BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



          SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION
                              Senator Carol Liu, Chair
                                2015 - 2016  Regular 

          Bill No:             SB 906              
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          |Author:    |Beall                                                |
          |-----------+-----------------------------------------------------|
          |Version:   |January 25, 2016                         Hearing     |
          |           |Date:   March 9, 2016                                |
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          |Urgency:   |No                     |Fiscal:    | Yes             |
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          |Consultant:|Kathleen Chavira                                     |
          |           |                                                     |
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          Subject:  Public postsecondary education:  priority enrollment  
          systems


            SUMMARY
          
          This bill conforms the definition of "foster youth or former  
          foster youth," for the purposes of priority registration at the  
          University of California (UC), the California State University  
          (CSU), and the California Community Colleges (CCC), to existing  
          state higher education program definitions, deletes the sunset  
          on the extension of priority registration to foster youth or  
          former foster youth, and deletes the sunset on the extension of  
          priority registration to Extended Opportunity Programs and  
          Services (EOPS) students and Disabled Student Programs and  
          Services (DSPS) students at the California Community Colleges. 

            BACKGROUND
          
          Current law requires, if the institution administers a priority  
          enrollment system for registration, that the CSU and each CCC  
          district, and requests that the UC, grant priority enrollment,  
          to any current or former foster youth, and repeals these  
          provisions on January 1, 2017.  (EC  66025.9)

          Current law establishes the Community College EOPS to extend  
          opportunities for community college education to all who may  
          profit regardless of economic, social and educational status,  
          and to encourage local community colleges to identify students  
          affected by economic, language, and social disadvantages and  







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          encourage their enrollment and achievement of their educational  
          objectives and goals. The Board of Governors is required to  
          adopt regulations with the objective that the EOPS programs  
          include qualified counseling staff, facilitation of transfer,  
          and enrollment in courses necessary to develop successful study  
          skills, as specified. Current law also authorizes local  
          community college governing boards to provide services that may  
          include loans or grants for living costs, student fees, and  
          transportation costs and also scholarships, work-experience and  
          job placement programs.  (EC  69640 -  69656)

          Current law requires each CCC district that administers a  
          priority enrollment system for registration to grant priority  
          registration for enrollment to students in the EOPS program and  
          to disabled students, as specified, and repeals these provisions  
          on January 1, 2017.  (EC  66025.91)
            



          ANALYSIS
          
          This bill:

          1)   Redefines "foster youth or former foster youth," for  
               purposes of priority registration at California's public  
               higher education segments, to conform to definitions  
               consistent with the California Chaffee Foster Youth Grant  
               program and the community colleges Cooperating Agencies  
               Foster Youth Educational Support Program.  More  
               specifically, these students are defined as those who meet  
               both the following criteria:

                    a)             Dependency was established or continued  
                    by the court on or after the youth's 16th birthday.

                    b)             Are no older than 25 years of age at  
                    the commencement of the academic year.

          2)   Deletes the sunset on the requirement (and in the case of  
               the University of California, the request) that the  
               California State University and each community college  
               district grant priority registration for enrollment to a  
               foster youth or former foster youth, thereby permanently  








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               extending this priority for these students.

          3)   Deletes the sunset on the extension of priority  
               registration to Extended Opportunity Programs and Services  
               students and disabled students at the California Community  
               Colleges, thereby permanently extending registration  
               priority to these students.

          STAFF COMMENTS
          
          1)   Need for the bill.  This bill, sponsored by the Board of  
               Governors of the California Community Colleges would  
               statutorily require the extension of priority enrollment  
               consistent with existing regulations adopted by the BOG.  
               
               According to the author, foster youth, students with  
               disabilities, and low-income students all experience  
               academic success rates disproportionately lower than the  
               general population.  The author cites various reports  
               issued between 2009 and 2001 that indicate; 1) while half  
               of all people from high-income families have a bachelor's  
               degree by age 25, only 10 percent of people from low-income  
               families do; 2) only 29 percent of students with  
               disabilities left having graduated or completed their  
               postsecondary education program; 3) only 8 percent of  
               foster youth had a postsecondary degree from either a  
               2-year or a 4-year school. 

          2)   Existing state foster youth definitions.  This bill  
               redefines "foster youth and former foster youth" for the  
               purposes of priority registration.  The intent is to  
               conform the definition for this purpose with the  
               definitions for two existing programs designed to serve  
               foster youth in postsecondary education.  

               The California Chafee Foster Youth Grant program is a  
               federal and state funded program that provides financial  
               assistance for current or former California foster youth  
               for college or career and technical training.  Chafee  
               Grants may also be used to pay for child care, rent, and  
               transportation while the recipient is in school.  

               To qualify, the applicant, among other things, must be a  
               current or former foster 








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               youth who was a dependent or ward of the court, living in  
          foster care, between 
               the ages of 16 and 18 and must not have reached his/her  
          22nd birthday as of 
               July 1st of the award year.

               The Cooperating Agencies Foster Youth Educational Support  
               program, established by SB 1023 (Liu, Chapter 771, Statutes  
               of 2014), authorizes the California Community Colleges  
               (CCC) Chancellors Office to enter into agreements with up  
               to 10 CCC districts to establish an additional supplemental  
               component of the Extended Opportunity Programs and Services  
               (EOPS) in order to provide additional funds for services in  
               support of postsecondary education for foster youth.  The  
               2015-16 Budget Act provided up to $15 million for this  
               purpose.  A student participant in this program must be a  
               current or former foster youth in California whose  
               dependency was established or continued by the court on or  
               after the youth's 16th birthday and be no older than 25  
               years of age at the commencement of any academic year in  
               which he or she participates in the program. 

          3)   Existing community college enrollment priority categories.   
               Current law extends registration priority to foster youth  
               and to EOPS students and Disabled Student Programs and  
               Services (DSPS) students at the community colleges until  
               January 1, 2017.  In addition, current law grants priority  
               enrollment registration to any member or former member of  
               the Armed Forces, as specified.  

               Enrollment policies related to the implementation of the  
               system's Student Success Initiative (SSI) have also been  
               implemented.  The Legislature has provided significant  
               funding for the Student Services Support Program (SSSP)  
               established by SB 1425 (Lowenthal, Chapter 624, Statutes of  
               2013) to provide targeted services such as orientation,  
               assessment, and counseling and advising to assist students  
               with the development of education plans.  The Board of  
               Governors have implemented a number of related regulatory  
               and administrative changes, including the provision of  
               higher enrollment priority to students who have  
               participated in these targeted services.  Districts are  
               also now required to notify students that accumulating 100  
               degree applicable units or being on academic or progress  








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               probation for two consecutive terms will result in the loss  
               of enrollment priority.  

               AB 595 (Gomez, Chapter 704 Statutes of 2013), among other  
               things, established the Legislature's intent that any  
               student who receives priority registration for enrollment  
               (which would include veterans, EOPS students, foster youth,  
               and DSPS students) shall comply with the requirements of  
               the Student Success Initiative.  These provisions were  
               adopted in order to ensure that the enrollment priorities  
               supported, and did not undermine, statutory and regulatory  
               efforts to ensure the development of statewide strategies  
               and to incentivize student behaviors that result in student  
               success.  

               According to the sponsor, it is the expectation that  
               students granted priority enrollment by the provisions of  
               this bill will comply with EC 66602.95 which clarifies  
               that any student who receives priority registration shall  
               participate in SSSP programs and services including  
               orientation, assessment, counseling, and the development of  
               an education plan, among other things.   

          4)   Net effect?  In 2014-15 the CCC enrolled over 2.3 million  
               students.  Of these, 121,406 were disabled students, over  
               15,000 were foster youth and, the CCC were allocated about  
               $79 million for the EOPS program and served about 79,000  
               EOPS students statewide.  Additionally, according to the  
               CCC, in 2014-15 more than 61,000 veterans, who also receive  
               priority enrollment, utilized education benefits at a  
               California community college. 

               Given the limited EOPS funding provided, not all students  
               who meet the criteria for the EOPS program are able to be  
               served. This population could include AB 540 students,  
               CalWORKs recipients (about 30,800 enrolled in the  
               California Community Colleges in 2014-15), as well as other  
               students who are faced with educational, financial, or  
               personal disadvantages. Although these students may have  
               complied with the statutory and regulatory Student Success  
               Initiative requirements, these students are extended  
               priority enrollment only after veterans, foster youth,  
               disabled students and students fortunate enough to be  
               served through an Extended Opportunity Programs and  








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               Services program have received priority enrollment.   

          5)   Prior legislation.  

               a)        AB 595 (Gomez, Chapter 704, Statutes of 2013)  
                    required a community college district that administers  
                    a priority enrollment system to grant priority  
                    registration for enrollment to students in the  
                    Extended Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS)  
                    programs and to disabled students, as defined and also  
                    established the Legislature's intent that any student  
                    who receives priority registration for enrollment  
                    shall comply with the requirements of the Student  
                    Success Initiative.

               b)        SB 2133 (Blumenfield, Chapter 400, Statutes of  
                    2012) required a veteran to use their four years of  
                    priority enrollment at the University of California,  
                    California State University, and California Community  
                    Colleges within 15 years of leaving active duty. The  
                    bill also required that veterans receiving priority  
                    enrollment comply with the requirements of the Student  
                    Success Act of 2012.

               c)        AB 194 (Beall, Chapter 458, Statutes of 2011)  
                    until July 1, 2017, required a community college  
                    district to grant priority enrollment for registration  
                    to any current or former foster youth, if the  
                    institution already administers a priority enrollment  
                    system, and repeals these provisions on January 1,  
                    2017.

               d)        SB 813 (Committee on Veteran Affairs, Chapter  
                    375, Statutes of 2011) extended the time frame for  
                    eligibility for priority enrollment for veterans at  
                    the University of California (UC), California State  
                    University (CSU), and California Community Colleges  
                    (CCC) from two years to four years.  

               e)        SB 272 (Runner, Chapter 356, Statutes of 2007)  
                    extended priority enrollment at the UC, CSU and CCC  
                    for a veteran who is a resident of California and who  
                    has received an honorable discharge, a general  
                    discharge, or an other than honorable discharge for  








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                    any academic term attended at one of these  
                    institutions within two years of leaving state or  
                    federal active duty, if the institution already  
                    administered a priority enrollment system.

            SUPPORT
          
          Alameda County Office of Education
          American Academy of Pediatrics
          Berkeley Hope Scholars, University of California at Berkeley
          Board of Governors, California Community Colleges
          CA Alliance of Child and Family Services
          California Community Colleges Extended Opportunity Programs and  
               Services (EOPS)  Association
          California State University Chico Student Learning Center
          Chaffey Community College District
          Children Now
          East Bay Children's Law Offices
          Faculty Association of California Community Colleges
          Family Care Network, Inc.
          Foster Care Counts
          Foster Youth Success Program, College of the Siskiyous
          Fred Finch Youth Center
          Guardian Scholars Program, California State University Monterey  
          Bay
          Inspiring Scholars of Butte-Glenn Community College
          John Burton Foundation
          Kamali'I Foster Family Agency
          Larkin Street Youth Services
          Orange Coast College Guardian Scholars Program
          PATH Scholars, California State University Chico
          Peacock Acres, Inc.
          Renaissance Scholars Program, California State University Fresno
          Smith Renaissance Society at the University of California Santa  
          Cruz
          VOICES Youth Centers of California 
          Walden Family Services
          Western Center on Law and Poverty
          Youth and Family Services YMCA
          90+ Letters from individuals
            
          OPPOSITION
           
           None received.








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