BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                     SB 945  


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          Date of Hearing:  August 3, 2016


                        ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS


                               Lorena Gonzalez, Chair


          SB 945  
          (Monning) - As Amended August 1, 2016


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          Urgency:  No  State Mandated Local Program:  YesReimbursable:   
          No


          SUMMARY:


          This bill establishes standards for the operational requirements  
          of pet boarding facilities and facility operators, as specified.  
           


          FISCAL EFFECT:


          Negligible state fiscal impact.  Any local costs are not  
          reimbursable.









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          COMMENTS:


          1)Purpose. According to the author, "This bill would establish  
            minimum standards for the care of pets while they are in  
            boarding facilities, as current law is silent on animal and  
            consumer protections relating specifically to pet boarding  
            facilities.  Pet owners who board their pets may be unaware  
            that California law does not establish minimum standards of  
            care for conditions at pet boarding facilities such as  
            quantity of food and water, limitations on the time pets spend  
            in cages, veterinary care, or emergency evacuation plans.   
            This bill would provide operators of pet boarding facilities  
            with clear guidance, help ensure the safety and wellbeing of  
            pets, and provide protection to pet-owning consumers." 

          2)Background.  Recent news articles and reports have highlighted  
            issues in pet boarding facilities which have led to animal  
            death or harm. Among the reports, in 2015, a fire at a pet  
            boarding facility killed 14 dogs in Monterey. In January of  
            2016, ABC reported that an injured dog found near the highway  
            in Brentwood was reunited with his family after escaping from  
            a boarding facility.  

            Unlike pet stores, pet boarding facilities are not uniformly  
            regulated throughout the state.  California law does not  
            provide detail on the daily operating practices such as what  
            constitutes appropriate animal enclosures, feeding, watering,  
            general health veterinary treatment, record keeping, among  
            other related matters.  Local jurisdictions are responsible  
            for enacting ordinances pertaining to the operation and  
            control of pet boarding facilities.  For example, the City of  
            Newport Beach requires the operator of a kennel to obtain a  
            permit from the city.  In California, because pet boarding  
            facilities are not licensed, and therefore not directly  
            regulated, enforcement is complaint driven and there is little  
            recourse for the consumer should something go wrong.









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            The Lockyer-Polanco-Farr Pet Protection Act (Pet Protection  
            Act) regulates of the retail sale of dogs and cats.  As part  
            of the Pet Protection Act, pet dealers are required to  
            maintain facilities where dogs are kept in sanitary  
            conditions, provide dogs with adequate nutrition and water,  
            adequate space appropriate to the age, size and weight of the  
            dog, provide dogs with adequate socialization and exercise,  
            and requires a fire alarm system connected to a central  
            reporting station or a fire suppression sprinkler system,  
            among other requirements.  A number of the requirements for  
            facilities in the Pet Protection Act are similar to the  
            provisions in this bill.  

          3)Prior Legislation.  



             a)   AB 1810 (Maienschein), Chapter 86, Statutes of 2014,  
               permits a veterinarian or animal care facility to turn over  
               an abandoned animal to a public animal control agency or  
               shelter rather than euthanize it, as long as the shelter  
               has not refused to take the animal, and deletes the  
               requirement that an abandoned animal be euthanized 10 days  
               after abandonment.  



             b)   SB 969 (Vargas) of 2012, would have established the  
               California Pet Grooming Council to administer a voluntary  
               pet groomer and pet bather and brusher certificate program,  
               until January 1, 2017.  This bill was held on this  
               Committee's Suspense file.  



             c)   AB 490 (Smyth), Chapter, 446, Statutes of 2009, revised  
               the guidelines by which a pet store operator or employee  
               may euthanize rodents and rabbits intended as food for  
               another animal, and modifies the definition of a pet store,  








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               as specified.  



             d)   AB 1347 (Caballero), Chapter 703, Statutes of 2007,  
               enacted the Pet Store Animal Care Act (Act) that  
               establishes procedures for the care and maintenance of  
               animals in the custody of a pet store and details the  
               responsibilities of the pet shop, the standards for  
               enclosures, animal care requirements, record keeping,  
               standards keeping the animals healthy including veterinary  
               care, euthanasia standards and disclosures that must be  
               made to a person who purchases a pet.  Provides for a  
               "notice to correct" and monetary misdemeanor penalties for  
               specified violations of this Act.



          Analysis Prepared by:Jennifer Swenson / APPR. / (916)  
          319-2081