BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó






                                                                    SB 1407


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          Date of Hearing:  June 14, 2016


          Counsel:               Gabriel Caswell








                         ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY


                       Reginald Byron Jones-Sawyer, Sr., Chair





          SB  
          1407 (De León) - As Amended May 11, 2016





          SUMMARY: Requires that any person who manufactures or assembles  
          a firearm to apply to the Department of Justice (DOJ) for a  
          serial number, as specified. Specifically, this bill:  

          1)Defines "manufacturing" or "assembling" a firearm as "to  
            fabricate or construct a firearm, or to fit together the  
            component parts of a firearm to construct a firearm."  
          2)Requires, commencing July 1, 2018, requires any person who  
            manufactures or assembles a firearm to: 













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             a)   Apply to the Department of Justice for a unique serial  
               number or other mark of identification, as specified; 
             b)   Within ten days of manufacturing or assembling the  
               firearm, to engrave or permanently affix the unique serial  
               number or other mark to that firearm, as specified; and, 


             c)   Notify the DOJ once the serial number or other mark is  
               affixed to the firearm, as specified.


          3)States that by January 1, 2019, any person who, as of July 1,  
            2018, owns a firearm that does not bear a serial number, as  
            specified, must:
             a)   Apply to the Department of Justice for a unique serial  
               number or other mark of identification, as specified; 
             b)   Within ten days of manufacturing or assembling the  
               firearm, to engrave or permanently affix the unique serial  
               number or other mark to that firearm, as specified; and, 


             c)   Notify the DOJ once the serial number or other mark is  
               affixed to the firearm, as specified.


          4)Specifies, prior to the DOJ providing the person with a unique  
            serial number or other mark, the person must: 
             a)   Present proof the applicant is not prohibited by state  
               or federal law;
             b)   Present proof of age and identity.  The applicant must  
               be 18 years of age or older to obtain a unique serial  
               number or mark of identification for a firearm that is not  
               a handgun, and must be 21 years of age or older to obtain a  
               unique serial number or mark of identification for a  
               handgun;


             c)   Provide a description of the firearm that he or she owns  
               or intends to manufacture or assemble, in a manner  











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               prescribed by the department; and


             d)   Have a valid firearm safety certificate or handgun  
               safety certificate.


          5)Prohibits the sale or transfer of ownership of a firearm  
            manufactured or assembled pursuant to the provisions of this  
            legislation, but allows for the transfer, surrender, or sale  
            of a firearm to a law enforcement agency, as specified.
          6)Exempts the following from the provisions of this legislation:


             a)   A firearm that has a serial number assigned, as  
               specified; 
             b)   A firearm made or assembled prior to December 16, 1968,  
               that is not a handgun;


             c)   A firearm which was entered into the centralized  
               registry, as specified, prior to July 1, 2018, as being  
               owned by a specific individual or entity if that firearm  
               has assigned to it a distinguishing number or mark of  
               identification to that firearm by virtue of the department  
               accepting entry of that firearm into the centralized  
               registry; and


             d)   An antique firearm, as specified. 


          7)Provides if the firearm is a handgun, a violation of this  
            section is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not to  
            exceed one year, or by a fine not to exceed one thousand  
            dollars ($1,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment.  For  
            all other firearms, a violation of this section is punishable  
            by imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed six months, or  
            by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by  











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            both that fine and imprisonment.  Each firearm found to be in  
            violation of this section constitutes a distinct and separate  
            offense. This section does not preclude prosecution under any  
            other law providing for a greater penalty.
          8)Requires the DOJ to maintain electronic records of all persons  
            that receive a unique serial number or other mark, and notify  
            the DOJ that it has been engraved or affixed to the firearm. 


          9)Requires DOJ to maintain and make available upon request  
            information concerning both of the following:


             a)   The number of serial numbers issued, as specified; and
             b)   The number of arrests for violations of Section 29180.


          10)Allows the DOJ to charge a fee for applications to administer  
            the costs of electronic tracking and would authorize the DOJ  
            to use the Dealer Record of Sales (DROS) account to cover  
            actual costs associated with this legislation. 
          EXISTING FEDERAL LAW:  


          1)Requires licensed importers and licensed manufacturers to  
            identify each firearm imported or manufactured by using the  
            serial number engraved or cast on the receiver or frame of the  
            weapon, in such manner as prescribed by the Attorney General.   
            (18 U.S.C., § 923, subd. (i).) 


          2)Makes it illegal to manufacture, import, sell, ship, deliver,  
            possess, transfer, or receive any firearm that is not as  
            detectable by walk-through metal detection as a security  
            exemplar containing 3.7 oz of steel, or any firearm with major  
            components that do not generate an accurate image before  
            standard airport imaging technology.  (18 U.S.C., § 922, subd.  
            (p).)  












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          EXISTING STATE LAW:


          1)Prohibits a person, firm, or corporation licensed to  
            manufacture firearms pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with  
            Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code from  
            manufacturing firearms in California, unless the person, firm  
            or corporation is also licensed under California law.  This  
            prohibition does not apply to a person licensed under federal  
            law, who manufactures less than 100 firearms a calendar year.   
            (Pen. Code, § 29010.)
          2)Makes it illegal to change, alter, remove, or obliterate the  
            name of the maker, model, manufacturer's number, or other mark  
            of identification on any pistol, revolver, or any other  
            firearm, without first having secured written permission from  
            the Department of Justice (DOJ) to make that change,  
            alteration, or removal.  (Pen. Code, § 23900.)


          3)Allows DOJ, upon request, to assign a distinguishing number or  
            mark of identification to any firearm whenever the firearm  
            lacks a manufacturer's number or other mark of identification,  
            or whenever the manufacturer's number or other mark of  
            identification, or a distinguishing number or mark assigned by  
            the department has been destroyed or obliterated.  (Pen. Code,  
            § 23910.)


          4)Makes it misdemeanor, with limited enumerated exceptions, for  
            any person to buy, receive, dispose of, sell, offer to sell or  
            have possession any pistol, revolver, or other firearm that  
            has had the name of the maker or model, or the manufacturer's  
            number or other mark of identification changed, altered,  
            removed, or obliterated.  (Pen. Code, §§ 23920 & 23925.)


          5)Requires a person be at least 18 years of age to purchase a  
            rifle or shotgun.  To purchase a handgun, a person must be at  











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            least 21 years of age.  As part of the Dealer Record of Sales  
            (DROS) process, the purchaser must present "clear evidence of  
            identity and age" which is defined as a valid, non-expired  
            California Driver's License or Identification Card issued by  
            the Department of Motor Vehicles.  (Pen. Code, §§ 27510 &  
            16400.) 


          6)Requires purchasers to present a handgun safety certificate  
            prior to the submission of DROS information for a handgun or  
            provide the dealer with proof of exemption pursuant to  
            California Penal Code Section 31700.  Beginning on January 1,  
            2015, this requirement was extended to all firearms.  (Pen.  
            Code, § 26840.)


          7)Requires that firearms dealers obtain certain identifying  
            information from firearms purchasers and forward that  
            information, via electronic transfer to DOJ to perform a  
            background check on the purchaser to determine whether he or  
            she is prohibited from possessing a firearm.  (Pen. Code, §§  
            28160-28220.)


          8)Requires firearms to be centrally registered at the time of  
            transfer or sale by way of transfer forms centrally compiled  
            by the DOJ.  DOJ is required to keep a registry from data sent  
            to DOJ indicating who owns what firearm by make, model, and  
            serial number and the date thereof.  (Pen. Code, § 11106,  
            subds. (a) & (c).) 


          9)Requires that, upon receipt of the purchaser's information,  
            DOJ shall examine its records, as well as those records that  
            it is authorized to request from the State Department of  
            Mental Health, in order to determine if the purchaser is  
            prohibited from purchasing a firearm because of a prior felony  
            conviction or because they had previously purchased a handgun  
            within the last 30 days, or because they had received  











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            inpatient treatment for a mental health disorder, as  
            specified.  (Pen. Code, § 28220.) 


          10)Allows DOJ to require the dealer to charge each firearm  
            purchaser a fee not to exceed $14, except that the fee may be  
            increased at a rate not to exceed any increase in the  
            California Consumer Price Index as compiled and reported by  
            the Department of Industrial Relations.  This fee, known as  
            the DROS fee, shall be no more than is necessary to fund  
            specific codified costs.  (Pen. Code, § 28225.)


          11)Permits DOJ to charge a fee sufficient to reimburse it for  
            each of the following but not to exceed fourteen dollars  
            ($14), except that the fee may be increased at a rate not to  
            exceed any increase in the California Consumer Price Index as  
            compiled and reported by the Department of Industrial  
            Relations:  (Pen. Code, § 28230.)


             a)   For the actual costs associated with the preparation,  
               sale, processing, and filing of specified forms or reports  
               required or utilized;
             b)   For the actual processing costs associated with the  
               submission of a Dealers' Record of Sale to the DOJ;


             c)   For the actual costs associated with the electronic or  
               telephonic transfer of information; and


             d)   Any costs incurred by DOJ to implement this section  
               shall be reimbursed from fees collected and charged  
               pursuant to this section.  


          12)Requires that the Attorney General establish and maintain an  
            online database to be known as the Prohibited Armed Persons  











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            File.  The purpose of the file is to cross-reference persons  
            who have ownership or possession of a firearm on or after  
            January 1, 1991, as indicated by a record in the Consolidated  
            Firearms Information System, and who, subsequent to the date  
            of that ownership or possession of a firearm, fall within a  
            class of persons who are prohibited from owning or possessing  
            a firearm.  (Pen. Code, § 30000.) 
          FISCAL EFFECT:  Unknown


          COMMENTS: 


          1)Author's Statement:  According to the author, "Under the Gun  
            Control Act of 1968, it is illegal for an unlicensed person to  
            make a firearm for sale or distribution. However, a loophole  
            in the law allows for the construction of firearms by  
            unlicensed individuals so long as the firearms are made for  
            personal use and are not sold or transferred. 

          "Unlike all other firearms, homemade guns have no record of  
            existence. These homemade guns are assembled through the  
            purchase of unfinished receivers, or 80 percent completed  
            lower receivers. Unfinished receivers-the engine of a  
            firearm-are not technically considered firearms because of  
            their incomplete stage and thus do not require a serial number  
            or background check for purchase. With an unfinished receiver,  
            a firearm parts kit, and basic drilling machinery, an  
            individual can assemble a fully functional firearm without  
            being subject to the requirements placed on all other firearms  
            transactions. 

          "This loophole poses an increasingly daunting challenge for law  
            enforcement. As reported in the Sac Bee (December 19, 2015)  
            "California black market surges for 'ghost guns'," there is an  
            emerging black market for these homemade guns, or ghost guns,  
            because they allow criminals and other dangerous individuals  
            to circumvent background checks and other California firearms  
            laws, including the state's assault weapons ban. Because these  











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            firearms are assembled privately and do not produce a sales  
            record, no one knows they exist until a crime is committed.  
            Federal and state officials have seized hundreds of these  
            weapons in a series of ongoing undercover operations.

          "Another telling example is the June 2013 shooting in Santa  
            Monica by John Zawahri, who killed five people using a gun  
            assembled at home. Although Zawahri was denied a firearms  
            purchase by the Department of Justice because of mental  
            illness concerns, he was able to skirt the law by purchasing a  
            lower receiver online, which he modified to craft the AR-15  
            style rifle that was used in the shooting. Similarly, just law  
            year, ghost guns were used in a murder-suicide in Walnut  
            Creek. 

          "The development of technologies that make the manufacture of  
            weapons accessible to the general public raises questions  
            about whether homemade guns are being made by gang members,  
            felons, and other prohibited individuals. Without specific  
            measures that address the dangers posed by these self-made  
            guns, criminals will exploit the technologies at the expense  
            of public safety-as is proving to be the case throughout the  
            state."

          2)Applying Serial Numbers to "Ghost Guns":  SB 1407 would  
            require any person who manufactures or assembles a firearm to  
            first obtain a serial number from the DOJ and demonstrate that  
            he or she is not prohibited from owning firearms.   
            Specifically, any person who manufactures or assembles a  
            firearm will be required to: 



             a)   Obtain a unique serial number or other mark from the  
               Department of Justice prior to making or assembling a  
               firearm; 

             b)   Within ten days of making or assembling to engrave or  
               permanently affix the unique serial number or other mark to  











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               the firearm; and, 



             c)   Notify the Department of Justice once the serial number  
               or other mark is affixed to the firearm.



            Prior to the DOJ providing the person with a unique serial  
            number or other mark, the person must: 

             a)   Present proof the applicant is not prohibited by state  
               or federal law;
             b)   Present proof of age and identity.  The applicant must  
               be 18 years of age or older to obtain a unique serial  
               number or mark of identification for a firearm that is not  
               a handgun, and must be 21 years of age or older to obtain a  
               unique serial number or mark of identification for a  
               handgun;


             c)   Provide a description of the firearm that he or she owns  
               or intends to manufacture or assemble, in a manner  
               prescribed by the department; and


             d)   Have a valid firearm safety certificate or handgun  
               safety certificate.


            There are no provisions in existing law that prevent a person  


















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            from buying an 80% lower receiver<1> and then making it into a  
            fully functional firearm.  Because 80% lower receivers are not  
            considered firearms, a person purchasing them does not have to  
            go through a federal firearms dealer, and does not have to  
            undergo a background check.  According to the author, SB 1407  
            will help to close this loophole. 


          3)Lower Receivers:  There are no provisions in existing law that  
            prevents a person from buying an 80% lower receiver and then  
            making it into a fully functional firearm.  According to  
            Tactical Machining, "An 80% Receiver is a partially completed  
            piece of material that requires special tooling and skills to  
            be completed and considered a firearm."   
            (  http://www.tacticalmachining.com/80-lower-receiver.html  .)   
            Because 80% lower receivers are not considered firearms, a  
            person purchasing them does not have to go through a federal  
            firearms dealer, and does not have to undergo a background  
            check.  Additionally, according to the Bureau of Alcohol,  
            Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) "firearms that began as  
            receiver blanks have been recovered after shooting incidents,  
            from gang members and from prohibited people after they have  
            been used to commit crimes."  
            (  https://www.atf.gov/firearms/qa/have-firearms-made-unmarked-re 
            ceiver-blanks-been-recovered-after-being-used-crime.  )  "ATF  
            successfully traces crime guns to the first retail purchaser  
            in most instances. ATF starts with the manufacturer and goes  
            through the entire chain of distribution to find who first  
            bought the firearm from a licensed dealer. Because receiver  
            blanks do not have markings or serial numbers, when firearms  
            made from such receiver blanks are found at a crime scene, it  
          ---------------------------


          <1>


           According to Tactical Machining, "An 80% Receiver is a  
          partially completed piece of material that requires special  
          tooling and skills to be completed and considered a firearm."   
          (  http://www.tacticalmachining.com/80-lower-receiver.html  .) 









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            is usually not possible to trace the firearm or determine its  
            history, which hinders crime gun investigations jeopardizing  
            public safety."  
            (  https://www.atf.gov/firearms/qa/can-functioning-firearms-made- 
            receiver-blanks-be-traced.  )


          4)Santa Monica Shooting:  According to a July 15, 2013, briefing  
            prepared by the Minority Staff of the Committee on Energy and  
            Commerce, United States House of Representatives: 



               On June 7, 2013, John Zawahri, 23, killed five people  
               and injured several more during a shooting rampage  
               that lasted approximately 13 minutes in Santa Monica,  
               California.  He first shot and killed his father,  
               Samir Zawahri, and brother, Christopher, at their  
               home.  He then pulled over and carjacked Laurie Sisk,  
               forcing her to drive at gunpoint to Santa Monica  
               College.  Zawahri shot at numerous cars, pedestrians,  
               and a bus en route, killing the college's  
               groundskeeper, Carlos Franco, and his daughter,  
               Marcela.  Upon arriving at the campus, he then fatally  
               shot another woman, Margarita Gomez.  He then entered  
               the school library, where he attempted to kill several  
               library patrons who were hiding in a safe room.   
               Police, who had been alerted to the shooting and to  
               Zawahri's location by numerous 911 calls, exchanged  
               gunfire in the library with the shooter and pronounced  
               him dead at the scene.  According to authorities,  
               Zawahri fired approximately 100 rounds in total.





               Zawahri had a history of mental illness.  In 2006, a  
               teacher at his high school discovered Zawahri  











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               researching assault weapons online.  School officials  
               contacted the police and he was subsequently admitted  
               to the psychiatric ward at the University of  
               California, Los Angeles Medical Center.  Zawahri  
               attempted to buy a weapon in 2011, but a background  
               check conducted by the California Department of  
               Justice found him ineligible and denied the purchase.   
               The reasons for this denial have not been publicly  
               released.


           


               Zawahri used a modified AR-15 rifle in the shooting  
               and also carried a .44-caliber handgun.  He possessed  
               more than 1,300 rounds of ammunition.  The AR-15 rifle  
               is the same type of gun used in the mass shootings  
               that occurred in Aurora, Colorado, and Newtown,  
               Connecticut.  The AR-15 firearm held 30 rounds.   
               California state law bans the sale of AR-15 rifles  
               with a magazine capacity greater than ten rounds.   
               Authorities believe that Zawahri assembled his AR-15  
               rifle using parts he bought in pieces from a number of  
               different sources, including an 80% completed lower  
               receiver.  Police found a drill press at Zawahri's  
               home, a tool that can make holes in the lower receiver  
               to complete the weapon.  (Citations Omitted.)  


               
          5)Governor's Veto Message of 2013's SB 808 (De Leon):  SB 808  
            required serial numbers on lower receivers.  The governor  
            vetoed the bill with the following message:  
            
               "I am returning Senate Bill 808 without my signature.














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               "SB 808 would require individuals who build guns at home to  
               first obtain a serial number and register the weapon with  
                                                  the Department of Justice.

               "I appreciate the author's concerns about gun violence, but  
               I can't see how adding a serial number to a homemade gun  
               would significantly advance public safety."
          6)Argument in Support:  According to the California Police  
            Chiefs Association, "the California Police Chiefs Association  
            supports Senate Bill 1407, which would require a person who  
            manufactures or assembles a firearm, or owns a firearm that  
            does not bear a serial number, to apply to the Department of  
            Justice for a unique serial number or other identifying mark.   



            "There are no provisions in existing law that prevent a person  
            from manufacturing or buying an 80% lover receivers - the  
            basis of a firearm - and then making it into a fully  
            functional firearm.  Furthermore, the accessibility of these  
            parts have become increasingly easier to acquire with the  
            invention of 3D printers.  Because 80% lower receivers are not  
            considered firearms, a person purchasing them does not have to  
            go through a federal firearms dealer, and does not have to  
            undergo a background check.  This has created a loophole that  
            allows prohibited felons, gang members, and mentally ill  
            individuals to obtain firearms against the intent of our laws.  
             


            "California has some of the strictest regulations in the  
            nation.  The laws are meant to keep our neighborhoods safer  
            and aid law enforcement's fight against gun violence, while  
            still protecting the rights of responsible gun owners.   
            Essential to each is the ability to track and verify the  
            ownership of each firearm in the state.  It is detrimental to  
            public safety and law enforcement's ability to solve crimes if  
            there are innumerable firearms in circulation without  
            serialization or registration.  If we do not begin to address  











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            this problem now, the number of shootings involving  
            untraceable firearms will become a much heavier burden on law  
            enforcement, and the victims of gun violence, in the future."   



          7)Argument in Opposition:  According to the Firearms Policy  
            Coalition, "On behalf of Firearms Policy Coalition, I  
            respectfully submit our opposition to Senate Bill 1407 (de  
            Leon), a measure that seeks to retroactively assign a serial  
            number to every firearm in existence dating back at least 48  
            years for long guns and 50 years for handguns, take the  
            property of those who bother to actually comply and  
            criminalize and incarcerate residents and visitors for mere  
            possession of any firearm or family heirloom that does not  
            have a serial number, even though firearms manufactured prior  
            to 1968 were not required to be serialized.


            "SB 1407 will cost millions to implement and enforce, even  
            with the predictably modest public compliance. It is laughable  
            to think that those with criminal intent will comply-- leaving  
            only those law abiding residents who were informed of the new  
            law and how to comply with it as potential test cases.


            "SB 1407 requires gun owners to apply for, and affix, a  
            Department of Justice (DOJ) -provided serial number to ALL  
            un-serialized legally acquired firearms dating back around 50  
            years. 


            "Oddly, if anyone were to comply with the provisions of this  
            measure and apply for a serial number, they would then lose  
            all interest in the property as SB 1407 prohibits the sale or  
            transfer of those weapons that were serialized according to  
            the bill. This means that mere compliance is a loss of  
            property and inheritance. The measure does not seem to  
            contemplate community property. After the death of a firearm  











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            owner who actually complied, will the DOJ be sending in teams  
            of police to confiscate the over-night contraband? 


            "In order to implement this measure, the California Department  
            of Justice (DOJ) will have to create all new regulations,  
            forms, databases and policies. DOJ will have to hire, shift or  
            contract with dozens of full time staffers in order to take on  
            this ambitious task. Given the DOJ's track record with other  
            programs, databases and inefficient use of special and general  
            funds?we are not optimistic.


            "There are hundreds of thousands, and perhaps even millions -  
            of personally assembled and un-serialized firearms in  
            California today. SB 1407 makes no provision for how the  
            Department will communicate with these lawful gun owners and  
            inform them of their new obligations and criminal liabilities  
            under your proposed law. Even if the Department could create  
            and implement such a massive outreach program, SB 1407 does  
            not provide any funding to pay for it. That defect is a  
            terminal one. 


            "Next, SB 1407 fails to address the bill's effects on the  
            Department of Justice itself. How will the Department pay for  
            handling such a massive influx of applications and maintain  
            its other mandated firearms-related services without causing  
            unconstitutional delays? We note here that DOJ already has a  
            number of state and federal lawsuits against it because of its  
            continuing failure to respect law-abiding Californians' Second  
            Amendment civil rights. 


            "What happens to the thousands of law-abiding gun owners that  
            will doubtlessly end up waiting for the Department to wade  
            through the mile-high stack of new background checks and  
            serial number applications? Will they be excused from the  
            enforcement of SB 1407's penalties, or will these good people  











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            end up further burdening our court system and adding to our  
            already seriously overcrowded prisons? 


            "SB 1407 forces law enforcement officers into the job of  
            identifying a firearm's age, which, in many cases, is  
            impossible. Firearms that have been in common use for lawful  
            purposes for decades or centuries, such as model 1911 handguns  
            and AR- 15 semi-automatic rifles, made prior to the federal  
            serialization requirement in 1968 are virtually, if not  
            outright, the same as those that will be made after SB 1407  
            would take effect. 


            "How will law enforcement determine the difference? Put  
            simply, without destructive metallurgical tests on every gun  
            they encounter, there is no way to know. (Even then, the  
            certainty is not absolute.) SB 1407 will place  
            well-intentioned peace officers into the compromising position  
            of either choosing to not enforce SB 1407 or seizing personal  
            property and/or arresting people with no assurances as to the  
            legal authority for those actions. This bill creates massive  
            cost exposure for the state and local governments through its  
            certain outcome of civil rights lawsuits on claims of Second,  
            Fourth, and Fifth Amendment violations. 


            "SB 1407 fails to account for the educational costs  
            necessitated for law enforcement education to inform officers  
            which guns fall into the exempted class at any given time.  
            Additionally, any firearm manufactured in 1968 will be  
            considered an exempted curio or relic as a matter of law, just  
            two years after the proposed implementation of SB 1407. This  
            moving target will continue in perpetuity, creating an  
            ever-growing list of exempted firearms for which law  
            enforcement officers will need to be educated. 


            "Finally, many firearms assembled at home hold substantial  











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            monetary value for the sheer fact that they are rare or novel  
            replicas of a historically significant gun. Forced destruction  
            of property will undoubtedly lead to thousands of takings and  
            damage claims against the state. 


            "SB 1407 adds enormous direct and social costs not limited to  
            the fiscal and policy issues noted above. The bill also  
            presents tangible constitutional conflicts and sets local law  
            enforcement up for expensive litigation and damage awards. 


            "For these reasons we respectfully ask for you to reject this  
            measure."





          8)Related Legislation:  AB 1673 (Gipson), expands the definition  
            of "firearm" to include the frame or receiver of the weapon or  
            a frame or receiver "blank, casting or machined body" that is  
            designed and clearly identifiable as a component of a  
            functional weapon, from which is expelled through a barrel, a  
            projectile by the force of an explosion or other form of  
            combustion.  AB 1673 is awaiting a hearing in Senate Public  
            Safety.





          9)Prior Legislation:  


             a)   SB 808 (De León), of the 2013-2014 Legislative Session,  
               required a person, commencing January 1, 2016, to apply to  
               and obtain from the Department of Justice (DOJ) a unique  
               serial number or other mark of identification prior to  











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               manufacturing or assembling a firearm.  AB 808 was vetoed  
               by the governor.  


             b)   AB 809 (Feuer), Statutes of 2011, Chapter 745, conformed  
               requirements for reporting and record retention involving  
               the transfer of long guns with those of handguns.  

              c)   AB 302 (Beall), Statutes of 2010, Chapter 344, required  
               that by July 1, 2012, specified mental health facilities  
               shall report to the DOJ exclusively by electronic means  
               when a person is admitted to that facility either because  
               that person was found to be a danger to themselves or  
               others, or was certified for intensive treatment for a  
               mental disorder, as specified.  

           REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION:




          Support


          California Academy of Family Physicians


          California Chapters of the Brady Campaign  


          California Police Chiefs Association 




          Opposition


          Firearms Policy Coalition 











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          Gun Owners of California 
          California Rifle and Pistol Association 





          Analysis Prepared by:Gabriel Caswell / PUB. S. / (916)  
          319-3744