BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



          SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION
                              Senator Carol Liu, Chair
                                2015 - 2016  Regular 

          Bill No:             SB 725              
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          |Author:    |Hancock                                              |
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          |Version:   |February 27, 2015                      Hearing Date: |
          |           |   April 22, 2015                                    |
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          |Urgency:   |No                     |Fiscal:    |Yes              |
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          |Consultant:|Lynn Lorber                                          |
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          Subject:  Pupil instruction and services:  visual and performing  
          arts content standards

            SUMMARY
          
          This bill requires the State Board of Education to adopt content  
          standards in visual and performing arts by June 30, 2017. 

            BACKGROUND
          
          Academic content standards define the knowledge, concepts, and  
          skills that students should acquire at each grade level.   
          Curricular frameworks are the blueprint for implementing the  
          standards, and include criteria by which instructional materials  
          are evaluated.

          Standards in several subject areas were adopted by the State  
          Board of Education (SBE) beginning in the late 1990s; standards  
          in visual and performing arts were adopted in January 2001.   
          There is no statutory authority for the review or updating of  
          standards.  A schedule once existed for the review and update of  
          frameworks and instructional materials in many subject areas,  
          but those processes were suspended on July 28, 2009 due to  
          budget constraints.  Specific authority has since been provided  
          to develop new standards in specific subjects (statutory  
          authority was also provided to develop frameworks and  
          instructional materials in some of these subjects):

          The State Board of Education has adopted, or is scheduled to  
          adopt, the following standards:







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             1.   The California Common Core Standards in English language  
               arts and mathematics were adopted on August 2, 2010.   
               (Education Code  60605.8)

             2.   English language development standards that are aligned  
               with the common core standards in English language arts in  
               November 7, 2012.  
          (Former EC  60811.3)

             3.   A modification of the previously adopted common core  
               standards in mathematics in January 2013.  (EC  60605.11)

             4.   Revised Career Technical Education Model Curriculum  
               Standards on January 16, 2013.  (EC  51226)



             5.   The Next Generation Science Standards on September 4,  
               2013.  
          (Former EC  60605.85)

             6.   English language development standards that are aligned  
               with the common core standards in mathematics and science.   
               Current law requires the Superintendent of Public  
               Instruction (SPI) to submit recommendations to the State  
               Board of Education (SBE) by January 2015, and requires the  
               SBE to adopt updated standards by August 1, 2015.  However,  
               according to the California Department of Education's  
               website, the panel of experts has just recently been  
               convened, and it is anticipated that the SPI will provide  
               recommendations to the SBE in July 2015; it is unclear if  
               adoption by the SBE expected later than the statutory  
               deadline of August 1, 2015.  (EC  60811.4)

             7.   The Instructional Quality Commission is required to  
               consider developing and recommending to the SBE standards  
               in computer science by July 31, 2019.  
          (EC  60605.4)

            ANALYSIS
          
          This bill requires the State Board of Education (SBE) to adopt  
          content standards in visual and performing arts by June 30,  








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          2017.  Specifically, this bill:

          1.   Requires the SBE to adopt visual and performing arts  
               content standards pursuant to the following requirements:

                    A.             Requires the Superintendent of Public  
                    Instruction (SPI), in consultation with the SBE, to  
                    convene a panel of visual and performing arts experts.

                    B.             Requires the SPI to ensure that members  
                    of the expert panel represent the breadth of the  
                    visual and performing arts and include, but is not  
                    limited to, elementary and secondary visual and  
                    performing arts teachers, school principals, school  
                    district or county office of education administrators,  
                    and university professors.  

                    C.             Requires the majority of the expert  
                    panel to be made up of credentialed visual and  
                    performing arts teachers.

                    D.             Requires the SPI and expert panel to  
                    recommend visual and performing arts content standards  
                    for adoption to the SBE and use the National Core Arts  
                    Standards developed by the National Coalition for Core  
                    Arts Standards as the basis for their deliberations.

                    E.             Requires the SPI to hold at least two  
                    public meetings in order for the public to provide  
                    input on the visual and performing arts content  
                    standards.

          2.   Requires the SPI to submit the recommended visual and  
               performing arts standards to the SBE by January 30, 2017.


          3.   Requires the SBE, by June 30, 2017, to adopt, reject, or  
               modify the visual and performing arts standards submitted  
               by the SPI.

          4.   Requires the State Board of Education (SBE), if it modifies  
               the visual and performing arts standards, to provide  
               written reasons for its modifications in a public meeting,  
               and requires the SBE to adopt its modifications to the  








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               standards at a subsequent public meeting by June 30, 2017.   


          5.   Requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) and  
               SBE to present to the Governor and appropriate policy and  
               fiscal committees of the Legislature a schedule and  
               implementation plan for integrating the visual and  
               performing arts content standards into the state  
               educational system.

          6.   States that nothing in this bill is to be construed as  
               mandating an assessment of students in visual or performing  
               arts.

          7.   States Legislative findings and declarations relative to  
               the value of arts education.

          8.   Sunsets the provisions of this bill on July 1, 2017.  

          STAFF COMMENTS
          
          1.   Need for the bill.  According to the author, "Extensive  
               research demonstrates the connection between visual and  
               performing arts education and student engagement.  Arts  
               education contributes to higher test scores and reduced  
               truancy and dropout rates.  It has been fourteen years  
               since California last adopted content standards for Visual  
               and Performing Arts (VAPA).  The National Coalition for  
               Core Arts Standards has developed performance based VAPA  
               standards more closely aligned to the core curriculum and  
               integrated into 21st century career skills.  Students  
               should not be asked to wait any longer for an updated VAPA  
               curriculum."

          2.   Arts before computer science?  Recently enacted legislation  
               requires the consideration of the development of content  
               standards in computer science, by July 31, 2019.  This bill  
               requires the development and adoption of standards in  
               visual and performing arts by June 30, 2017.  High school  
               graduation requirements include one course in visual or  
               performing arts, foreign language, or career technical  
               education.  Standards for visual and performing arts are  
               outdated.  Computer science is a newly-added subject area,  
               relative to academic content standards, and is not a  








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               stand-along state required course required for high school  
               graduation.  Should updated standards in visual and  
               performing arts be adopted prior to the adoption of  
               standards in computer science?  

          3.   Capacity of the California Department of Education.  The  
               California Department of Education, Instructional Quality  
               Commission, or State Board of Education are currently  
               tasked, by statute, with the following activities related  
               to standards and frameworks:

               A.        Authority is provided to the California  
                    Department of Education (CDE) to resume the revision  
                    of the History-Social Science framework that was  
                    suspended in July 2009.  The Instructional Quality  
                    Commission is in the process of completing this work,  
                    but has encountered difficulty in finalizing this  
                    framework and has requested funding in the Budget for  
                    an independent review of their work.

               B.        The Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) is  
                    required to recommend English language development  
                    standards that are aligned with the common core  
                    standards in mathematics and science for adoption by  
                    the State Board of Education (SBE).  Adoption of these  
                    standards is expected in or after July 2015.

               C.        Requires the SBE to consider, by January 31,  
                    2016, the adoption of a revised framework in science,  
                    based on the recently-adopted Next Generation Science  
                    Standards.  Current legislation seeks to delay this  
                    adoption by one year.

               D.        Requires the Instructional Quality Commission to  
                    consider, by July 31, 2019, developing and  
                    recommending the adoption of standards in computer  
                    science.

               There are several activities currently underway that have  
               successive timelines for adoption by the SBE.  The  
               California Department of Education (CDE) has requested  
               funding for an independent review of the proposed revision  
               of the framework in history-social science, and current  
               legislation seeks to delay by one year the consideration of  








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               the adoption of a revised framework in science.  Is it  
               reasonable to expect that the SPI can recommend visual and  
               performing arts standards by January 30, 2017, and the SBE  
               to adopt the standards by June 30, 2017?

          4.   Another approach.  Current legislation (AB 740, Weber)  
               requires the SPI, by January 1, 2017, to recommend to the  
               SBE a schedule for the regular update of academic content  
               standards in all subjects for which standards have been  
               adopted by the SBE.  AB 740 requires the schedule to be  
               aligned to the eight-year cycle of curriculum framework  
               updates and instructional materials adoptions that had been  
               used by the CDE and SBE and remains in statute.  If both  
               this bill and AB 740 process, the author may wish to  
               consider approaching the adoption of updated standards more  
               broadly.

          5.   Technical amendment needed.  This bill requires the SBE, if  
               it modifies the visual and performing arts standards, to  
               provide written reasons for its modifications in a public  
               meeting, and requires the SBE to adopt its modifications to  
               the standards at a subsequent public meeting by June 30,  
               2017.  However, that is the same date that the SBE is  
               required to initially act on the standards.  Adoption of  
               modified standards should be adopted at a public meeting  
               subsequent to June 30.  The full schedule of 2017 meeting  
               dates for the SBE is 


               not posted, and therefore, staff recommends an amendment to  
               change this date to "no sooner than the next regularly  
               scheduled public meeting of the State Board of Education."

          6.   Fiscal impact.  According to the Assembly Appropriations  
               Committee's analysis of similar prior legislation, this  
               bill could impose a cost of between $850,000 and $1  
               million.
          
          7.   Related and prior legislation.
          
          RELATED LEGISLATION

          AB 740 (Weber, 2015) requires the Superintendent of Public  
               Instruction (SPI), by January 1, 2017, to recommend to the  








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               State Board of Education (SBE) a schedule for the regular  
               update of academic content standards in all subjects for  
               which standards have been adopted by the SBE.  AB 740 is  
               pending in the Assembly Appropriations Committee.

          AB 711 (Santiago, 2015) requires the SBE to adopt World  
               Languages content standards that are in accordance with the  
               World-Readiness Standards for Learning Languages by June 1,  
               2017.  AB 711 is pending in the Assembly Appropriations  
               Committee.

          SB 652 (Allen, 2015) delays by one year, until January 31, 2017,  
               the date by which the SBE is required to consider the  
               adoption of a revised framework for science.  SB 652 is  
               scheduled to be heard by this Committee on April 29.

          PRIOR LEGISLATION

          SB 1057 (Corbett) requires the SPI to recommended history-social  
               science content standards to the SBE on or before March 30,  
               2018, and requires the SBE to adopt, reject, or modify the  
               history-social science content standards by July 30, 2018.

            SUPPORT
          
          American Choral Directors Association
          California Alliance for Arts Education
          California Alliance for Jazz
          California Arts Education Association
          California Band Directors Association
          California Chapter of the American String Teachers Association
          California Chapter of the Educational Theatre Association
          California Dance Education Association
          California Educational Theatre Association
          California Federation of Teachers
          California Music Educators Association
          California Orchestra Directors Association
          California State University, Channel Islands, School of  
          Education
          California Teachers Association
          College Park High School Choir Program
          El Cerrito High School, Visual Art Department Chair
          Livermore High School Theatre
          Luna Dance Institute








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          Music Association of California Community Colleges
          National Association for Music Merchants
          Performing Arts Workshop
          Quincy Jones Productions
          Rancho Bernardo High School Instrumental Music Program
          San Diego Music Studio
          San Jose City College, Division of Humanities and Social  
          Science, Director of Dance
          San Jose City College, Theatre Arts Department
          Southern California Vocal Association
          West Contra Costa Unified School District
          Numerous individuals

            OPPOSITION
           
           None received.

                                      -- END --