several  
             other bills, would extend AB 32 and ARB's broad emissions  
             reduction authority to achieve a GHG emission reduction goal  
             of 80% below 1990 GHG emissions levels by 2050. 

             According to ARB, an approach to 50% petroleum reduction  
             could include "reducing growth in vehicle-miles travelled to  
             4%; increasing on-road fuel efficiency of cars to 35 mpg and  
             heavy-duty trucks to about 7 mpg; and at least doubling the  
             use of alternative fuels like biofuels, electricity,  
             hydrogen, and renewable natural gas."

          3. 50% Reduction Compared to What?

             The bill specifies a reduction in petroleum use of 50% by  
             January 1, 2030.  However, the bill does not specify a  


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             baseline level of petroleum use.  The author may wish to  
             clarify this point as the bill moves forward.  

            Related/Prior Legislation
          SB 32 (Pavley, 2014) establishes a GHG emissions reduction goal  
          of 80% below 1990 GHG emission levels, to be achieved by 2050.   
          SB 32 will be heard by the Senate Environmental Quality  
          Committee on April 29, 2015. 

            SOURCE:               Author  


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          American Academy of Pediatrics, California
          American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, California
          American Lung Association, California
          Asthma Coalition of Los Angeles County
          Audubon California
          Baz Allergy, Asthma and Sinus Center
          Berkshire Hathaway Energy
          Blattner Energy
          Bonnie J. Adario Lung Cancer Foundation
          Breathe California
          BYD Motors, Inc.
          California Thoracic Society
          California Black Health Network
          California Conference of Directors of Environmental Health
          California Energy Efficiency Industry Council
          California Hydropower Reform Coalition
          California League of Conservation Voters
          California Pan Ethnic Health Network 
          California Public Health Association, North
          Californians Against Waste
          Center for Biological Diversity
          Center for Climate Change and Health, Public Health Institute
          Center for Sustainable Energy
          Central California Asthma Collaborative
          Circulate San Diego
          Clean Energy and Clean Energy Renewable Fuels
          Clean Power Campaign
          Cleantech San Diego
          Clean Water Action
          Cleveland National Forest Foundation
          Coalition for Clean Air
          Coastal Environmental Rights Foundation
          Dignity Health
          Doctors for Climate Health
          Endangered Habitats League
          Environment California
          Environmental Action Committee of West Marin
          Environmental Defense Fund
          Environmental Entrepreneurs
          First Solar


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          Friends Committee on Legislation of California
          Friends of the River
          Health Care Without Harm
          Large-Scale Solar Association
          League of Women Voters of California
          McCarthy Building Companies, Inc.
          Medical Advocates for Healthy Air
          Moms Clean Air Force
          National Parks Conservation Association
          Natural Resources Defense Council
          NextGen Climate
          NEXTracker, Inc.
          Office of Ratepayer Advocates
          Physicians for Social Responsibility, Los Angeles
          Physicians for Social Responsibility, San Francisco Bay Area  
          Planning and Conservation League
          Public Health Department, County of Los Angeles
          Public Health Institute
          Regional Asthma Management and Prevention
          San Francisco Asthma Task Force
          Santa Clara County Medical Society
          Sequoia Riverlands Trust
          Sierra Business Council
          Sierra Club
          Signal Energy, LLC
          Sonoma County Asthma Coalition
          Southwest Wetlands Interpretive Association
          SunPower Corporation
          The Utility Reform Network
          Trust for Public Lands
          Union of Concerned Scientists
          Wireless Advanced Vehicle Electrification
          Associated General Contractors
          Building Owners and Managers Association
          California Association of Nurseries and Garden Centers
          California Chamber of Commerce
          California Cotton Ginners Association
          California Cotton Growers Association


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          California Dairies Inc.
          California Farm Bureau Federation
          California Fresh Fruit Association
          California Independent Oil Marketers Association
          California Independent Petroleum Association
          California Manufactures & Technology Association
          California Metals Coalition
          California Retailers Association
          Far West Equipment Dealers Association
          Harris Farms
          International Council of shopping Centers
          NAIOP-Commercial Real Estate Development Association
          National Federation of Independent Business
          National Tank Truck Carriers
          Simi Valley Chamber of Commerce
          Southwest California Legislative Council
          Torrance Chamber of Commerce
          West Coast Lumber and Building Material Association
          Western Aerosol Information Bureau
          Western Agricultural Processors Association
          Western Agricultural Processors Association
          Western Growers Association
          Western Plant Health Association
          Western States Petroleum Association

           ARGUMENTS IN  
          Supporters note that climate change is increasingly impacting  
          the state and it is prudent and timely to take the next steps to  
          advance a clean energy economy and create jobs by increasing  
          renewable energy, improving the energy efficiency of our  
          buildings, and reducing petroleum use throughout the state.   
          Supporters also note that SB 350, while setting California on a  
          trajectory to meet the state's GHG goals, will also spur the  
          types of innovations that will keep the state a leader in the  
          global green economy.  Supporters state that SB 350 fights  
          against the state's addiction to oil, the major contributor to  
          smog, carcinogenic diesel soot, and carbon pollution in  
          California by cutting petroleum in half by 2030.


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           ARGUMENTS IN  

           Opponents notes that SB 350 is not clear whether ARB should  
          adopt and implement policies that impact the demand for  
          petroleum fuels or whether they should adopt and implement  
          policies that affect the supply of transportation fuels, and as  
          a result, the bill may reduce availability of critical  
          transportation fuels for businesses and millions of Californians  
          that depend on petroleum fuels for day-to-day needs.  Opponents  
          also note that SB 350 would result in a broad transfer of  
          decision-making authority from the Legislature to nonelected  
          regulators and that SB 350's RPS targets would threaten energy  
          affordability and reliability.
          DOUBLE REFERRAL:    

          This measure was heard in the Senate Energy, Utilities and  
          Communications Committee on April 7, 2015, and passed out of  
          committee with a vote of 8-3.  


                                      -- END --