BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                     SB 469


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          Date of Hearing:  June 30, 2015


           ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, SPORTS, TOURISM, AND  
                                   INTERNET MEDIA


                             Ian Charles Calderon, Chair


          SB  
          469 (Hill) - As Amended June 1, 2015


          SENATE VOTE:  40-0


          SUBJECT:  State Athletic Commission.


          SUMMARY: Would extend the operation of the California State  
          Athletic Commission (Commission) until January 1, 2020, and  
          makes changes to the laws governing the Commission's operations  
          and the Commission's oversight of professional and amateur  
          combat sports, as specified, held or given in California.  
          Specifically, this bill:  


          1)Extends the operation of the Commission until January 1, 2020.


          2)Codifies the Commission's authority to conduct drug testing  
            necessary to promote the health and safety of licensees by  
            providing that the administration or use of any drugs, alcohol  
            or stimulants or injections in any part of the body or the use  
            of any prohibited substance specified in the Prohibited List  
            of the World Anti-Doping Code, as promulgated by the World  
            Anti-Doping Agency, by a professional or amateur boxer or  
            martial arts fighter licensed by the Commission, is  








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            prohibited.  


          3)Authorizes the Commission, in its discretion and through the  
            rulemaking process, to determine the necessity of exemptions  
            to the prohibition on prohibited substances for certain  
            licensees.


          4)Authorizes the Commission to conduct drug testing at any time  
            during the period of licensure for a professional or amateur  
            boxer or martial arts fighter licensed by the Commission. 


          5)Authorizes the Commission to assess a fine equal to 40% of the  
            purse for a violation of the prohibited substances provisions  
            outlined above.


          6)Clarifies that a majority of the appointed members of the  
            Committee on Medical and Safety Standards (MAC) constitute a  
            quorum for the purposes of meeting.


          7)Codifies the Commission's existing authority to recognize and  
            enforce contracts between boxers and managers and between  
            boxers and licensed clubs and extends those provisions to  
            include martial arts fighters. Clarifies that all disputes  
            between the parties to the contract, including the validity of  
            the contract, shall be arbitrated by the Commission pursuant  
            to the provisions of the contract. Authorizes the Commission  
            to seek cost recovery related to arbitration proceedings.


          EXISTING LAW:   


           1) Prohibits, under the Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act (Federal  
             Boxing Act), events from taking place in a state without a  








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             regulatory commission unless the fight is regulated by either  
             another state's commission or on sovereign tribal land.  
             (Title 15 U.S.C.  6303)

           2) Provides, under the Federal Boxing Act, or State Athletic  
             Commission Act (State Act), for the licensing and regulation  
             of boxers, kickboxers, martial arts athletes and events held  
             in California by the Commission within the Department of  
             Consumer Affairs and makes the Commission inoperative and  
             repealed on January 1, 2016. (Business and Professions Code  
             (BPC)  18600 et seq.)

           3) Establishes, until January 1, 2016, the Commission, renders  
             the Commission subject to review by the appropriate policy  
             committees of the Legislature and authorizes the Commission  
             to appoint a person exempt from civil service as Executive  
             Officer (EO). 
             (BPC  18602 and 18613)

           4) Provides the Commission with sole direction, management,  
             control of, and jurisdiction over all professional and  
             amateur boxing, professional and amateur kickboxing, all  
             forms and combinations of forms of full contact martial arts  
             contests, including mixed martial arts (MMA), and matches or  
             exhibitions conducted, held, or given within this state.  
             Provides that no event shall take place without the prior  
             approval of the Commission and that no person shall engage in  
             the promotion of, or participate in, a boxing or martial arts  
             contest, match, or exhibition without a license, and except  
             in accordance with the State Act. (BPC  18640)

           5) Establishes Commission oversight for contracts between  
             boxers and managers and between boxers or managers and  
             licensed clubs and requires the original contract entered  
             into between managers and boxers and promoters and boxers to  
             be placed on file with the Commission at the time it is  
             approved. Provides that all disputes between the parties to  
             the contract, including the validity of the contract, shall  
             be arbitrated pursuant to the provisions of the contract.  








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             (Title 4 California Code of Regulations (CCR)  220 and 230)

           6) Establishes an Advisory Committee on Medical and Safety  
             Standards (MAC) consisting of six licensed physicians  
             appointed by the Commission which meets for the purpose of  
             studying and recommending medical and safety standards for  
             the conduct of boxing, wrestling, and martial arts contests.  
             Requires a majority vote of the Commission to appoint a  
             person to the MAC.  (BPC  18645)

           7) Provides the Commission with enforcement authority to revoke  
             or suspend licenses or a violation of the State Act.  
             Authorizes the Commission to suspend temporarily, any license  
             until final determination by the Commission when, in the EO's  
             opinion, the action is necessary to protect the public  
             welfare or is in the best interest of boxing or martial arts.  
             Provides that a suspension may be without advance hearing,  
             but the suspended licensee may apply to the Commission for a  
             hearing on the matter to determine if the suspension should  
             be modified or set aside. Requires an application for a  
             hearing to be in writing and received by the Commission  
             within 30 days after the date of suspension. Requires the  
             Commission, upon receipt of such written request, to set the  
             matter for hearing within 30 days. (BPC  18841 and 18842)

           8) Authorizes the Commission, EO or his or her duly authorized  
             representative to assess fines, not to exceed $2,500, for  
             each violation of any of the provisions of the State Act or  
             any of the rules and regulations of the Commission (contained  
             within Title 4 CCR 200-829). States that the fine may be  
             assessed without advance hearing, but the licensee may apply  
             to the Commission for a hearing on the matter if such fine  
             should be modified or set aside in the manner outlined above.  
             (BPC  18843)

           9) Provides that if a licensee fails to pay any fine assessed  
             within 30 days after receipt of notice by the EO, after time  
             for appeal has passed or after action on an appeal by the  
             Commission, the Commission may, without hearing, revoke or  








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             suspend the license held by the licensee and authorize the  
             Attorney General (AG) to bring an action in superior court to  
             collect the amount due and attorney's fees. Provides that the  
             action shall be speedily determined by the court and shall  
             take precedence over all matters pending therein except  
             criminal cases, applications for injunction, or other matters  
             to which special precedence has been given by law. (BPC   
             18844)

           10)Provides that any person who otherwise violates any  
             provision of the State Act is guilty of a misdemeanor. (BPC   
             18878)

           11)Provides that the administration or use of any drugs,  
             alcohol, or stimulants, or injections in any part of the  
             body, either before or during a match, to or by any boxer is  
             prohibited. (Title 4 CCR  303)


          FISCAL EFFECT:  According to the Senate Appropriations  
          Committee:


                 Projected expenditures of approximately $1.6 million  
               annually (primarily from the Athletic Commission Fund),  
               supporting 10.7 PY, until January 1, 2020, fully offset by  
               annual fee revenues of approximately $1.7 million.

                 Costs of approximately $115,000 in 2016-17 and $107,000  
               annually ongoing for .5 PY of staff time and expenses  
               related to additional drug tests. (Athletic Commission  
               Fund)

                 Estimated one-time costs of up to $50,000 in 2015-16 to  
               develop and adopt regulations providing for exceptions to  
               drug testing requirements. (Athletic Commission Fund)

                 Unknown increases in fine revenues for violations  
               related to the use of prohibited substances. (Athletic  








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               Commission Fund)

          COMMENTS:  


          1)Author's statement of need for legislation. According to the  
            author, "SB 469 in particular is necessary to extend the  
            sunset date of the Commission in order to ensure the  
            protection, health, welfare and safety of the athletes and  
            fighters licensed by the Commission who participate in sports  
            and events the Commission oversees. Federal Law, the Muhammad  
            Ali Boxing Reform Act prohibits events from taking place in a  
            state without a regulatory commission unless the fight is  
            regulated by either another state's commission or on sovereign  
            tribal land. Regulated events result in higher levels of  
            protection for fighters than unauthorized or illegal events,  
            in addition to added revenue for the state and a boon to the  
            local economy where events take place. While the Commission  
            has faced some administrative and front office challenges in  
            the past, the real work that they do, and do really well, is  
            on the ground level at the events. From the medical  
            walk-through to checking the ring or cage to ensuring the  
            fighter immediately undergoes a medical exam to staff ensuring  
            that a fighter gets paid on the spot; this is where the  
            Commission excels and it is important for regulation of events  
            to continue to ensure the highest degree of safety for the  
            many individuals participating in these sports."

          2)Background:

             a)   Oversight Hearings and Sunset Review of Licensing Boards  
               and Programs. On March 18, 2015, the Senate Business,  
               Professions and Economic Development Committee and the  
               Assembly Business and Professions Committee and Arts,  
               Entertainment, Sports, Tourism and Internet Media Committee  
               (Committees) conducted a joint oversight hearing to review  
               the California State Athletic Commission, as part of our  
               regulatory oversight authority.









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          This bill, as well as the 11 other regulatory agency sunset  
          bills considered this session, is intended to implement  
          legislative changes as recommended by staff of the Committees  
          and which are reflected in the Background Papers prepared by  
          Committee staff for each agency and program reviewed by the  
          Committees for this year.

             b)   California State Athletic Commission. The Commission is  
               responsible for protecting the health and safety of its  
               licensees; boxers, kickboxers and martial arts athletes.   
               Established by initiative in 1924, stemming from concerns  
               for athletes' injuries and deaths, the Commission provides  
               direction, management, control of and jurisdiction over  
               professional and amateur boxing, professional and amateur  
               kickboxing, all forms and combinations of full contact  
               martial arts contests, including MMA and matches or  
               exhibitions conducted, held or given in California. The  
               Commission oversees licensing, prohibited substance  
               testing, and event regulation. Functionally, the Commission  
               consists of four components; licensing, enforcement,  
               regulating events and administering the Pension Fund. In  
               2014, the Commission supervised 128 events. As of March  
               2015, the Commission has so far supervised 38 events,  
               including 18 boxing, eight MMA, one kickboxing.


               The current Commission mission statement, as stated in its  
               Strategic Plan, is as follows, "The California State  
               Athletic Commission is dedicated to the health, safety and  
               welfare of participants in regulated competitive sporting  
               events, through ethical and professional service." The  
               Commission is responsible for implementation and  
               enforcement of the Boxing Act and the State Act. The  
               Commission establishes requirements for licensure, issues  
               and renews licenses, approves and regulates events, assigns  
               ringside officials, investigates complaints received, and  
               enforces applicable laws by issuing fines and suspending or  
               revoking licenses.  









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               The Commission is comprised of seven members. Five members  
               are appointed by the Governor and subject to confirmation  
               by the California State Senate Committee on Rules  
               confirmation. One member is appointed by the Senate  
               Committee on Rules and one member is appointed by the  
               California Speaker of the Assembly. Commissioners are  
               part-time employees who receive a $100-a-day per diem.  
               There are no qualifications for an individual appointed to  
               the Commission; however, no person currently licensed as a  
               promoter, manager or judge may serve on the Commission. The  
               law also specifies that efforts should be made to ensure at  
               least four members have experience in either medicine as a  
               licensed physician or surgeon specializing in neurology,  
               neurosurgery, head trauma or sports medicine, financial  
               management, public safety, and the sports regulated by the  
               Commission.


               The Commission meets about six times per year to handle  
               matters related to licensure and appeals of license  
               denials, suspensions and fines; propose and review  
               regulations or legislation focused on maintaining the  
               health and safety of fighters; consider issues related to  
               the Pension Fund and the Account; evaluate funding and  
               revenue strategies, and; address a variety of topics  
               brought forth by stakeholders.


               According to information provided by the author, "The  
               Commission has direct disciplinary authority to issue  
               immediate suspensions and fines to ensure violations by  
               Commission licensees are handled and reported quickly. The  
               Commission also has the ability to issue cease and desist  
               orders for unauthorized, illegal events in addition to the  
               suspensions and license revocations for violations of the  
               State Act and accompanying Commission regulations and  
               rules. The Commission partners with the Office of the AG  
               when license revocations, suspension or application denials  








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               are appealed. The Commission also conducts arbitrations for  
               its licensees when disputes arise within either the  
               boxer-manager or boxer-promoter agreements and has sole  
               authority over these arbitration proceedings. The  
               Commission's citation and fine option allows the Commission  
               to penalize licensees rather than pursue formal discipline  
               for less serious offenses, or offenses where probation or  
               license revocation is not appropriate.


               "The State Act creates the MAC consisting of six licensed  
               physicians who are appointed by the Commission. This is the  
               body the Commission looks to for guidance on key safety  
               issues and meets to study, discuss and recommend standards  
               for contests. This MAC rarely meets because of issues  
               related to how many people constitute a quorum for purposes  
               of an open meeting but should meet far more frequently, as  
               these physicians typically know the landscape of the  
               fighting world and can help the Commission better promote  
               fighter health and safety. Particularly with all of the new  
               studies and research documenting traumatic brain injury and  
               technological advances to assess these injuries, it is  
               important for the Commission to know what steps it may need  
               to take to stay on top of licensee health based on the  
               advice of the MAC.


               "The Commission currently has one of the most thorough drug  
               testing programs in the regulated combat sports landscape,  
               but maintaining this important effort has high costs  
               associated with it. The Commission's cite and fine ability  
               allows for punishment to licensees for violations of the  
               law that while significant, may not be serious enough to  
               warrant license suspension. Fines are used as a penalty and  
               are usually accompanied by a suspension or order to correct  
               conduct. They are commonly issued against fighters for  
               using prohibited substances and conduct that brings  
               discredit to combative sports or the Commission. The  
               Commission's current fines may not be deterring certain  








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               activity and may not be strong enough to make any kind of  
               impact to professional fighters receiving high salaries.  
               The Commission has also struggled to establish consistency  
               in its citation and fine program, sometimes assigning small  
               fines to certain fighters for some violations and large  
               fines to others for similar violations. Some athletes  
               receive over six figures to participate in bouts, and  
               paying a $2500 fine for use of an illegal substance does  
               not make a dent in their earnings, thus potentially  
               perpetuating use of the banned drugs without any noticeable  
               penalty. Making it clear in the State Act, rather than   
               just within the Commission's rules, that using prohibited  
               substances on the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA)  
               prohibited list is also prohibited in California, while  
               also increasing the amount the Commission may assess for a  
               violation, serves to maintain the integrity of these bouts  
               and protect the participants. When a fighter uses  
               performance enhancing substances they can not only harm  
               themselves but may also do more damage to an opponent than  
               they otherwise would have and establishing deterrents to  
               this practice assists the Commission in fulfilling its  
               oversight responsibilities.


               "The Commission is responsible for arbitration between  
               licensees and managers or promoters when contract disputes  
               arise. The Commission absorbs costs related to arbitration  
               for contract disputes that it oversees that may impede its  
               ability to maintain a healthy fund balance. The Commission  
               utilizes the services of the AG to conduct arbitration  
               proceedings and is then billed for these services at a rate  
               that is not feasible for the Commission to pay on an  
               ongoing basis, as the Commission has consistently exceeded  
               its AG expenditure authority but at the same time has a  
               statutory requirement to assist fighters through this  
               process. This bill seeks to allow for cost recovery while  
               ensuring that any payment for arbitration does not serve as  
               a deterrent to licensees seeking arbitration by the  
               Commission."








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          3)Major provisions of proposed legislation. The following are  
            some of the major issues pertaining to the Commission along  
            with background information concerning the particular issue.  
            Recommendations were made by Committee staff regarding the  
            particular issue areas which needed to be addressed and  
            changes adopted are reflected below. 


             a)   Issue: Medical Advisory Committee Quorum 


               Background: The State Act creates an Advisory Committee on  
               Medical and Safety Standards (MAC) consisting of six  
               licensed physicians who are appointed by the Commission.  
               The Commission has been advised that in order for the MAC  
               to receive a quorum, a majority of appointed members must  
               be present, which means that four of the six members must  
               attend meetings. According to the Commission, the MAC does  
               not always even have six member appointees who would be  
               eligible to attend these important meetings where guidance  
               on key safety issues is discussed and recommendations are  
               agreed upon to submit to the Commission as a whole. A  
               quorum is required for governing bodies to meet and conduct  
               official business or take official action such as voting on  
               agenda items. It is unclear whether this important advisory  
               committee can only meet if a quorum is achieved or if the  
               committee, the meetings for which are noticed publicly, can  
               meet with, for example, only a majority of the appointed  
               members present.  


               Recommendation and Proposed Statutory Change: Committee  
               staff recommended necessary changes to the State Act to  
               clarify how, when, according to what requirements for  
               public meetings and under what circumstances the MAC can  
               meet.









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               This bill clarifies that a majority of the appointed  
               members of the MAC constitute a quorum for the purposes of  
               meeting.  


             b)   Issue: Technical Changes May Improve the Effectiveness  
               of the State Act and Commission Operations, Use of  
               Performance Enhancing Substances and Drug Testing Costs.
                                                                              

               Background: The Commission currently has one of the most  
               thorough drug testing programs in the regulated combat  
               sports landscape, but maintaining this important effort has  
               high costs associated with it. The Commission's cite and  
               fine ability allows for punishment to licensees for  
               violations of the law that while significant, may not be  
               serious enough to warrant license suspension. Fines are  
               used as a penalty and are usually accompanied by a  
               suspension or order to correct conduct. They are commonly  
               issued against fighters for using prohibited substances and  
               conduct that brings discredit to combative sports or the  
               Commission. The Commission's current fines may not be  
               deterring certain activity and may not be strong enough to  
               make any kind of impact to professional fighters receiving  
               high salaries. The Commission has also struggled to  
               establish consistency in its citation and fine program,  
               sometimes assigning small fines to certain fighters for  
               some violations and large fines to others for similar  
               violations.   


               The Commission has explored seeking increased authority to  
               collect fines so that it can more effectively discipline  
               its licensees, specifically by basing the amount of a fine  
               on a percentage of the fighter's purse. Some athletes  
               receive over six figures to participate in bouts, and  
               paying a $2500 fine for use of an illegal substance does  
               not make a dent in their earnings, thus potentially  








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               perpetuating use of the banned drugs without any noticeable  
               penalty. The Commission reports that having this option  
               will provide a greater level of deterrence for highly paid  
               athletes. Other states like Nevada take between 3 and 40%  
               of a fighter's purse for the event where the violation  
               occurs.   


               Recommendation and Proposed Statutory Change: Committee  
               staff recommended that the Committees authorize the  
               Commission in statute to adjust its fine collection  
               abilities so that it may collect a percentage of a  
               fighter's purse for certain substance abuse violations and  
               asked the Commission to advise the Committees of any  
               statutory changes necessary to continue to keep California  
               standards for banned substances on par with international  
               agencies like WADA. Committee staff also recommended making  
               technical changes to the State Act to clarify that athlete  
               licensees are subject to drug testing throughout the period  
               of their licensure, rather than only connected to an event  
               (drug testing directly prior to or at an event) and  
               recommended clarifying that blood and urine samples are  
               both acceptable for drug testing.


               This bill codifies the Commission's authority to conduct  
               drug testing necessary to promote the health and safety of  
               licensees by providing that the administration or use of  
               any drugs, alcohol or stimulants or injections in any part  
               of the body or the use of any prohibited substance  
               specified in the Prohibited List of the World Anti-Doping  
               Code, as promulgated by the World Anti-Doping Agency, by a  
               professional or amateur boxer or martial arts fighter  
               licensed by the Commission, is prohibited. The bill also  
               authorizes the Commission, in its discretion and through  
               the rulemaking process, to determine the necessity of  
               exemptions to the prohibition on prohibited substances for  
               certain licensees.  This bill authorizes the Commission to  
               conduct drug testing at any time during the period of  








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               licensure for a professional or amateur boxer or martial  
               arts fighter licensed by the Commission and authorizes the  
               Commission to collect blood and urine specimens from a  
               professional or amateur boxer or martial arts fighter  
               licensed by the Commission in order to detect the presence  
               of any prohibited substances. The bill requires collection  
               of specimens to be done in the presence of authorized  
               Commission personnel. The bill also authorizes the  
               Commission to assess a fine equal to 40% of the total purse  
               for a violation of the prohibited substances provisions  
               outlined above.  


             c)   Issue: Arbitration Cost Recovery


               Background: The Commission is responsible for arbitration  
               between licensees and managers or promoters when contract  
               disputes arise. The Commission absorbs costs related to  
               arbitration for contract disputes that it oversees that may  
               impede its ability to maintain a healthy fund balance. The  
               Commission utilizes the services of the AG to conduct  
               arbitration proceedings and is then billed for these  
               services at a rate that is not feasible for the Commission  
               to pay on an ongoing basis. The Commission has exceeded its  
               AG expenditure authority yet has a statutory requirement to  
               assist fighters through this process. The question was  
               raised as to whether parties involved should absorb certain  
               costs, ensuring that any payment for arbitration does not  
               serve as a deterrent to licensees seeking arbitration.    


               Recommendation and Proposed Statutory Change:  Committee  
               staff recommended that the Commission be authorized to seek  
               cost recovery for arbitration and requested that the  
               Commission provide additional information about the  
               instances under which it might collect reimbursement costs  
               for arbitration and what the options may be for determining  
               the costs paid by licensees (for example, a percentage of  








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               the disputed fees).  


               This bill codifies the Commission's existing authority to  
               recognize and enforce contracts between boxers and managers  
               and between boxers and licensed clubs and extends those  
               provisions to include martial arts fighters. The bill also  
               clarifies that all disputes between the parties to the  
               contract, including the validity of the contract, shall be  
               arbitrated by the Commission pursuant to the provisions of  
               the contract and authorizes the Commission to seek cost  
               recovery related to arbitration proceedings.


             d)   Issue: Continuation of the Commission


               Background: California's professional and amateur boxers,  
               kickboxers and mixed martial arts athletes are better  
               served with appropriate oversight by a Commission, and the  
               state benefits from holding these events in California. If  
               the Commission goes away, large scale events held in  
               communities throughout the state will not happen, taking  
               with them the economic windfall to local businesses. Most  
               significantly, fighting will still take place, in an  
               underground, unregulated environment that is not conducive  
               to protecting athletes and promoting career opportunities  
               and abilities of many young people.


               The most important work of the Commission happens on the  
               ground level, managing and overseeing events and promoting  
               the well-being of the competitors participating in combat  
               sporting events in California. While the Commission has  
               struggled with basic operational and administrative  
               functions over the years, the current membership and  
               management have shown a commitment to improve the  
               Commission's overall efficiency and effectiveness and are  
               working cooperatively with the Legislature and the  








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               Committees to bring about necessary changes.  


               Recommendation and Proposed Statutory Change: Committee  
               staff recommended the Commission's operations and the State  
               Act be extended for four years and be reviewed at that time  
               by the respective Committees of the Senate and Assembly.  
               Committee staff recommended that boxers, kickboxers and  
               mixed martial arts athletes continue to be regulated by the  
               current Commission members in order to protect the  
               interests of athletes and the public and be reviewed once  
               again in four years.


              This bill extends the operations of the Commission until  
            January 1, 2020.  


             e)   Issue: Technical Cleanup. This bill includes cleanup  
               provisions to clarify the State Act as recommended by the  
               Commission and Committee staff.  


          4)Prior and related legislation.


             a)   SB 309 (Lieu), Chapter 370, Statutes of 2013, extended  
               the operation of the California State Athletic Commission  
               until 2016.

             b)   AB 1186 (Bonilla), Chapter 506, Statutes of 2013,  
               clarified that the California State Athletic Commission is  
               authorized to regulate all forms of full contact martial  
               arts contests involving participants 18 years of age or  
               younger, including all forms and combinations of forms of  
               full contact martial arts contests deemed by the Commission  
               to be similar, and that an amateur contest includes a  
               contest where full contact is used, even if  
               unintentionally.








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             c)   AB 2100 (Alejo) of 2012, would have required that the  
               Commission, in consultation with the Association of Boxing  
               Commissions (ABC), to establish and enforce a professional  
               code of conduct, as specified, and that persons seeking  
               payment as promoters must make specified disclosures to the  
               CSAC prior to being compensated.  (Status: The bill was  
               held in the Assembly Committee on Appropriations.)

             d)   SB 543 (Price), Chapter 448, Statutes of 2011, extended  
               the Commission sunset date for 2 years, from January 1,  
               2012 to January 1, 2014.

             e)   SB 294 (Negrete McLeod), Chapter 695, Statutes of 2010,  
               extended the Commission sunset date for one year, from  
               January 1, 2011 to January 1, 2012.

             f)   SB 963 (Ridley-Thomas), Statutes of 2008, extended the  
               Commission sunset date from July 1, 2009 to January 1,  
               2011.

             g)   SB 247 (Perata), Chapter 465, Statutes of 2006,  
               reestablished the Commission on January 1, 2007, as an  
               independent board through July 1, 2009.

          5)Double Referral: Should this bill pass out this committee, it  
            will be re-referred to the Assembly Committee on Business and  
            Professions.

          REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION:




          Support


          There is no support on file.









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          Opposition


          There is no opposition on file.




          Analysis Prepared by:Dana Mitchell / A.,E.,S.,T., & I.M. / (916)  
          319-3450