Senate BillNo. 1142


Introduced by Senator Moorlach

February 18, 2016


An act to add Sections 54.15 and 55.565 to the Civil Code, relating to disability access.

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

SB 1142, as introduced, Moorlach. Disability access.

(1) Existing law prohibits discrimination on the basis of various specified personal characteristics, including disability. Existing law provides that individuals with disabilities are entitled to full and equal access to places to which the general public is invited, subject to specified conditions and limitations.

This bill would provide that when there is a conflict or difference between the federal Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and any state law, standard, or regulation relating to the access of individuals with disabilities to any place to which the general public is invited, the federal Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 shall control.

(2) Existing law allows a plaintiff to collect statutory damages in a construction-related accessibility claim against a place of public accommodation only if a violation of a construction-related accessibility standard denied the plaintiff full and equal access to the place of public accommodation on a particular occasion, as specified. Existing law reduces a defendant’s liability for statutory damages in a construction-related accessibility claim against a place of public accommodation to a minimum of $1,000 for each offense if the defendant demonstrates that it has corrected all construction-related violations that are the basis of a claim within 60 days of being served with the complaint and meets certain requirements, or a minimum of $2,000 for each offense if the defendant has corrected all construction-related violations that are the basis of a claim within 30 days of being served with the complaint and is a small business, as specified.

This bill would prohibit a construction-related accessibility claim from being initiated in a legal proceeding against a defendant unless the defendant has been served with a demand letter specifying each alleged violation of a construction-related accessibility standard and the alleged violations have not been corrected within 120 days of service. The bill would provide that a defendant is not liable for statutory damages, costs, or plaintiff’s attorney’s fees for an alleged violation that is corrected within 120 days of service of a demand letter alleging the violation.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: no. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

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SECTION 1.  

The Legislature finds and declares as follows:

2(a) Under California law, all persons are entitled to full and
3equal accommodations, advantages, facilities, privileges, or
4services in all business establishments, including both private and
5public entities. However, oppressive lawsuits are needlessly
6decreasing or limiting access to public facilities since funds that
7could have been used to create greater accessibility are being taken
8by some attorneys for their excessive fees through unnecessary
9litigation.

10(b) To encourage greater accessibility and to ensure that
11compliance can be accomplished quickly, the Legislature hereby
12amends the law to allow remedial access corrections to be made
13without litigation and without needless payments of overly
14burdensome attorney’s fees.

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SEC. 2.  

Section 54.15 is added to the Civil Code, to read:

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54.15.  

Notwithstanding any other law, when there is a conflict
17or difference between the federal Americans with Disabilities Act
18of 1990 (Public Law 101-336) and any state law, standard, or
19regulation relating to the access of individuals with disabilities to
20any place to which the general public is invited, the federal
21Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-336)
22shall control.

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SEC. 3.  

Section 55.565 is added to the Civil Code, to read:

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55.565.  

(a) Notwithstanding any other law, a
2construction-related accessibility claim shall not be initiated in a
3legal proceeding against a defendant unless both of the following
4apply:

5(1) The defendant has been served with a demand letter
6specifying each alleged violation of a construction-related
7accessibility standard.

8(2) The alleged violations of construction-related accessibility
9standards have not been corrected within 120 days of service of
10the demand letter.

11(b) Service of a demand letter pursuant to subdivision (a) may
12be accomplished by any means authorized for service of a
13summons.

14(c) A defendant shall not be liable for statutory damages, costs,
15or plaintiff’s attorney’s fees for an alleged violation of a
16construction-related accessibility standard that is corrected within
17120 days of service of a demand letter alleging the violation.



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