BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



          SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION
                              Senator Carol Liu, Chair
                                2015 - 2016  Regular 

          Bill No:             SB 916             
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          |Author:    |Allen                                                |
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          |Version:   |January 27, 2016                       Hearing Date: |
          |           |   April 20, 2016                                    |
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          |Urgency:   |No                     |Fiscal:    |Yes              |
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          |Consultant:|Lenin Del Castillo                                   |
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          Subject:  Teacher credentialing


            SUMMARY
          
          This bill adds dance and theatre credentials to the existing  
          list of 13 single subject credentials the Commission on Teacher  
          Credentialing (CTC) is authorized to issue.  

            BACKGROUND
          
          Existing law:

             1)    Authorizes the CTC to issue single subject teaching  
               credentials in the following 13 subjects: agriculture, art,  
               business, English, foreign language, health science, home  
               economics, industrial and technology education,  
               mathematics, music, physical education, science, and social  
               science.  The CTC is authorized to issue the single subject  
               credential in foreign language with an authorization to  
               teach Chinese, French, German, Russian, Spanish, or any  
               other language that the CTC determines is appropriate.   
               (Education Code  44257) 

             2)   Authorizes the CTC to issue a multiple or single subject  
               teaching credential with a specified concentration in a  
               particular subject based upon the depth of an applicant's  
               preparation in an important subject of the school  
               curriculum in order to ensure excellence in teaching in  
               specific subjects.  







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               (Education Code  44257.2)

             3)   Authorizes the CTC to issue credentials for teaching  
               specialties, including bilingual education, early childhood  
               education, and special education.  Education specialist  
               teaching credentials are to be based upon a baccalaureate  
               degree from an accredited institution, completion of a  
               program of professional preparation, and standards that the  
               CTC may establish.  
          (Education Code  44265)

             4)   Specifies that school districts maintaining grades 7-12  
               must offer, among other courses, visual and performing  
               arts, including art, music, theatre, or dance, with  
               emphasis upon development of aesthetic appreciation and the  
               skills of creative expression.   (Education Code  51220)




            ANALYSIS
          
          This bill:

          1)   Adds dance and theatre credentials to the existing list of  
               13 single subject credentials the Commission on Teacher  
               Credentialing (CTC) is authorized to issue.  

          2)   Provides that a person issued a single subject teaching  
               credential in English before the establishment of a single  
               subject teaching credential in theatre is authorized to  
               teach theatre.

          3)   Provides that a person issued a single subject teaching  
               credential in physical education before the establishment  
               of a single subject teaching credential in dance is  
               authorized to teach dance.

          4)   Provides that nothing in this section shall be construed to  
               prohibit a school district from employing a person who  
               holds a single subject teaching credential in another  
               subject with an authorization to teach theatre from  
               teaching theatre, or a person who holds a single subject  
               teaching credential in another subject with an  








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               authorization to teach dance from teaching dance.

          STAFF COMMENTS
          
          1)   Need for the bill.    According to the author's office, "in  
               order to teach dance, a teacher must obtain a credential in  
               physical education, even though the standards for teaching  
               dance are separate from the standards for teaching physical  
               education.  Similarly, to teach theatre, an instructor must  
               obtain an English credential, even though an English  
               credential provides no training in theatre instruction.   
               Dance and theatre are the only two subject areas with  
               discrete subject standards that are not taught under their  
               own single-subject credential."  

               The author's office indicates that dance and theatre  
               undergraduate majors are prevalent in California with 73  
               public and private colleges and universities offering dance  
               majors, and 131 colleges offering theatre majors.  These  
               students earning degrees in dance or theatre are unable to  
               teach in their respective fields unless they get a  
               credential in physical education or English.

          2)   Visual and performing arts framework.  Existing law  
               specifies that school districts maintaining grades 7-12  
               must offer courses in visual and performing arts, including  
               art, music, theatre, or dance, with emphasis upon  
               development if aesthetic appreciation and the skills of  
               creative expression.  Additionally, the framework and  
               content standards for visual and performing arts adopted by  
               the State Board of Education include the four disciplines  
               of dance, music, theater, and visual arts.  Two of these  
               content areas, art and music, have single subject  
               credential authorizations.  However, the other two content  
               areas of dance and theatre do not have single subject  
               credentials despite having discrete content standards.       
                   
          
          3)   Current options for teaching theatre and dance.  As  
               indicated above under Comment No. 2, single subject  
               credentials in dance or theatre do not currently exist in  
               the state.  Those subjects are subsumed within the physical  
               education and English single subject credentials.  There  
               are subject matter authorizations which may be added to  








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               single subject, multiple subject, standard elementary,  
               standard secondary, and special secondary teaching  
               credentials.  This enables the credential holder to teach  
               an authorized subject at any grade level, including an  
               authorization to teach dance as part of the physical  
               education department or theatre as part of the English  
               department.  The subject matter authorization typically  
               requires completion of 32 semester units of non-remedial  
               coursework in the subject or major directly related to the  
               subject listed on the credential.  

               Additionally, a supplementary authorization may be added to  
               the various teaching credentials for any grade level.   
               Similarly, dance courses may be found within the physical  
               education department while theatre courses may be found as  
               part of the English department.  A supplementary  
               authorization typically requires completion of 20 semester  
               units of collegiate coursework in the subject or 10 upper  
               division and graduate coursework in the specific subject of  
               the authorization.

          4)   Impact on the existing authorizations?  While the bill adds  
               the authority for the Commission on Teacher Credentialing  
               to issue single subject credentials in dance and theatre,  
               it does not appear to expressly prohibit the continued use  
               of the existing authorizations to teach dance and theatre  
               courses.  To the extent that there is ambiguity on the  
               bill's implications, the author may wish to consider  
               addressing this as the bill moves forward.   

          5)   Grandfathering provisions.  The bill includes provisions  
               that are intended to protect the teachers that are  
               currently teaching dance and theatre under the physical  
               education and English credentials.  To protect existing  
               candidates in the pipeline that are working towards  
               completing a teacher preparation program, staff recommends  
               that the bill be amended to allow these candidates to  
               complete their programs without meeting any new  
               requirements imposed as a result of this bill after the  
               candidates' enrollment in those programs.   

          6)   Previous legislation.
               
               AB 752 (Davis, 1999) proposed to create an emphasis  








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               credential in theatre and dance to holders of English and  
               physical education credentials.  This measure passed the  
               Legislature and was enrolled to the Governor, but  
               subsequently withdrawn at the author's request.  

               AB 1052 (Davis, 1998), similar to this measure, proposed to  
               provide a single subject credential in dance and theatre  
               but was vetoed by Governor Wilson with the following  
               message:

                    This bill would require the Commission on Teacher  
                    Credentialing to adopt regulations establishing new  
                    standards for theater and dance teachers within  
                    existing single subject teaching credentials.   
                    Appreciation of the arts is an important part of every  
                    child's education, and should be encouraged.  But this  
                    bill imposes a needless and unrealistic burden upon  
                    the holders of most single subject credentials that is  
                    wholly unrelated to their chosen discipline.  A far  
                    more relevant and appropriate approach to achieving  
                    the same result was that taken by Senate Concurrent  
                    Resolution 31 of 1994.
            
          SUPPORT
          
          California Alliance for Arts Education
          California Association for Health, Physical Education,  
          Recreation and Dance
          California Educational Theatre Association
          California Federation of Teachers
          California Music Educators Association
          California State PTA
          California Teachers Association
          Common Sense Kids Action
          Los Angeles Unified School District
          National Art Education Association
          National Association for Music Education
          National Dance Education Organization
          National Educational Theatre Association
          Screen Actors Guild-American Federation of Television and Radio  
          Artists
          Teaching Artists Guild
          United Teachers Los Angeles
          Letters from individuals








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            OPPOSITION
           
           None received.

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