BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                     SB 906


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          Date of Hearing:   June 28, 2016


                        ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON HUMAN SERVICES


                                Susan Bonilla, Chair


          SB  
          906 (Beall) - As Amended May 19, 2016


          SENATE VOTE:  38-0


          SUBJECT:  Public postsecondary education:  priority enrollment  
          systems


          SUMMARY:  Clarifies the definition of "foster youth or former  
          foster youth" for purposes of priority registration at the  
          University of California (UC), California State University  
          (CSU), and California Community Colleges (CCC), and repeals the  
          sunset date of January 1, 2017, for the provision of priority  
          registration to foster youth and former foster youth, and to  
          students in the Extended Opportunity Programs and Services  
          (EOPS) and eligible for Disabled Student Programs and Services  
          (DSPS) at the CCC, as specified.  


          EXISTING LAW:  


          1)Requires for the CSU and each CCC district, and requests for  
            the UC, if a postsecondary institution administers a priority  
            enrollment system for registration, that priority enrollment  
            be granted to any current or former foster youth, and repeals  
            these provisions on January 1, 2017.  (EDC 66025.9)








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          2)Requires each CCC district that administers a priority  
            enrollment system for registration to grant priority  
            registration for enrollment to students in the Extended  
            Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS) program and to  
            students with disabilities, as specified, and repeals these  
            provisions on January 1, 2017.  (EDC 66025.91)


          3)Establishes the CCC EOPS to extend opportunities for community  
            college education to all who may profit regardless of  
            economic, social and educational status, and to encourage  
            local community colleges to identify students affected by  
            economic, language, and social disadvantages and encourage  
            their enrollment and achievement of their educational  
            objectives and goals.  (EDC 69640 et seq.)


          4)Requires the CCC Board of Governors (BOG) to adopt regulations  
            with the objective that the EOPS programs include qualified  
            counseling staff, facilitation of transfer, and enrollment in  
            courses necessary to develop successful study skills, as  
            specified.  Authorizes local community college governing  
            boards to provide services that may include loans or grants  
            for living costs, student fees, and transportation costs and  
            also scholarships, work-experience and job placement programs.  
             (EDC 69640 et seq.)


          FISCAL EFFECT:  According to the Senate Appropriations  
          Committee, pursuant to Senate Rule 28.8, this bill may result in  
          negligible state costs.


          COMMENTS:  


          Child Welfare Services:  The purpose of California's Child  








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          Welfare Services (CWS) system is to protect children from abuse  
          and neglect and provide for their health and safety.  When  
          children are identified as being at risk of abuse, neglect or  
          abandonment, county juvenile courts hold legal jurisdiction and  
          children are served by the CWS system through the appointment of  
          a social worker.  There are currently over 62,000 children and  
          youth in California's child welfare system; over 14,000 of these  
          youths are between the ages of 16 and 20.


          Educating California's foster youth:  California's public school  
          system can play a vital role in ensuring that children in the  
          child welfare system receive the foundation needed to find  
          academic success, and the positive outcomes associated with an  
          education, later in life.  According to a 2013 study conducted  
          by the Stuart Foundation entitled "At Greater Risk, California  
          Foster Youth and the Path from High School to College," only 45%  
          of foster youth completed high school, compared to 53% of  
          similarly disadvantaged youth and 79% of the general student  
          population.  Likewise, 43% of foster youth enrolled in a  
          community college, compared to 46% of similarly disadvantaged  
          youth and 59% of the general student population. 


          It is also important to note the difference in demographics  
          between foster youth and the general youth population.   
          According to the Stuart Foundation study, nearly a quarter of  
          foster youth had a disability, compared to 10% of the general  
          youth population; one-third of foster youth were of  
          African-American descent compared to 10% of the general student  
          population; and more than half of foster youth (56%) were girls,  
          though girls make up one-half of general population youth.   
          Similarly, foster youth in California were more likely to attend  
          schools with low performance rankings; about half of foster  
          youth attended schools in the bottom 30% of the school  
          performance distribution based on California's Academic  
          Performance Index (API).  Based on additional research, the  
          study concluded that foster youth are less likely than other  
          disadvantaged youth to complete high school, enroll in community  








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          college, or remain in community college for a second year.   
          Status as a foster youth was directly correlated with  a youth's  
          low rate of high school completion and lower rates of community  
          college enrollment and persistence.


          The study also found that by the age of 26, foster youth,  
          students with disabilities, and low-income students were much  
          less likely to hold a post-secondary education degree.  Only 6%  
          of foster youth, 10% of low-income students, and 29% of students  
          with disabilities will ever hold a degree.  By comparison, half  
          of the population that is not low-income, living with  
          disabilities, or in foster care, hold a degree.


          Priority enrollment:  While 70% of California foster youth  
          express a desire to go to college, approximately 20% of foster  
          youth attend college and only 2-3% of those youth actually  
          graduate.  Successful completion of a college degree depends on  
          a variety of factors, but arguably the most important factor is  
          ensuring that students are able to enroll in the classes they  
          need.  Many students experience the frustration of attempting to  
          enroll in core classes, only to find that all available  
          positions in the classes are filled within a matter of minutes.   
          According to the National Center for Youth Law, in 2012 it was  
          estimated that between 1,500 and 3,000 college students who were  
          foster youth between the ages of 18 and 22 utilized priority  
          registration on college campuses.  This service is vital for  
          youth who lack an existing support system and are forced to  
          navigate the intricacies of collegiate life on their own.


          Extended Opportunity Programs and Services (EOPS):  The CCC  
          system administers the EOPS program on its campuses and seeks to  
          encourage the enrollment, retention, and transfer of students  
          who face barriers due to language, social, economic and  
          educational disadvantages.  EOPS also seeks to facilitate the  
          successful completion of student goals and objectives while in  
          college by offering academic and support counseling, financial  








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          aid and other support services that extend beyond the  
          traditional services offered on college campuses.  Students are  
          eligible for EOPS if they meet certain criteria, including  
          financial and education requirements.  Approximately 75,776  
          students were EOPS students in 2014-15.


          Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS):  The DSPS program  
          was created to provide support services, specialized  
          instruction, and educational accommodations to students with  
          disabilities so that they can participate as fully and benefit  
          as equitably from the college experience as their peers without  
          disabilities.  A Student Educational Contract (SEC) is developed  
          for each student which links a student's goals, curriculum  
          program, and academic accommodations to his or her specific  
          disability-related educational limitation.  Approximately  
          121,410 DSPS students were enrolled in the CCC system during the  
          2014-15 school year.


          Need for this bill:  According to the author's office, "A 2013  
          study by the Center for Social Services Research measured the  
          academic achievement of foster youth, students with disabilities  
          and low-income students, and found that these groups fared  
          significantly worse than the general population in a range of  
          areas, including the percentage who initially enter community  
          college and persist one year.  By age 26, each of these student  
          populations is much less likely to hold a post-secondary  
          education degree.  For foster youth, 6 percent will hold a  
          college degree, 10% of low-income students and 29% of students  
          with a disability, as compared to half of the population that is  
          not low-income, disabled or in foster care.  Priority  
          registration enables students to register for courses before the  
          larger student population, thereby allowing them to secure  
          required courses, shorten the time to degree completion and  
          reduce financial aid utilization.  We know priority registration  
          works.  According to a November 2015 survey, 7,879 foster youth  
          utilized priority registration in the 2014-15 academic year.   
          Similarly high levels of utilization have been reported for  








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          low-income students and students with disabilities.  This bill  
          ensures that our most vulnerable students receive the  
          opportunity to secure their courses and strive for college  
          completion."


          PRIOR AND RELATED LEGISLATION 


          AB 2506 (Thurmond), 2016, would, among others, address the low  
          rates of college persistence and completion among foster youth  
          in the state, by requiring the California Student Aid Commission  
          to provide a Chafee Educational and Training Voucher to  
          qualified students attending qualifying institutions.  This bill  
          is awaiting hearing in the Senate Education Committee.


          AB 595 (Gomez), Chapter 704, Statutes of 2013, required a  
          community college district that administers a priority  
          enrollment system to grant priority registration for enrollment  
          to students in the EOPS programs and to disabled students, as  
          defined; it also established the Legislature's intent that any  
          student who receives priority registration for enrollment shall  
          comply with the requirements of the Student Success Initiative. 


          AB 2133 (Blumenfield), Chapter 400, Statutes of 2012, required a  
          veteran to use his/her four years of priority enrollment at the  
          UC, CSU, and CCC within 15 years of leaving active duty; and,  
          required that veterans receiving priority enrollment comply with  
          the requirements of the Student Success Act of 2012. 


          AB 194 (Beall), Chapter 458, Statutes of 2011, until July 1,  
          2017, required a community college district to grant priority  
          enrollment for registration to any current or former foster  
          youth, if the institution already administered a priority  
          enrollment system, and repealed these provisions on January 1,  
          2017. 








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          SB 813 (Committee on Veteran Affairs), Chapter 375, Statutes of  
          2011, extended the time frame for eligibility for priority  
          enrollment for veterans at the UC, CSU, and CCC from two years  
          to four years. 


          SB 272 (Runner), Chapter 356, Statutes of 2007, extended  
          priority enrollment at the UC, CSU, and CCC for a veteran who is  
          a resident of California and who has received an honorable  
          discharge, a general discharge, or an other than honorable  
          discharge for any academic term attended at one of these  
          institutions within two years of leaving state or federal active  
          duty, if the institution already administered a priority  
          enrollment system.


           SECOND COMMITTEE OF REFERENCE  .  This bill was previously heard  
          in the Assembly Higher Education Committee on June 14, 2016, and  
          was approved on a 13-0 vote.



          REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION:




          Support


          Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges -  
          sponsor


          CA Community Colleges Extended Opportunity Programs & Services  
          Assoc.- co-sponsor









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          John Burton Foundation - sponsor


          Alameda County Office of Education 


          American Academy of Pediatrics 


          CA Association for Postsecondary Education and Disability 


          Cabrillo College's Foster Youth Independence Program


          California Alliance of Child and Family Services 


          California Faculty Association


          California Federation of Teachers 


          California State Association of Counties 


          California State Student Association 


          California State University, Chico 


          California State University, Fresno, Renaissance Scholars  
          Program


          California State University, Fullerton, Guardian Scholar Program








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          California State University, Los Angeles, Educational  
          Opportunity Program (EOP) 


          California State University, Monterey Bay, Guardian Scholar  
          Program


          California State University, San Marcos 


          California Teachers Association 


          CCC Student Financial Aid Administrators Association 


          Centennial High School 


          Cerritos College, Leaders Involved in Creating Change (LINC)  
          Program 


          Children Now


          College of the Canyons, Foster Youth Program 


          College of the Siskiyous, Foster Youth Success Program 


          County of San Bernardino


          Cuymaca College Unlimited Potential! Program (UP!)








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          David & Margaret Youth and Family Services 


          Disability Rights California 


          East Bay Children's Law Offices 


          EOPS and foster youth at Cerritos College


          Faculty Association of California Community Colleges 


          Family Care Network Inc. 


          Feather River College 


          First Place For Youth


          Foothill-De Anza Community College District 


          Foster Care Counts 


          Guardian Scholars at Pierce College 


          Hillsides 


          Imperial Valley Regional Occupational Program 








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          Inspiring Scholars of Butte-Glenn Community College 


          Junior League of Orange County, Inc. (42 signatures)


          Junior League of San Diego 


          Junior Leagues of California 


          Kamali'i Foster Family Agency 


          Larkin Street Youth Services 


          Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce


          Los Rios Community College District 


          Mission College


          National Association of Social Workers, CA Chapter  


          Norco College 


          Orange Coast College 


          Peacock Acres 








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          Peralta Community College District 


          Reedley College 


          San Bernardino Valley College, Guardian Scholars 


          San Diego Community College District 


          San Joaquin County Independent Living Program 


          Santa Barbara Community College, Guardian Scholors 


          Shasta College


          Smith Renaissance Society at UC Santa Cruz 


          Solano Community College 


          South Orange County Community College District 


          The Arc and United Cerebral Palsy Collaboration 


          The Campaign for College Opportunity 


          University of California 








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          VOICES Youth Centers of California 


          Walden Family Services 


          Western Center on Law and Poverty 


          Youth and Family Services YMCA of Santa Barbara




          Opposition


          None on file.




          Analysis Prepared by:Kelsy Castillo / HUM. S. / (916)  
          319-2089