Senate BillNo. 933

Introduced by Senator Allen

February 2, 2016

An act to add Chapter 3.9 (commencing with Section 44790) to Part 25 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Education Code, relating to teachers.


SB 933, as introduced, Allen. Teachers: California Teacher Corps Act of 2016: teacher residency programs.

Existing law establishes a system of public elementary and secondary education in this state. Existing law establishes local educational agencies, including school districts and county offices of education, throughout the state, and authorizes these agencies to provide instruction to pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive.

This bill would establish the California Teacher Corps Act of 2016, under which the Superintendent of Public Instruction would make grants to applicant high-need local educational agencies and high-need consortium of local educational agencies, as defined, to assist these agencies in establishing and maintaining teacher residency programs, as defined. The teacher residency programs established by the bill would be defined as school-based teacher preparation programs in which a prospective teacher would teach alongside an experienced mentor teacher, as defined, while also receiving teacher training instruction in a teacher credentialing program in a qualified institution of higher education. The bill would establish eligibility standards for persons who apply for participation in the teacher residency programs established by the bill.

The bill would provide that its provisions would not be implemented unless funding for its purposes is provided in the annual Budget Act or in another statute.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1


Chapter 3.9 (commencing with Section 44790)
2is added to Part 25 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Education Code,
3to read:


5Chapter  3.9. California Teacher Corps




This act shall be known, and may be cited, as the
8California Teacher Corps Act of 2016.



The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:

10(a) The shortage of qualified teachers in California is reaching
11critical levels in a number of teaching areas.

12(b) Education experts agree that shortages of effective teachers
13in high-poverty schools and in specific teaching fields create a
14need for high-quality teachers who will enter, stay in, and be
15effective in, these areas.

16(c) At least 30 percent of new teachers leave the profession in
17the first five years, and the proportions are generally higher in
18low-income communities.

19(d) Teacher shortages and high teacher turnover rates have a
20negative impact on pupil achievement and the quality of education.

21(e) Successful teacher preparation programs, and providing
22ongoing support, can make novice teachers effective more rapidly
23and can reduce teacher attrition.

24(f) Many new teachers lack such support, and, as a result, leave
25the profession.

26(g) Teacher candidates must see expert practices modeled, and
27must then practice them with ongoing mentoring support. Teacher
28preparation often lacks adequate or sufficient opportunities to learn
29under the direct supervision of expert teachers working in schools
30that effectively serve high-need pupils.

31(h) It is critical to develop programs that increase the probability
32that recruits will succeed and stay in the high-need classrooms
33where they are needed. Because many teacher candidates choose
34to teach where they grew up or went to college, it is important to
35have strong programs in hard-to-staff urban and rural locations.
P3    1Teacher residency programs effectively build teacher supply, since
2they recruit and prepare candidates in the school districts that
3sponsor them, in partnership with local preparation programs.
4Teacher residency programs have demonstrated the capacity to
5recruit, prepare, retain, and provide effective support for teachers
6in high-need schools.



For purposes of this chapter, the following terms have
8the following meanings:

9(a) “Experienced mentor teacher” means a teacher who meets
10all of the following requirements:

11(1) Has at least three years’ teaching experience and a clear
12teaching credential in the field in which he or she will be

14(2) Has taught in a high-need school.

15(3) Has a record of successful teaching.

16(4) Receives specific training for the mentor teacher role, and
17engages in ongoing professional learning and networking with
18other mentors. Compensation shall be ongoing as long as the
19mentor continues to serve in the role prescribed by the program.

20(5) Receives compensation or appropriate release time, or both,
21to serve as a mentor in the initial preparation or induction
22component of the teacher residency program.

23(b) “High-need consortium of local educational agencies” means
24two or more local educational agencies, at least 50 percent of which
25are “high-need local educational agencies,” as defined in
26subdivision (c).

27(c) “High-need local educational agency” means a local
28educational agency that is determined by the Superintendent to be
29among the highest 40 percent of local educational agencies in the
30state in terms of the percentage of unduplicated pupils, as defined
31in Section 42238.02.

32(d) “Local educational agency” includes, but is not necessarily
33limited to, a school district, county office of education, charter
34school, or charter management organization.

35(e) (1) “Teacher residency program” means a school-based
36teacher preparation program that is accredited by the Commission
37on Teacher Credentialing and in which a prospective teacher does
38all of the following:

P4    1(A) Teaches at least one-half time alongside a teacher of record,
2who is designated as the mentor teacher, for at least one full
3academic year while engaging in initial preparation coursework.

4(B) Receives instruction in all of the following:

5(i) The teaching of the content area or areas in which the teacher
6will become certified to teach.

7(ii) Planning, curriculum development, and assessment.

8(iii) Learning and child development.

9(iv) Management of the classroom environment.

10(v) The use of culturally responsive practices, supports for
11language development, and supports for serving pupils with

13(vi) Professional responsibilities, including interaction with
14families and colleagues.

15(C) Receives tuition assistance that eliminates training costs
16and provides a living stipend.

17(D) Attains a preliminary teaching credential upon completion
18of the program.

19(E) Receives mentoring and induction support following the
20completion of the initial credential program necessary to obtain a
21clear credential and ongoing professional development and
22networking opportunities during his or her first years of teaching.

23(F) Has the option of completing a master’s degree before
24completion of the program.

25(2) A “teacher residency program” does all of the following:

26(A) Seeks out academically able individuals who expand the
27racial, ethnic, gender, and linguistic diversity of the teaching force
28and meet hiring needs of the local educational agency for teachers
29in difficult-to-fill content areas and hard-to-staff schools.
30Admissions priorities are developed in concert with the hiring
31objectives of the local educational agency, which commits to hire
32graduates from the teacher residency program who obtain a
33preliminary teaching credential, pass the program’s Teacher
34Performance Assessment if that is a condition for receiving a
35license, and meet the standards set for hiring.

36(B) Allows residents to learn to teach in the same local
37educational agency in which they will work, learning the
38instructional initiatives and curriculum of the local educational

P5    1(C) Groups teacher candidates in cohorts to facilitate
2professional collaboration among residents, and places them in
3teaching schools or professional development programs that are
4organized to support a high-quality teacher learning experience in
5a supportive work environment.

6(D) Assigns a high priority to the recruiting of mid-career
7professionals, military veterans, and recent college graduates as
8prospective participants in the teacher residency program.

9(E) Builds coursework for residents and mentors around the
10classroom experience in ways that are aligned to pupil needs.

11(F) Offers structured feedback and coaching systems organized
12around the California Standards for the Teaching Profession to
13ensure that participants engage in a meaningful classroom teaching

15(G) Ensures that candidates are prepared to pass a teacher
16performance assessment if that is required by the state as a
17condition of the initial license.

18(H) Maintains a program evaluation system that focuses on
19continual improvement for residents, mentors, teacher education
20faculty, and the teacher residency program itself.

21(I) Is developed collaboratively with teacher representatives
22within the local educational agency.



From amounts made available to carry out this chapter,
24the Superintendent shall make grants to high-need local educational
25agencies or high-need consortium of local educational agencies to
26assist those agencies to establish and maintain teacher residency
27programs. These local educational agencies shall work with one
28or more teacher preparation institutions, and may work with other
29community partners or nonprofit organizations to develop and
30implement teacher residency programs of preparation and
31mentoring for prospective teachers who will be supported through
32teacher residency program funds and subsequently employed by
33the sponsoring local educational agency.



(a) To be eligible to participate in a teacher residency
35program under this chapter, a prospective participant shall become
36enrolled simultaneously in a teacher credentialing program in a
37university or college or other eligible institution that satisfies either
38of the following conditions:

39(1) It has entered into a written agreement relating to that
40program with the high-need local educational agency or high-need
P6    1consortium of local educational agencies that is the recipient of a
2grant under this chapter.

3(2) It has been determined to meet the requirements of Article
47 (commencing with Section 44320) of Chapter 2 by the
5Commission on Teacher Credentialing.

6(b) A participant in a teacher residency program under this
7chapter shall, under the supervision of an experienced mentor
8teacher, complete not fewer than nine months of teaching a class
9or set of classes in a school chosen by the high-need local
10educational agency that is the recipient of a grant under this

12(c) (1) A participant in a teacher residency program under this
13chapter shall agree in writing to be placed, after successfully
14completing the initial year of preparation, as a teacher of record
15in a school within the high-need local educational agency.

16(2) Placement under this subdivision shall be for a period of at
17least four school years beginning with the school year that begins
18after the participant successfully completes the initial year of
19preparation and obtains a preliminary teaching credential. Once
20licensed, a participant shall be eligible to be hired as a teacher in
21a high-need, underserved area or in a high-need subject area. A
22participant who fails to complete the period of the placement, or
23the first four school years of the placement if the period is more
24than four school years, is required to pay back the cost of the
25training on a pro rata basis, relative to the amount of time served
26in proportion to the total pledged.

27(d) If a participant is unable to complete an academic year of
28teaching, that academic year may still be counted toward the
29required four complete and consecutive academic years if any of
30the following occur:

31(1) The participant has completed at least one-half of the
32academic year.

33(2) The employer deems the participant to have fulfilled his or
34her contract requirements for the academic year for the purposes
35of salary increases, tenure, and retirement.

36(3) The participant was not able to teach due to the financial
37circumstances of the local educational agency.

38(4) The participant has a condition covered under the Family
39and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) (Section 230.8 of the
40Labor Code) or similar state law.

P7    1(5) The participant was called or ordered to active duty status
2for more than 30 days as a member of a reserve component of the
3Armed Forces of the United States.



(a) A grant under this chapter shall be for a period of
5no less than three school years, and may be in an annual amount
6up to thirty thousand dollars ($30,000) per resident of the
7jurisdiction of the local educational agency, as matched by that
8local educational agency, or a total of two million dollars
9($2,000,000) over three school years, as matched by that local
10educational agency, whichever is less. Funding may be applied to
11expenditures for any of the following: master teachers’ stipends,
12stipends and tuition for residents, teacher residency program
13management, and costs of mentoring and induction following
14initial preparation.

15(b) The Superintendent may make ____ grants under this chapter
16each fiscal year, commencing with the 2017-18 fiscal year. A
17high-need local educational agency or high-need consortium of
18local educational agencies shall not receive more than one grant
19under this chapter in any fiscal year.

20(c) To receive a grant under this chapter, a high-need local
21educational agency or high-need consortium of local educational
22agencies shall submit to the Superintendent an application at a
23time, in a manner, and containing information, prescribed by the

25(d) The Superintendent shall award grants under this chapter
26on a competitive basis.

27(e) Of the amount appropriated to implement this chapter, the
28Superintendent shall reserve up to 3 percent for an evaluation of
29the program established under this chapter to determine its
30effectiveness in recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers in
31high-need teaching fields and high-need schools.

32(f) A high-need local educational agency or high-need
33consortium of local educational agencies that receives a grant under
34this chapter shall provide matching funds in an amount equal to
3550 percent of grant funds provided to the local educational agency
36under this chapter to carry out the activities supported by the grant,
37which may be provided by community partners, institutions of
38higher education, or others.

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This chapter shall not be implemented unless funding
2for its purposes is provided in the annual Budget Act or in another