BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    






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                                    THIRD READING


          Bill No:  SB 725
          Author:   Hancock (D)
          Amended:  6/2/15  
          Vote:     21  

           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE:  9-0, 4/22/15
           AYES:  Liu, Runner, Block, Hancock, Leyva, Mendoza, Monning,  
            Pan, Vidak

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE:  7-0, 5/28/15
           AYES:  Lara, Bates, Beall, Hill, Leyva, Mendoza, Nielsen

           SUBJECT:   Pupil instruction and services:  visual and  
                     performing arts content standards


           SOURCE:    California Arts Education Association
                      California Music Educators Association


          DIGEST:  This bill requires the State Board of Education (SBE)  
          to adopt content standards in visual and performing arts by June  
          30, 2017, only if the SBE adopts a schedule for the regular  
          update of academic content standards in all subjects.


          ANALYSIS:   Existing law requires or authorizes the SBE to adopt  
          the following academic content standards:


          1)The California Common Core Standards in English language arts  
            and mathematics were adopted on August 2, 2010.  (Education  
            Code  60605.8)








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          2)English language development standards that are aligned with  
            the common core standards in English language arts in November  
            7, 2012.  (Former EC  60811.3)

          3)A modification of the previously adopted common core standards  
            in mathematics in January 2013.  (EC  60605.11)

          4)Revised Career Technical Education Model Curriculum Standards  
            on January 16, 2013.  (EC  51226)

          5)The Next Generation Science Standards on September 4, 2013.   
            (Former EC  60605.85)

          6)English language development standards that are aligned with  
            the common core standards in mathematics and science.   
            Existing law requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction  
            (SPI) to submit recommendations to the SBE by January 2015,  
            and requires the SBE to adopt updated standards by August 1,  
            2015.  However, according to the California Department of  
            Education's (CDE) Web site, the panel of experts has just  
            recently been convened, and it is anticipated that the SPI  
            will provide recommendations to the SBE in July 2015; it is  
            unclear if adoption by the SBE expected later than the  
            statutory deadline of August 1, 2015.  (EC  60811.4)

          7)The Instructional Quality Commission is required to consider  
            developing and recommending to the SBE standards in computer  
            science by July 31, 2019.  (EC  60605.4)

          This bill:  

       1)Requires the SBE to adopt visual and performing arts content  
            standards only if the SBE adopts a schedule recommended by the  
            SPI for the regular update of academic content standards in  
            all subjects for which academic content standards have been  
            adopted by the SBE.

       2)Requires the visual and performing arts standards to be adopted  
            pursuant to the following requirements:

               a)        Requires the SPI, in consultation with the SBE,  
               to convene a panel of visual and performing arts experts.








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               b)        Requires the SPI to ensure that members of the  
               expert panel represent the breadth of the visual and  
               performing arts and include, but is not limited to,  
               elementary and secondary visual and performing arts  
               teachers, school principals, school district or county  
               office of education administrators, and university  
               professors.  

               c)        Requires the majority of the expert panel to be  
               made up of credentialed visual and performing arts  
               teachers.

               d)        Requires the SPI and expert panel to recommend  
               visual and performing arts content standards for adoption  
               to the SBE and use the National Core Arts Standards  
               developed by the National Coalition for Core Arts Standards  
               as the basis for their deliberations.

               e)        Requires the SPI to hold at least two public  
               meetings in order for the public to provide input on the  
               visual and performing arts content standards.

       3)Requires the SPI to submit the recommended visual and performing  
            arts standards to the SBE by January 30, 2017.

       4)Requires the SBE, by June 30, 2017, to adopt, reject, or modify  
            the visual and performing arts standards submitted by the SPI.

       5)Requires the SBE, if it modifies the visual and performing arts  
            standards, to provide written reasons for its modifications in  
            a public meeting, and requires the SBE to adopt its  
            modifications to the standards no sooner than the next  
            regularly scheduled public meeting of the SBE.  

       6)States that nothing in this bill is to be construed as mandating  
            an assessment of students in visual or performing arts.

       7)States legislative findings and declarations relative to the  
            value of arts education.

       8)Sunsets the provisions of this bill on January 1, 2018.  

          Background








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          Academic content standards define the knowledge, concepts, and  
          skills that students should acquire at each grade level.   
          Curricular frameworks are the blueprint for implementing the  
          standards, and include criteria by which instructional materials  
          are evaluated.

          Standards in several subject areas were adopted by the SBE  
          beginning in the late 1990s; standards in visual and performing  
          arts were adopted in January 2001.  There is no statutory  
          authority for the review or updating of standards.  A schedule  
          once existed for the review and update of frameworks and  
          instructional materials in many subject areas, but those  
          processes were suspended on July 28, 2009 due to budget  
          constraints.  Specific authority has since been provided to  
          develop new standards in specific subjects (statutory authority  
          was also provided to develop frameworks and instructional  
          materials in some of these subjects).


          Comments


          Arts before computer science.  Recently enacted legislation  
          requires the consideration of the development of content  
          standards in computer science, by 


          July 31, 2019.  This bill requires the development and adoption  
          of standards in visual and performing arts by June 30, 2017.   
          High school graduation requirements include one course in visual  
          or performing arts, foreign language, or career technical  
          education.  Standards for visual and performing arts are  
          outdated.  Computer science is a newly-added subject area,  
          relative to academic content standards, and is not a stand-along  
          state required course required for high school graduation.  
          Another approach.  Current legislation (AB 740, Weber) requires  
          the SPI, by January 1, 2017, to recommend to the SBE a schedule  
          for the regular update of academic content standards in all  
          subjects for which standards have been adopted by the SBE.  AB  
          740 requires the schedule to be aligned to the eight-year cycle  
          of curriculum framework updates and instructional materials  
          adoptions that had been used by the CDE and SBE and remains in  
          statute.  







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          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:YesLocal:   No


          According to the Senate Appropriations Committee:


           To the extent the SBE adopts a schedule to regularly update  
            content standards, this bill creates costs to the CDE of $1.2  
            million General Fund over two years.  This estimate includes  
            costs for the advisory committee as specified in this bill,  
            and for additional staff (5.7 positions) to support committees  
            and draft the standards.

           Updating visual and performing arts content standards could  
            create a cost pressure in future years to update corresponding  
            curriculum frameworks, instructional materials, professional  
            development, and assessments.  


          SUPPORT:   (Verified6/1/15)


          California Art Education Association (co-source)
          California Music Educators Association (co-source)
          American Choral Directors Association
          California Alliance for Arts Education
          California Alliance for Jazz
          California Band Directors Association
          California Chapter of the American String Teachers Association
          California Chapter of the Educational Theatre Association
          California Dance Education Association
          California Educational Theatre Association
          California Federation of Teachers
          California Orchestra Directors Association
          California State PTA
          California State University, Channel Islands, School of  
          Education
          California Teachers Association
          California Thespians
          College Park High School Choir Program
          El Cerrito High School, Visual Art Department Chair







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          Livermore High School Theatre
          Luna Dance Institute
          Music Association of California Community Colleges
          National Association for Music Merchants
          Performing Arts Workshop
          Quincy Jones Productions
          Rancho Bernardo High School Instrumental Music Program
          San Diego Music Studio
           San Jose City College, Division of Humanities and Social  
            Science, Director of Dance
          San Jose City College, Theatre Arts Department
          Southern California Vocal Association
          St. Patrick-St. Vincent High Schools
          West Contra Costa Unified School District
          World Projects


          OPPOSITION:   (Verified6/1/15)


          None received


          ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT:     According to this bill's co-sponsor,  
          California Art Education Association, California's current  
          visual and performing arts standards were approved in 2001, and  
          in the past 15 years education has seen a major shift to problem  
          solving, creativity, critical thinking and visual learning.   
          Teachers need standards that reflect 21st Century learning  
          skills.  California has creative industries that represent more  
          than $270 billion in our economy.  These design, entertainment,  
          media, and technology sectors require employees with visual arts  
          skills and knowledge.  



          Prepared by:Lynn Lorber / ED. / (916) 651-4105
          6/3/15 9:03:43


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