BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó




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                                UNFINISHED BUSINESS 


          Bill No:  SB 716
          Author:   Lara (D)
          Amended:  7/16/15  
          Vote:     21  

           SENATE PUBLIC SAFETY COMMITTEE:  5-2, 4/28/15
           AYES:  Hancock, Leno, Liu, McGuire, Monning
           NOES:  Anderson, Stone

          SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE: Senate Rule 28.8

           SENATE FLOOR:  29-7, 5/22/15
           AYES:  Allen, Bates, Beall, Berryhill, Block, Cannella, De  
            León, Galgiani, Hall, Hancock, Hernandez, Hertzberg, Hill,  
            Hueso, Jackson, Lara, Leno, Leyva, Liu, McGuire, Mendoza,  
            Mitchell, Monning, Nguyen, Pan, Pavley, Roth, Wieckowski, Wolk
           NOES:  Anderson, Huff, Moorlach, Nielsen, Runner, Stone, Vidak
           NO VOTE RECORDED:  Fuller, Gaines, Morrell

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  69-8, 8/27/15 - See last page for vote

           SUBJECT:   Animal cruelty: elephants


          SOURCE:    East Bay Zoological Society
                     Humane Society of the United States
                     Performing Animal Welfare Society

          DIGEST:  This bill prohibits the use of a bullhook or related  
          device to discipline, manage or train an elephant, as specified.

          Assembly Amendments, beginning January 1, 2018, expand the scope  
          of prohibitions of abusive behavior towards elephants currently  
          applicable to owners or managers of elephants to apply to any  
          person who houses, possesses, or is in direct contact with an  








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          elephant.  The bill retains its provisions previously heard in  
          the Senate providing provide that abusive behavior toward the  
          elephant includes the use of a bullhook, ankus, baseball bat,  
          axe handle, pitchfork, or similar device.

          ANALYSIS:  Existing law provides that it is a misdemeanor for  
          any owner or manager of an elephant to engage in abusive  
          behavior towards the elephant, which behavior shall include the  
          discipline of the elephant by any of the following methods:

          1)Deprivation of food, water, or rest.
          2)Use of electricity.
          3)Physical punishment resulting in damage, scarring, or breakage  
            of skin.
          4)Insertion of any instrument into any bodily orifice.
          5)Use of martingales.
          6)Use of block and tackle.  (Penal Code § 596.5.)

          This bill provides that on or after January 1, 2018:

          1)It shall be a misdemeanor for any person who houses,  
            possesses, or is in direct contact with an elephant to use a  
            bullhook, ankus, baseball bat, axe handle, pitchfork, or  
            similar device designed to inflict pain for the purpose of  
            training or controlling the behavior of an elephant. 

          2)Prohibits behavior including brandishing, exhibiting, or  
            displaying any of the devices listed above in the presence of  
            an elephant by any person who houses, possesses, or is in  
            direct contact with an elephant.

          Background
          
          According to the sponsor and supporters of the bill, a "bullhook  
          is a steel-pointed rod resembling a fireplace poker that is used  
          to prod, hook, and strike elephants in order to dominate and  
          control of them during training, performing, and handling.  .  .  
          ."  According to the Humane Society of the United States,  
          "California zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and  
          Aquariums (AZA) no longer use bullhooks, nor does the Performing  
          Animal Welfare Society's sanctuary which is home to numerous  
          rescued elephants.  . . . "   








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          Prior Legislation
          
          AB 777 (Levine) - 2007, died in the Assembly
          AB 3027 (Levine) - 2006, held in Assembly Appropriations
          SB 892 (McCorquodale) - Chapter 1423, Statutes of 1989
           
          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:YesLocal:   Yes


          According to the Assembly Appropriations Committee, unknown,  
          probably minor non-reimbursable local law enforcement and  
          incarceration costs, offset to a degree by increased fine  
          revenue.


          SUPPORT:   (Verified8/28/15)


          East Bay Zoological Society (co-source)
          Humane Society of the United States (co-source)
          Performing Animal Welfare Society (co-source)
          Active Environments, Inc.
          Amboseli Trust for Elephants
          American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
          Animal Legal Defense Fund (San Francisco Bay Area)
          Best Friends Animal Society
          City of Los Angeles
          City of Oakland
          Councilmember Paul Koretz, City of Los Angeles
          Earth Island Institute
          Elephant Voices
          Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee
          Free Willy Keiko Foundation
          The Fund for Animals Wildlife Center
          The Global March for Elephants and Rhinos
          Global Sanctuary for Elephants
          Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association
          In Defense of Animals
          Last Chance for Animals
          The League of Human Voters








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          Lions Tigers & Bears
          LIUNA Locals 777 & 792
          March for Elephants and Rhinos San Francisco
          The Marin Humane Society
          San Diego Human Society
          San Francisco SPCA
          Santa Clara County Activists for Animals
          Sierra Wildlife Coalition
          Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Los Angeles
          State Humane Association of California
          Uganda Carnivore Program
          Several individuals


          OPPOSITION:   (Verified8/28/15)


          American Humane Association
          Animal Actors of Hollywood
          Asian Elephant Support
          California Fairs Alliance
          Circus Fans Association of America
          Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
          Face in the Crowd Casting
          Feld Entertainment, Inc.
          Gentle Jungle, Inc.
          Have Trunk Will Travel
          International Elephant Foundation
          Los Angeles Foundation for the Circus Arts
          Monterey County Farm Bureau
          Monterey Zoo
          National Animal Interest Alliance
          No Animals Were Harmed Program
          Outdoor Amusement Business Association, Inc.
          Pacific Animal Productions
          Salinas Valley Chamber of Commerce
          Silver Screen Animal, Inc.
          Southwick's Zoo
          United States Zoological Association
          Western Fairs Association
          Wild Wonders, Inc.
          Worldwide Movie Animals








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          Zoological Association of America
          Several Individuals


          ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT:     


          According to the author, "SB 716 simply codifies industry  
          standards for elephant management by prohibiting the use of  
          bullhooks, bats, and pitchforks to discipline an elephant.  A  
          bullhook is typically embedded into most sensitive areas of an  
          elephant, which involves areas around the ears, mouth, and back  
          of the legs.  The use of this instrument also puts handlers at  
          severe risk, should an elephant decide to rebel against the  
          trainer.  Since 1990, there have been at least 16 human deaths,  
          and 135 injuries in the U.S. [United States] have been  
          attributed to elephants, primarily in circus-related incidents.   
          Simply put, it is time for the State to prohibit this inhumane  
          practice."


          ARGUMENTS IN OPPOSITION:     Opponents argue in part, "When used  
          CORRECTLY, an ankus is what a good trainer uses to let an  
          elephant know which way to turn or when to pick up a foot etc.   
          It is a tool which has been used for centuries and the reason it  
          is used is because it does not harm the elephant but it can get  
          their attention when their focus might wander or especially at  
          times when they could injure a person simply due to their size  
          (much like grabbing a child by the hand if they are heading  
          towards something that might injure them).  An elephant  
          professional who has years of experience with elephants and  
          elephant care should be well versed as to how and when to use an  
          ankus correctly.  To ban the use of the ankus is never going to  
          do anything positive for the care and wellbeing of elephants; it  
          will however do the exact opposite."




          ASSEMBLY FLOOR:  69-8, 8/27/15
          AYES:  Achadjian, Alejo, Travis Allen, Baker, Bigelow, Bloom,  
            Bonilla, Bonta, Brough, Brown, Burke, Calderon, Campos, Chang,  








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                                                                    Page  6



            Chau, Chávez, Chiu, Chu, Cooley, Cooper, Dababneh, Daly, Dodd,  
            Eggman, Gallagher, Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, Gatto,  
            Gipson, Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gray, Hadley, Roger  
            Hernández, Holden, Irwin, Jones, Jones-Sawyer, Kim, Levine,  
            Linder, Lopez, Low, Maienschein, Mayes, McCarty, Mullin,  
            Nazarian, O'Donnell, Olsen, Patterson, Perea, Rendon,  
            Ridley-Thomas, Rodriguez, Salas, Santiago, Steinorth, Mark  
            Stone, Thurmond, Ting, Wagner, Waldron, Weber, Wilk, Williams,  
            Wood, Atkins
          NOES:  Beth Gaines, Grove, Harper, Lackey, Mathis, Medina,  
            Melendez, Obernolte
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Dahle, Frazier, Quirk


           Prepared by:Alison Anderson / PUB. S. / 
          8/28/15 14:12:35


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