BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                    SB 1051

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          1051 (Hancock)

          As Amended  June 29, 2016

          Majority vote

          SENATE VOTE:  37-0

          |Committee       |Votes|Ayes                  |Noes                |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |Transportation  |16-0 |Frazier, Linder,      |                    |
          |                |     |Baker, Bloom, Brown,  |                    |
          |                |     |Chu, Daly, Dodd,      |                    |
          |                |     |Eduardo Garcia,       |                    |
          |                |     |Gomez, Kim, Mathis,   |                    |
          |                |     |Medina, Melendez,     |                    |
          |                |     |Nazarian, O'Donnell   |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |Privacy         |10-0 |Chau, Baker,          |                    |
          |                |     |Calderon, Chang,      |                    |
          |                |     |Cooper, Dababneh,     |                    |
          |                |     |Gatto, Gordon, Low,   |                    |
          |                |     |Olsen                 |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |
          |                |     |                      |                    |


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          SUMMARY:  Authorizes the Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District  
          (AC Transit), until January 1, 2022, to enforce parking  
          violations in transit-only traffic lanes.  Specifically, this  

          1)Authorizes the AC Transit, until January 1, 2022, to enforce  
            parking violations in transit-only traffic lanes using  
            bus-mounted video cameras and in accordance with specified  

          2)Requires AC Transit, if it implements an automated enforcement  
            system in transit-only lanes, to provide the transportation,  
            privacy, and judiciary committees of the Legislature an  
            evaluation of the enforcement system's effectiveness, impact  
            on privacy, cost to implement, and generation of revenue no  
            later than January 1, 2021.

          3)Makes findings and declarations regarding video enforcement of  
            parking violations.

          4)Defines a variety of terms.

          FISCAL EFFECT:  Unknown.  This bill is keyed non-fiscal by the  
          Legislative Counsel.

          COMMENTS:  AC Transit is in the process of building a Bus Rapid  
          Transit (BRT) corridor that will employ dedicated, bus-only  
          lanes.  The BRT is expected to increase transit reliability and  
          reduce travel times along an arterial corridor through the  
          cities of Berkeley, Oakland, and San Leandro.  The BRT is  
          expected to turn what was once a 45-minute trip though the  


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          corridor into a 30-minute trip using state-of-the art buses,  
          rail-like stations, and dedicated bus-only lanes.  The BRT  
          service is expected to begin in late 2017.

          AC Transit is concerned that their efforts to improve trip times  
          along the corridor could be hampered by the growing problem of  
          vehicles stopping or illegally parking in BRT lanes thereby  
          impeding throughput.  If this occurs, as it did in the City and  
          County of San Francisco, AC Transit will have difficulties  
          maintaining reliable transit schedules that could, ultimately,  
          impact transit ridership.  In San Francisco, this problem was  
          successfully addressed with the passage of AB 101 (Ma), Chapter  
          377, Statutes of 2007, that provided the San Francisco Municipal  
          Transportation Agency (SFMTA) the ability to operate a pilot  
          program whereby transit buses were equipped with forward-facing  
          cameras to record images of vehicles that are stopped or parked  
          in transit-only lanes and issue parking citations based on that  
          video evidence.  The program improved the safety, reliability,  
          and performance of SFMTA transit vehicles using San Francisco's  
          transit-only lanes as shown in studies required in AB 101 and  
          subsequent legislation including AB 1041 (Ma), Chapter 325,  
          Statutes of 2011, and AB 1287 (Chiu), Chapter 485, Statutes of  

          To address concerns that AC Transit's BRT service could be  
          hampered by parking and standing of vehicles, the author has  
          introduced this bill which would authorize AC Transit, until  
          January 1, 2022, to equip transit buses with forward-facing  
          parking control devices to record images of vehicles parked in  
          transit-only lanes and to issue parking citations based on that  
          video evidence.  This bill contains the same privacy and  
          procedural requirements as SFMTA's program.  The author points  
          out that SFMTA's program has proven to be an effective tool in  
          reducing the problem of parking and standing of vehicles in  
          transit-only lanes and, therefore, it stands to reason that AC  
          Transit should be afforded with similar authority to ensure its  
          BRT corridor operates as planned.  


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          Based on the results of SFMTA's initial pilot and the subsequent  
          report to the Legislature pursuant to AB 101 and AB 1041, it  
          appears that SFMTA's transit only lane program has been a  
          success.  In their March 2015 report entitled "Transit-Only Lane  
          Enforcement (TOLE) Pilot Program Evaluation," SFMTA notes that  
          the program improved safety and reliability of their transit  
          programs, acted as a deterrent to motorists obstructing San  
          Francisco's transit-only lanes, provided privacy protections,  
          enhanced transit safety and accessibility, and did not act as a  
          revenue generator for the local jurisdiction.  The report's  
          recommendations included making the pilot program permanent and  
          expanding the program to allow ticketing of illegally parked  
          cars in non-dedicated lanes, as well as blocking intersections.   
          AB 1287 was introduced to include these recommendations but,  
          ultimately, only addressed the removal of the sunset on SFMTA's  
          existing pilot program.

          Given the substantial investment that AC Transit is making to  
          create its BRT program, it would be unfortunate for if it were  
          unable to function at optimum levels because of unenforced  
          vehicle parking and standing violations in the BRT lane. Given  
          that SFMTA's program has shown a 47% decrease in bus zone  
          violations and a 44% decrease in double parking violations in  
          transit-only lanes, it stands to reason that AC Transit should  
          be afforded similar authority to ensure the success of their BRT  
          program.  If successfully implemented, AC Transit's BRT program  
          will not only reduce travel times along the corridor, but it  
          will also have the residual benefits of reducing harmful vehicle  
          emissions and reducing roadway congestion by making transit a  
          more attractive option.

          Please see the policy committee analyses for full discussion of  
          this bill.


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          Analysis Prepared by:                                             
                          Victoria Alvarez / TRANS. / (916) 319-2093  FN: